Loic Remy starts up front for Chelsea against Stoke as Diego Costa is short of fitness following a hamstring problem, while Cesar Azpilicueta and Oscar come in for Filipe Luis and Ramires. Jonathan Walters has been passed fit for the visitors despite nursing a calf problem. Chelsea: Courtois; Ivanovic, Cahill, Terry, Azpilicueta; Matic, Fabregas; Willian, Oscar, Hazard; Remy.Subs: Cech, Zouma, Filipe Luis, Ramires, Cuadrado, Drogba, Costa. Stoke: Begovic; Cameron, Shawcross, Wollscheid, Wilson; Ireland, Whelan, Nzonzi, Adam; Walters, Diouf.Subs: Butland, Bardsley, Pieters, Muniesa, Arnautovic, Sidwell, Crouch.Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Ohio Governor Mike DeWine outlined his H2Ohio water quality initiative, which he is introducing as part of his proposed budget for the 2020-2021 biennium.“Water is vital to everyone, yet communities throughout the state face real and different challenges, such as algae blooms, failing septic tanks, nutrient pollution, and threats of lead contamination,” Governor DeWine said. “We cannot continue to lurch from water crisis to water crisis. I am proposing an H2Ohio initiative that would allow us to invest in targeted, long-term solutions to ensure safe and clean water across the state of Ohio.”During an event in Toledo, Governor DeWine announced that his proposal would create a special H2Ohio Fund that would be used to protect Ohio’s water quality over 10 years and could amount to approximately $900 million.“Rather than borrowing to pay to fix our water problems, we want to create a special account, where we can deposit funds to be used specifically for water quality across Ohio,” Gov. DeWine said. “We believe that this is a responsible approach to address a critically important issue.”H2Ohio funding would be used for water programs across the state, including for Lake Erie and other rivers, lakes, and waterways in Ohio, for efforts such as:Prevention and land-based management programs, such as funding efforts to minimize the introduction of nutrients and other runoff into Ohio waterways, additional staffing at soil and water conservation districts, and more aggressive action to address failing septic systems and other water treatment needs across Ohio.Water-based restoration programs, such as the creation of more wetlands in targeted areas to naturally filter out nutrients and sediment and utilizing emerging technologies to minimize water quality problems and treat polluted water.Science, research, and measurement, such as supporting ongoing research and data collection to advise on metrics and measurable goals, and to stay updated on and utilize new prevention and treatment technologies.“We are so excited to be a part of it,” said Dorothy Pelanda, director of the Ohio Department of Agriculture. “This is going to provide resources to every county in Ohio and we’ve been working hard with ODNR and EPA to consider what farmers need most across the state in terms of help from our state to move forward with their own initiatives to help with water quality.”The Ohio Farm Bureau Federation is supportive of the effort.“The Governor’s approach to water quality is refreshing for Ohio agriculture,” said Adam Sharp, OFBF executive vice president. “The H2Ohio initiative and its extensive resources shows an understanding of the complexities that come with this issue. This funding is a great example of how this governor is fully committed to work with farmers throughout the state toward the common goal of clean water. We look forward to working with the administration as the initiative moves forward.”
