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Loic Remy starts up front for Chelsea against Stoke as Diego Costa is short of fitness following a hamstring problem, while Cesar Azpilicueta and Oscar come in for Filipe Luis and Ramires. Jonathan Walters has been passed fit for the visitors despite nursing a calf problem. Chelsea: Courtois; Ivanovic, Cahill, Terry, Azpilicueta; Matic, Fabregas; Willian, Oscar, Hazard; Remy.Subs: Cech, Zouma, Filipe Luis, Ramires, Cuadrado, Drogba, Costa. Stoke: Begovic; Cameron, Shawcross, Wollscheid, Wilson; Ireland, Whelan, Nzonzi, Adam; Walters, Diouf.Subs: Butland, Bardsley, Pieters, Muniesa, Arnautovic, Sidwell, Crouch.Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
The enchanting Drakensberg Mountains are deemed to have a spiritual impact on visitors. (Image: Wikimedia) The sacred Lake Fundudzi captured from a distance. (Image: South African Tourism) One of the many waterfalls in the Hogsback valley. (Image: Tusafiri)Khanyi Magubane The sacred Lake Fundudzi situated in the mountainous area of Tshiavha village, north of South Africa, will soon be declared a national heritage site.The Limpopo Department of Arts and Culture has confirmed that processes to declare the enigmatic freshwater lake are at an advanced stage.Spokesperson for the department says the South African Heritage Resource Agency (SAHRA) is yet to decide on an official date for the declaration.SAHRA is a statutory organisation established under the National Heritage Resources Act of 1999, as the national administrative body responsible for the protection of South Africa’s cultural heritage.The great powers of Lake Fundudzi have been kept a closely guarded secret by the Vhavenda people, who have preserved it for generations.The lake is often associated with myth and legends of the Vhavenda people and is believed to be protected by a python god, who has to be pacified annually with gifts of traditionally brewed beer.As the legend goes, a Venda man, with a broken heart after losing a great love, in his sorrow walked into Lake Fundudzi and turned into a python.Outsiders are not permitted to visit the lake. Currently, only those granted special permission by the Netshiava royal family, can visit the lake.In Venda culture, the python is the god of fertility and maidens still perform the famous Domba-python dance in the sacred lake to honour this god.The young women form a line in which they hold on to the elbows of the maiden in front of them, and using their joint arms, make snake-like movements next to the lake to honour the god.Other myths around the lake include a story of mysterious “zombies” which live near at the lake and play the traditional Venda music known as Tshikona.The lake is surrounded by the Thathe Vondo forest, deemed to be so mystical and filled with spirits that few Venda people venture into it for fear of alleged hauntings and a lightning bird called “Ndadzi”.It’s believed that on the rare occasion that a visit to the lake is granted, visitors must turn their backs on the lake and view the water from between their legs.This ritual is called “Fundudzi” after which the lake is named.Visitors travelling to the Limpopo are able to get a glimpse of the lake, from above, when travelling along the surrounding mountains.The naming of Lake Fundudzi as a heritage site comes at a time when South Africa is celebrating heritage month, with 24 September marked as a public holiday to celebrate Heritage Day.Sacred South AfricaThere are a number of sites in South Africa that are considered to be sacred.The fertility caves in the eastern Free State, for instance, have served as a spiritual gathering place of prayer for over 800 years to various tribes and religions in and around southern Africa.Hogsback in the Eastern Cape is also regarded as a place of spiritual upliftment. Situated in the Amatola Mountains, it’s surrounded by large tracts of indigenous forest, and waterfalls with names such as Madonna and Child, and the Bridal Veil Cataract, Swallowtail and Kettlespout.In the Limpopo province, the forest of the rain queen, Modjadi, is highly regarded as a place of deep spirituality.The Modjadji Reserve is the birthplace of the famous lineage of Rain Queens of the Lobedu tribe, who are said to have mystical powers that can influence the rainfall.Mist usually surrounds the Modjadi village, and the Modjadi Cycad Reserve is said to be one of the most unique plant kingdoms in Africa.The Ukhahlamba-Drakensberg Park is one of the official World Heritage sites in South Africa. Originally known as the “Dragon Mountains”, the site offers