SEA Games: PH squash team settles for another silver NATO’s aging eye in the sky to get a last overhaul Biggest Pogo service provider padlocked for tax evasion Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next LATEST STORIES Celebrity chef Gary Rhodes dies at 59 with wife by his side Hotel says PH coach apologized for ‘kikiam for breakfast’ claim It proved the game’s only goal and brought a tame end to another wildly successful day for Malaysia, who reached a record 140 gold medals to finish top of the table for the first time since 2001.Haziq was the fall guy but the Thais were well worth their 1-0 half-time lead after Chenrop Samphaodi had curled a shot wide and Suriya Singhui saw a strong header saved by the goalkeeper.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSBoxers Pacquiao, Petecio torchbearers for SEA Games openingMalaysia’s goalkeeper Muhammad Haziq bin Nadzli reacts after losing to Thailand during their men’s football final match of the 29th Southeast Asian Games (SEA Games) at Shah Alam Stadium, outside Kuala Lumpur on August 29, 2017. / AFP PHOTO / MANAN VATSYAYANAThailand also had an early penalty shout turned down and just prior to the own goal, Phicha Au-Tra narrowly failed to connect with a cross which trickled across the face.After the break, Worachit Kanitsribumphen was twice denied by last-ditch defending from the Malaysians, while Sasalak saw a menacing shot go wide. Malaysia were restricted to the odd attempt from distance before Danial Amier fizzed one over on 69 minutes and Syazwan Andik went close with a curling shot 12 minutes from time.The men’s football final was the last act of a bumper penultimate day, with 60 gold medals up for grabs and Malaysia taking 29 of them to reach an unbeatable 140 for the tournament.Malaysia have amassed more than one-third of the 404 gold medals at the mini-Olympics, smashing their previous record of 111 and sealing top spot for the first time in 16 years.Thailand trailed on 69 golds and Vietnam had 58, meaning the second and third-placed teams totaled less than Malaysia between them.ADVERTISEMENT Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games03:07PH billiards team upbeat about gold medal chances in SEA Games05:25PH boxing team determined to deliver gold medals for PH03:04Filipino athletes share their expectations for 2019 SEA Games00:45Onyok Velasco see bright future for PH boxing in Olympics02:25PH women’s volleyball team motivated to deliver in front of hometown crowd01:27Filipino athletes get grand send-off ahead of SEA Games00:36Manny Pacquiao part of 2019 SEA Games opening ceremony Trump signs bills in support of Hong Kong protesters MOST READ View comments Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ Thailand’s football team players celebrate after defeating Malaysia during their men’s football final match of the 29th Southeast Asian Games (SEA Games) at Shah Alam Stadium, outside Kuala Lumpur on August 29, 2017. / AFP PHOTO / MANAN VATSYAYANAMalaysian goalkeeper Haziq Nadzli scored a horrendous own goal to hand Thailand a 1-0 win in the Southeast Asian Games football final on Tuesday, puncturing the hosts’ celebrations as they finished top of the medals table.In a moment that will haunt Haziq, the 19-year-old punched a corner into his own net on 39 minutes, silencing 80,000 fans at the cavernous Shah Alam Stadium.ADVERTISEMENT Robredo should’ve resigned as drug czar after lack of trust issue – Panelo
Log in to Reply Log in to Reply I was told that back in the 1950s when a British Post Office technician had completed a telephone installation (unlike North America, the Post Office was responsible for telecommunications in most of the British influenced world), the foreman would check the wiring layout with a spirit level. Much later, in the 1990s I saw a technician wire a panel with a layout so orthogonal it was truly a work of art. With the cost of labour today (even before the 90s) wiring has become much more unruly, but whilst a bird’s nest may be OK in a prototype, production and maintenance must have a systematic and manageable wiring configuration. In order to produce low cost houses rapidly in South Africa, they have a standard house layout and then drop a pre-made wiring loom into a house shell from above and in a few hours the house is completely wired. Some of us actually do have to take our assembled boards and drop them into panels and interconnect them in the field. This discussion is for you.One of the earliest techniques of bundling wires together was to wrap the wires using a catgut-like twine. When trussed up tightly it looked good, but it wasn’t very flexible and more importantly, any change involved cutting the twine and then rewrapping. Cable ties are an extension of this idea although the sheer number of different types and colours of cable ties can boggle the mind. Take a look at Essentra’s e-catalog. It does help to use a cable tie tool to tension the cable ties. In one of my earlier blogs “Top 17 helpful hints for constructing electronic systems” I gave a hint that bears repeating. If you are going to cut a cable tie, cut the block with the locking mechanism. If you try and cut the band itself, there is an incredibly good chance you will cut one of the wires as well. One commenter pointed out an occasion where there was a thin fluid pipe in the bundle, and someone cut through it necessitating a complete rewire.I am not sure about recent vehicles (who looks under the hood these days), but spiral wrap was very common in automobiles at one time. Using a special tool, it is easy and quick to work, and can be combined with twine or cable ties. An alternative to the spiral wrap is “split corrugated loom tubing” and is easy to stuff the wire into the tube since it is split along its length.If you need liquid-tight sheathing there are alternatives, but you are going to need techniques to pull the wires through and the patience of a saint, or a wiring department or subcontractor. And if you really have the time, to make the project pretty you could fish your wires though a woven sleeve. You can even get it in silicone or fiberglass for high temperature applications.With the wire in looms you may want to attach them to a panel or some other surface. There are many ways to do this using cable mounts and latching clips as well as clamps. Feast your eyes on the selection that Richco provides and see how easy (sarcasm) it is to make a selection. And they are only one of many manufacturers.Figure 1: Cable loom with cable ties and self-adhesive mounts on the front panel (Source: Author) Figure 2: Flat cables held by flat cable mounts. (Source: Author) For projects where you want to hide your cables completely you can use surface raceways or so I am told. This is not dissimilar to the tubing used to carry household and industrial electrical wiring. It comes with T sections and corners. Sizing and cutting will require some accuracy and I expect some kind of automation for repeat orders.I am more familiar with ducting where the duct consists of a channel and a cover and the sides of the channel are fingered so that wire can be brought out of the ducting close to the point of contact. It is possible to use cable ties inside the duct, but not really necessary as the wires are hidden by the cover.Figure 3. Ducts with the wires feeding out to connect to nearby devices. Note the cable glands on the lower right. (Source: Author) Now if your loom is attached to a moving assembly there is the chain cable carrier system which is a flexible duct system. It would be nice to design something with this one day.You have to remember to cater for the fact that the cable must pass through the side of a panel and must be protected from chafing against the sharp metal edges. There is the simple grommet edging or from my perspective, the better option of strain relief (aka cable gland) so the any external tugging at the cable is not transmitted to the connections inside the box.And finally – labelling the wires. There are several systems for wiring labels. The more dated approach involved preprinted markers that cater for a particular wire diameter that you slip over the wire one marker at a time to build the identity. There are also self-adhesive pre-printed characters on cards that work in a similar and you have to stick each one in turn onto the wire. I really dislike this approach. More modern systems use printed adhesive tape á la the Brother P-Touch that allows any text and almost any length. Brady is probably the best known in this field.I have provided links above to individual suppliers for all the parts. There are many alternatives and substitutes, some of them direct replacements. Any electrical supplier will carry a full range. Did I leave anything out? Do you use any other techniques, or do you use any techniques at all. Let me know in the comments below.Editor’s Note: Do you have examples of particularly good or exceptionally bad wiring? If so, send Max Maxfield or Steve Evanczuk a photo (jpeg, please) with a one- or two-sentence description along with the source of the photo (as Source: xxx) – see examples above – and if it’s your own photo, just use your name as the source. antedeluvian says: “As a comment to his blog “Do They Know that “Analog” Makes Digital TV Possible?”nhttp://www.planetanalog.com/author.asp?section_id=396&doc_id=564478&nBill Schweber points out a link to good and bad examples of cabling:nnhttp://www.cablinginst antedeluvian says: “How’s this?nhttps://image-store.slidesharecdn.com/618bfbe9-2e2d-439e-b079-94eea386898f-original.jpegn” Share this:TwitterFacebookLinkedInMoreRedditTumblrPinterestWhatsAppSkypePocketTelegram Tags: Design Methods Continue Reading Previous Want to win a rugged hand-held oscilloscope?Next Embedding custom real-time processing in a multi-gigasample high-speed digitizer February 3, 2017 at 1:57 pm 2 thoughts on “Tidy your wiring” December 27, 2016 at 11:00 pm Leave a Reply Cancel reply You must Register or Login to post a comment. 