waterfalls, mountain peaks and rocks decorated with San rock art.Once home to the ancient shamans and medicine men; the Drakensberg is also known for pilgrimages taken to the area for those who want to meditate peacefully.The San and Bushman rock painting are also said to represent the ritual called, the Great Dance. In this dance, the dancer goes into a trance, through which the San say they can harness a form of spiritual power that is like electricity. They use this power for healing, hunting, and making rain.Safari with a purposeFor travellers looking for holidays with a deeper meaning, Spiritual Safaris, a Western Cape based tourism company now offers tourists with a unique travel package.According to the company, the trip is structured in way that gives the traveller an opportunity to have a deeper connection with nature than that which is usually offered by mainstream tourism packages.The five-day tour consists of a five-hour train journey from Cape Town to the Karoo. On the first night the tourists will partake in stargazing with a professional guide.On the second and third day, the tourists get the opportunity to explore the Swartberg mountains and enjoy a talk by palaeontologist, Dr Judy Maquire.In addition to studying fossils, Maquire has extensive experience in working with the Bushmen. She has closely studied their survival as well as their use of food plants.Early birds can also enjoy a 5:30am walk to the nearby show grounds to watch horses in training. After breakfast, the group is then taken to a hidden valley in the heart of the Swartberg mountain range, described as “Die Hel”.On the fourth day, the tour moves to the southern Cape area of Gamkaskloof valley. Here, tourists have the opportunity to meditate, listen to nature and take time for reflection.On the last day of the tour, visitors enjoy a laid back morning, before a trip on a private jet after lunch, where they are jetted back to Cape Town.Many travellers claim that the tour is spiritually rejuvenating. On its website, there are testimonials posted where happy customers share their experiences.One particular satisfied customer, Judyie Al-Bilali from the US, says this of the trip, “It was deeply relaxing and at the same time had a spiritual intensity and a magnificent opportunity to connect with the natural world.“I started dreaming intensely in the Karoo and the dreams have continued, bright, complex, colourful, clear. There is undoubtedly a rich Shamanic tradition connected to the land.”Do you have queries or comments about this article? Email Khanyi Magubane at email@example.com.Related articlesHolidays that save the worldSA Safari Disney style The adventure starts here South Africa’s national parks World heritage in South Africa Useful linksSpiritual SafarisModjadji historySouth African Heritage Resources AgencyThe Drakensberg
Human development in South Africa is steadily rising, according to the United Nations Development Programme. In its 2015 Human Development Index (HDI), which ranks 188 countries, South Africa is improving in life expectancy at birth, average years of schooling and annual income per person. Presented here are some of the facts and figures from the index.For a more detailed look at the 2015 Human Development Index, read:Analysis: South Africa’s Performance in UNDP Human Development Report 2015
The Army on Saturday morning said it killed two unidentified infiltrators along the Line of control (LoC) in Machil sector of Kupwara.The soldiers manning the fence at Goutum Post near LoC had intercepted a group of militants. “After being challenged the militants opened fire triggering an encounter,” the army said. Two infiltrators were killed, said the army spokesman. The operation is on, he added.Ceasefire violationsMeanwhile, violation of ceasefire agreement by Pakistani troops continued for the second night in Jammu. A BSF spokesman said during the intervening night Pakistan troops resorted to firing with small and heavy weapons at Sai, Treva and Jabowal forward posts in Arnia Sector in Jammu.“Indian forces retaliated. The firing stopped on Saturday morning. No loss of life reported,” said the spokesman.However, some livestock were killed or Injured. “Two houses were damaged,’ said the spokesman. A BSF personnel was killed in ceasefire violation on Friday night in Jammu. Meanwhile, a Delhi court on Monday allowed the NIA to conduct custodial interrogation of two men, including a freelance photo-journalist, for three more days in alleged case of stone-throwing in Kashmir Valley and mobilising support against security personnel via the social media.