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Liverpool boss Klopp’s Christmas Message: Why these players so specialby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveLiverpool boss Jurgen Klopp has paid tribute to his players in his Christmas Day message.Klopp says a key to their success so far this season is the ability of his team to ignore “the noise” of the media and press.He told Liverpoolfc.com: “This is my fourth Christmas as the manager of this incredible football club and although I am not the kind of guy to allow myself to look backwards, I think it is fair to say we have had an incredible ride in 2018 with some real highs and a couple of disappointments.”That’s what gives me the confidence and belief there is more to come from these boys in 2019, that there is more to come from this journey we are all involved in.”We can – and should – all be proud of what the team have done so far this season, but this is only the beginning and there is still such a long way to go, both this season and in terms of what this group of players can achieve.”The best thing about these boys, and what has helped us have such a good start to the season, is they do not listen to the noise; they are 100 per cent every single day in training and every single matchday. We know when we say ‘one game at a time’ some people might consider it football talk, but that really is the way for us. It is the philosophy that has got us to where we are currently.” About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
Bournmouth boss Howe knows they’re fighting history against Spursby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveBournmouth boss Eddie Howe knows they’re fighting history against Tottenham today.Howe’s side have never beaten Tottenham in the top flight, losing five and drawing one of their six meetings and conceding 17 goals in the process.They have also lost all five meetings with the division’s top six clubs this season.Howe says his team must approach the game with attacking intent and relish what promises to be a stern test.”We’ve found the games against Tottenham difficult,” said Howe, whose team travel to Manchester United following the Spurs clash.”But we enjoy the challenge and we enjoy these types of moments where we haven’t achieved something yet and we are working towards it.”We expect to get something, that’s how we’ve always been, no matter who we play.”The reality is these games are very difficult so we’ve got to try and attack the games, I think that’s our best form of defence.” About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
LSU OL Jevonte DomondUpdate: LSU has suspended offensive lineman Jevonte Domond following his domestic violence arrest. #LSU has suspended OL Jevonte Domond. Les Miles has reached out to Domond but has yet to speak with him, Michael Bonnette says.— Ross Dellenger (@DellengerAdv) May 26, 2015Earlier: LSU offensive lineman Jevonte Domond has been arrested for an alleged felony domestic violence abuse battery with strangulation, according to police reports obtained by The Advocate. Domond, who transferred into the Tigers’ program from Glendale Community College (Arizona) last summer, played in one game last season. The details of the alleged incident are ugly. BREAKING: Booking records show #LSU OT Jevonte Domond was booked into EBR Prison on charges of Felony Domestic Abuse Battery w/Strangulation— Chandler Rome (@Chandler_Rome) May 26, 2015From the report: According to a Sheriff’s Office report, an argument occurred Monday afternoon between Domond and his fiancée. During the dispute, while she was leaning over the crib of their “newborn baby,” Domond allegedly “grabbed her from behind by the neck,” lifted her off the ground and dropped her, the report says.The woman told deputies she “began to lose consciousness,” the report says, and she “almost blacked out.” At some point during the argument, Domond allegedly grabbed a bandana from his fiancées head. In response, she sprayed him with pepper spray, the report says.The woman told deputies Domond then picked her up and “slammed her on the couch,” the report says. She also told them Domond bit her on her hip, prompting her to spray him again with pepper spray, the report says.You can read the rest of the report here. An LSU spokesman confirmed to The Advocate that the program is aware of the situation, though they have yet to officially comment on the matter. Domond, who is currently in East Baton Rouge Parish Jail, is reportedy scheduled to appear in court on Tuesday.
Image Courtesy: Philly ShipyardUS-based Philly Shipyard (PSI) has delivered the American Endurance, the first of four 50,000 dwt product tankers being built for American Petroleum Tankers (APT), a subsidiary of Kinder Morgan.The American Endurance is part of a USD 568 million agreement signed between Kinder Morgan and Philly Tankers in August 2015. Under the agreement, Kinder Morgan said it will take assignment of contracts for the construction of four new 50,000 dwt, Tier II tankers to be built at Philly Shipyard (formerly known as Aker Philadelphia Shipyard).Featuring a length of 183 meters and a width of 32.2 meters, the American Endurance has a carrying capacity of 14.5 million gallons of crude oil or refined products, according to the shipyard.The next generation product tanker is based on a Hyundai Mipo Dockyards (HMD) design that incorporates numerous fuel efficiency features, flexible cargo capability, and the latest regulatory requirements, Philly Shipyard said.The vessel was constructed with consideration for the use of LNG for propulsion in the future and has also received LNG Ready Level 1 approval from the American Bureau of Shipping (ABS).“Today’s delivery of our 25th vessel, aptly named the American Endurance, is a profound symbol of the shipbuilding legacy we have continued since re-opening in 1997. In collaboration with American Petroleum Tankers, we are proud of our contributions to renew the current tanker fleet with a more modern and environmentally friendly design,” Philly Shipyard said.The shipyard said it has commenced construction of three other 50,000 dwt tankers for APT, with the deliveries planned in 2017.
Following the crash of Ethiopian Airlines flight ET302 after takeoff from Addis Ababa this weekend, as an aviation journalist who writes regularly about safety, the answer one is always supposed to be able to give when asked if I trust the regulatory experts and would board a Boeing 737 MAX is an unqualified “yes”.But I could not give that unqualified “yes” if asked whether I would happily fly on a 737 MAX yesterday, and even less so today with a growing number of jurisdictions expressing concerns by grounding the aircraft while ET302 is investigated.Civil aviation authorities in Europe, the UK, Australia and Singapore have issued bans on the 737 MAX, and the numbers of airlines and jurisdictions refusing to allow the aircraft to be flown continue to grow. It remains unclear precisely what the regulators and airlines are looking to assess. Reading between some lines, it’s possible to speculate that, with the ET302 black boxes now found, they are looking for either similarities or differences to the JT610 crash five months ago. Boeing’s Maneuvering Characteristics Augmentation System (MCAS) software, the way it works, and how (or even whether) pilots have been trained to use it, will be under particular scrutiny.“The UK Civil Aviation Authority has been closely monitoring the situation,” said a spokesperson. “As we do not currently have sufficient information from the flight data recorder we have, as a precautionary measure, issued instructions to stop any commercial passenger flights from any operator arriving, departing or overflying UK airspace.”EASA has suspended all 737 MAX operations, saying in a statement: “As a precautionary measure, EASA has published today an Airworthiness Directive, effective as of 19:00 UTC, suspending all flight operations of all Boeing Model 737-8 MAX and 737-9 MAX aeroplanes in Europe. In addition EASA has published a Safety Directive, effective as of 19:00 UTC, suspending all commercial flights performed by third-country operators into, within or out of the EU of the above mentioned models.”In suspending MAX operations, Australia’s CASA said: “This is a temporary suspension while we wait for more information to review the safety risks of continued operations of the Boeing 737 MAX to and from Australia,” CEO and Director of Aviation Safety, Shane Carmody, explained. “CASA regrets any inconvenience to passengers but believes it is important to always put safety first.”In the United States, airlines continued to fly the aircraft – and have expressed confidence in the type – but the Association of Professional Flight Attendants representing American Airlines cabin crew confirmed to its members that they are not required to fly on the aircraft if they have safety concerns: “I contacted management again this morning with safety concerns of our Union and members flying this aircraft. Their current response is they will follow the normal fear of flying procedures. It is important for you to know that if you feel it is unsafe to work the 737 MAX, you will not be