When an airline brands a route as a “shuttle”, a certain level of expectation kicks in. Frequent service, minimal time spent in the airport, and elevated onboard amenities are all expected. But as the amenities offered on board your everyday flight are elevated, does anything special remain about the shuttle flights?On a recent same day roundtrip with American Airlines Shuttle between New York LaGuardia and Boston Logan, very little stood out as elevated above the norm. As this was a same day turn, the reduced bag drop times didn’t matter, as it probably doesn’t for most business travelers. A dedicated check-in kiosk in 2019 isn’t a compelling perk, as many seasoned travelers check in and receive their boarding pass on their phone. While American does not offer a dedicated security lane for Shuttle passengers, TSA PreCheck supersedes that need for many, anyway.Another airport-based perk of the Shuttle could be boarding gates close to security and the curb. This would enable a dashing passenger to pass through security and get to the gate or out to a cab quickly, saving precious seconds. Unfortunately, American doesn’t actually seem to do this at LaGuardia or Boston.Both of my flights departed from and arrived at gates particularly far from the curb. In the case of LaGuardia, the gates were as far down the concourse as possible. Not that either of these airports are huge, but two minutes is two minutes. The American Shuttle website mentions “quick deplaning from the front or rear door”, but that didn’t happen at either end of my trip.I arrived at LaGuardia a bit early for my 8am flight, early enough to see the tail end of boarding for the 7am flight. Although there was space available, a change fee of $75 would be required to hop on board. The American and Delta shuttles don’t allow for free flight changes, further watering down the appeal of a shuttle.Boarding began a few moments after the arrival of the Embraer E190 from Boston. The E190 makes for the perfect shuttle route aircraft. A First Class cabin allows for upgrades and a sizable Main Cabin in a 2-2 economy configuration make for a comfortable ride. The E190 will be exiting American’s fleet soon, likely to be replaced with the equally comfortable but smaller E175.The E190 is perfect for shuttle operations in your writer’s opinion. Image: Jason RabinowitzThe weather was merciful that day, and both of my flights pushed back and departed without delay. Once in the air the flight attendants quickly sprang into action. One of the few tangible perks of the Shuttle is free snacks, beer and wine in the Main Cabin. I choose a cup of water on the outbound flight, while the snack was a run-of-the-mill Biscoff cookie offered on just about every other American flight. The flight was so quick that the flight attendant had to cheer me on by quietly chanting “chug chug chug” as she collected trash before landing.A quick snack for a quick flight. Image: Jason RabinowitzI enjoyed a solid Goose Island IPA on the return, along with the standard bag of pretzels common on daytime American flights. That beer turned out to be the only tangible perk of these two Shuttle flights.Image: Jason RabinowitzThe E190 features Gogo’s original air-to-ground (ATG) network and free streaming entertainment, though neither are particularly useful on this route. Flights on this route hardly spend any time above 10,000 feet, providing about 10-15 minutes of usable access.A fast connection in that it was over fast. Image: Jason RabinowitzOnce the system activated, “full flight” connectivity cost $10, which is a laughably bad deal, working out to nearly $1 per minute of usable airtime. My T-Mobile promotion for an hour of free access provided me with all the time I could get.Image: Jason RabinowitzWhen my meetings wrapped up early I decided to change to an earlier flight home. The American app isn’t the most robust out there, but this function is supported. I forked over the $75 to move from the 7pm to 5pm flight, but the app errored out while processing the change. The change was made on the backend, thankfully. With the Boston traffic Gods smiling, I made it to Logan in record time, and the gate agents for the 4pm flight allowed me to change once again since I had already paid the $75 fee.These two Shuttle flights felt like any other. The Shuttle term has become so watered down that I’m not sure if it even means anything anymore. Gone are the days of standby aircraft for full flights and a meal for all passengers. There are plenty of other routes with shuttle-like frequency as well, such as LaGuardia to Dallas. Both of my flights arrived early, and at the end of the day, that’s what matters most to me.Related Articles:Room for improvement in first class on Alaska Boeing 737-900Delta has good reason to be proud of Delta One SuitesWhy I always say yes to Spirit Airlines’ Big Front SeatAlaska versus JetBlue: A study in transcon PaxEx outside the Big ThreeDelta hits a home run with Airbus A220 passenger experienceRegional airlines up their game to meet customer expectations