forced to fly it,” said APFA National President Lori Bassani in a statement. “You must contact crew schedule and your flight service manager who will remove you with a Personal Off (PO). While I have requested that the PO be non-chargeable, details must still be worked out. You may make up the flying via the regular methods available.”Any matter of aviation safety is a dread risk, the ultra-low probability, ultra-high impact events for which airline crashes are often used as the perfect example. Humans are notoriously poor at assessing dread risks, because the impact outweighs the likelihood in our minds, especially when we are not able to control the likelihood.That’s part of why fear of flying is common, yet fear of driving is much less so, despite the hugely greater likelihood and equally lethal impact potential of road traffic accidents. Even this journalist who could not give an unqualified “yes” to the 737 MAX would have few qualms about driving to the airport, objectively a more dangerous activity. But the fact is that travelers are worried about flying on the MAX, and to dismiss those worries as irrational misses the point.Having flown on the MAX, would I knowingly do so again right now? Image: John WaltonThe shrinking number of airlines who are still flying the MAX refuse to allow passengers to opt out without paying significant change fee penalties. The aircraft is perfectly safe, argue those airlines, and they are awaiting regulators’ directions. But it cannot be both acceptable for flight attendants not to be penalized for avoiding the MAX and for passengers to be penalized for doing so.It is easy for those within the industry to issue the standard line — with or without a tinge of derision about the great unwashed panicking over nothing — about waiting for the experts before jumping to conclusions. It is especially easy to do so from behind a keyboard rather than staring at the door of an aircraft that multiple regulators have grounded.Regulators are experts, and while there are of course geopolitical questions at play in certain regulator geographies, with the motives of China and Indonesia in grounding fleets possible to ascribe at least partly to wider contexts, it is hard to suggest that multiple uncoordinated regulators in the UK, Australia, Singapore and elsewhere have much to gain from grounding the MAX, let alone the growing numbers of airlines who have done so.From my perspective as a journalist who deals regularly with certification and regulators on safety issues, I have professional concerns about the level of regulation in a number of areas: from seat testing and passenger safety to emergency egress certification, the levels of real-world vs computer testing required, the amount of read-across that is permitted when certifying derivative models of airframes, the amount of self-certification that is allowed, and so on. Many of these concerns have been raised here by Runway Girl Network journalists, myself included.It would seem illogical and inconsistent if, having concerns about some aspects of the job safety regulators are doing, I did not apply that to other areas. Yet it’s equally illogical and inconsistent that I was driving and being driven in the Lazio region around Rome at speed last weekend, let alone crossing the road in that city, both activities that are much more likely to result in fatal injuries than getting on a 737 MAX.That combination of illogical and inconsistent approach is precisely why we need to wait for the experts to collect, analyze and report on the data: because we humans are bad at doing so.But the crux of the matter is this: are the concerns about the airworthiness of the 737 MAX sufficient to ground the aircraft while we await answers or not?The FAA, and most North American operators say no. A substantial part of the rest of the world says yes. That leaves travelers making an incredibly hard decision on whether or not to fly it, and in the age of passengers being increasingly mobile, social and vocal, it seems short-sighted for the diminishing numbers of airlines still operating the 737 MAX to put them there.Related Articles:North American carriers express confidence in MAX; union wants probeNTSB calls on FAA to fill the safety gap on Part 135 operationsExit row seating raises safety questionsNo room for error: How the design of cabin safety equipment worksAircraft seat size in the spotlight as FAA passes FAA reauthorizationFlyers Rights questions FAA evidence for not setting seat standardsPassenger rights gets a boost as EU interprets guidanceLion Air crash should remind us not to rush to judgmentAir accident cluster makes travelers fearful; should they worry?
Air France is to install fully flat seats without direct aisle access on its Airbus A330 fleet, with the first of the refurbished 36-passenger cabins in a 2-2-2 configuration now flying and more on the way through the end of next year.The seat, confirms vice president of customer experience Carole Peytavin to Runway Girl Network, is Stelia Aerospace’s Equinox 2D, a surprising choice for a wide variety of destinations, including some premium-heavy markets. Air France operates the A330 to several African destinations (Accra, Ouagadougou, Cotonou, Lagos, and Niamey), Bengaluru and Delhi, plus Chicago, Dallas, Houston and Seattle.Yet this is not the 3D version of Equinox, where the aisle-side passenger’s seat reclines to a lower level than the window-side passenger, Peytavin tells RGN. “After numerous tests and evaluations, both in-house and with our customers, Stelia [Equinox] 2D seemed to us to be more relevant in terms of comfort, ergonomics and accessibility.”The cabin is laid out in a 2-2-2 configuration. Image: Air FranceAir France and its design partners, says Peytavin, “have indeed worked a lot on the modularity of this seat. A sliding partition allows customers to isolate themselves and fully enjoy their privacy. On the other hand, for passengers traveling together, when the partition is open there is a real feeling of conviviality and sharing.”A small self-service bar area spruces up the door space. Image: Air FranceConviviality and sharing is not, however, a priority for most business travelers, who will be unimpressed by this seat and in particular the complexity of the maneuver required to climb from the window seat across the aisle passenger. The depth of Equinox’s large footwell space indeed makes this more difficult than some competing products.The overlap at foot level means that aisle access is more difficult than in some other fully flat beds. Image: Air FranceResponding to questions from RGN about aisle access, Peytavin explains that “the ergonomics and in particular accessibility have been permanent optimization criteria taken into account in the development of this seat. Aisle access is made easier by a relatively low seat, which is easy to ‘step over’ even when in the full-flat position.”Previous non-aisle-access seats on the Air France fleet have been angled lie-flat sloping sleepers, which have few benefits, but one is that feet close to the ground are easier to step over.Straddling a sleeping neighbor at mid-thigh is likely to prove less than satisfactory.Air France worked with Mark Collins at the Swiss design consultancy Design Investment on the seat, as part of its ongoing decade-long partnership with the company across business, premium economy and economy.The aesthetic of the cabin is a positive evolutionary update of previous generations, with grey fabric seat moquette, a fully dark blue seatback containing the inflight entertainment system (confirmed to be the RAVE system from Safran, formerly Zodiac) in front, and touches of a light beige in leather that brings a touch of warmth to what might otherwise feel somewhat sterile.The touches of dark blue and beige are an improvement on the previous generation of seat. Image: Air FranceWith key cabin refurbishments looming for a large part of the Air France fleet, Peytavin confirms that the airline has no plans to refine the existing Zodiac Cirrus seating on its 787 and 777 aircraft, declining to discuss either the A380 refurbishment that is scheduled for a 2020-2022 time window or the remaining aircraft in the longhaul fleet.However, alongside the Boeing 777 subfleet for the Caribbean and Indian Ocean routes the airline refers to as “14J” and uses primarily on leisure routes, “the 350 will be equipped with Safran’s Optima seat and we maintain the highest standards of quality and comfort,” Peytavin says, confirming to RGN that the 14J retrofit will take place this year and next.On balance, however, it seems surprising that the airline’s leisure and visiting-friends-and-relatives routes on the 777 14J fleet would be offered direct aisle access while the destinations served by the A330 — which are in some cases major business routes — sees a product that many business travelers will find sub-par.Related Articles:In Conversation: Goodbye to the A380 and hello to airplane mealsOp-Ed: Cathay Pacific finally vindicated for its A380 decisionAirbus ends A380 production with Emirates swap to A330neo & A350Air France promises premium #PaxEx, wifi and power upgradesAir France plumps for wildly diverse future business class seatsWhy premium economy on 787 is sweet spot for Air France, passengersAir France 787 business class dabbles with eleganceAir France rolling out restaurant style service in biz on more routesPaxEx 2017: Premium economy options move strength to strengthSeat certification bites as luxury-rebranded Stelia pauses CometPress Release: Air France selects Zodiac’s RAVE IFE for 15 A330s