Lufthansa Systems today announced that it is presenting an expanded BoardConnect portfolio at this year’s Aircraft Interiors Expo (AIX) in Hamburg. The airline IT specialist is responding to changing demand in the market and the different needs of airlines and partners.“BoardConnect is the perfect open platform for combining all of the features desired in the field of inflight entertainment & connectivity (IFEC) to further improve the passenger experience. We work with various partners to offer airlines exactly what they are looking for,” said Jan-Peter Gänse, Head of Passenger Experience Solutions at Lufthansa Systems. “In order to meet customer requirements even more precisely, our portfolio will now distinguish between solutions for airlines and partners.”BoardConnect DockWith its new BoardConnect Dock solution, Lufthansa Systems is providing technology, content and financing partners with a BoardConnect framework for creating their own onboard program. Depending on the partner, this might include a connectivity portal, classic IFE content or a platform with booking options and targeted advertising to generate additional revenue. This approach is reflected in successful projects carried out with Epteca at AirEuropa and Mahata Aero Teknologi for Citilink, and Garuda Indonesia.For its refinancing models, Lufthansa Systems is additionally working with providers such as WhileFly and repay.me. In terms of content providers, its partner network includes Touch, Lasker, IMM and PXCOM, and is supplemented on a technical level by IMD, optile, INADVIA, RIM and Lufthansa Technik.BoardConnectBoardConnect is Lufthansa Systems’ complete solution for the digital passenger experience that continues to address airlines of all sizes with different business models. In addition to traditional IFE features such as moving maps, movies, music, games and destination information, customers can choose the content they want from a wide range of services available through Lufthansa Systems’ strong partner network. This content can also be provided simply and easily from the cloud if desired.Visit Lufthansa Systems from April 2 to 4 at AIX at stand #4B11.Caption (Copyright: Lufthansa Systems): For an even better passenger experience – Lufthansa Systems presents new BoardConnect portfolioAbout Lufthansa SystemsLufthansa Systems GmbH & Co. KG is a leading airline IT provider. Based on long-term project experience, a deep understanding of complex business processes and strong technological know-how, the company provides consulting and IT services for the global aviation industry. More than 350 customers worldwide rely on the know-how of IT specialists at Lufthansa Systems. Its portfolio covers innovative IT products and services which provide added value for its customers in terms of enhanced efficiency, reduced costs or increased profits. Headquartered in Raunheim near Frankfurt/Main, Germany, Lufthansa Systems has offices in 16 other countries.
ThinKom Solutions, Inc., today announced the successful completion of in-flight connectivity trials of its ThinAir® Ka2517 phased-array antenna mounted on the Proteus high-altitude long-endurance aircraft.The Proteus satellite data communication package was developed as a joint effort involving ThinKom, Inmarsat Government and Scaled Composites. The trials included initial tests in Chantilly, Virginia and the Mojave Air and Space Port, California, culminating in a series of demo flights at White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico.The ThinAir antenna delivered a 25 Mbps return link and a 5 Mbps forward link operating at over 50,000 feet altitude through an Inmarsat Global Xpress Ka-band satellite in geostationary orbit. The phased array maintained connectivity to the satellite each flight, including during take offs, in-flight maneuvers and landings. Further, the ThinAir antenna was able to send the full 25 Mbps from the aircraft at an elevation angle of 25 degrees, while providing data rates of 12 Mbps at elevation angles as low as 15 degrees.ThinKom supplied the Ka2517 phased-array antenna in a low-profile 7.8-inch high radome, along with an adaptor plate, antenna controller and transceiver electronics. Scaled Composites designed and built a custom fairing to mount the radome on the aircraft’s fuselage and integrated the ThinKom system with the payload on the aircraft.Inmarsat Government developed and provided the system’s modem manager, PRO-MODMAN, designed specifically for the Ka2517 to operate on Inmarsat Global Xpress Ka-band steerable beams. The PRO-MODMAN integrates the capability of a DVB S2X modem with the flexibility of an OpenAMIP configurable system controller.“These successful in-flight demonstrations further validate the ThinAir Ka2517’s capability to provide uninterrupted broadband connectivity with near-zero aerodynamic drag – an important consideration for many classes of UAVs and long-endurance missions flying at extreme altitudes,” said Bill Milroy, Chief Technology Officer of ThinKom Solutions. “I would like to thank the superb engineering teams from Inmarsat Government and Scaled Composites who worked with us to achieve this important milestone. This was truly a team effort.”“Inmarsat Government was pleased to support this important joint demonstration using the Inmarsat Global Xpress capability. The results of the trials proved, once again, that highly mobile government customers can rely on Global Xpress – a globally-available high-throughput, flexible and interoperable connectivity solution that provides coverage wherever and whenever required,” said Steve Gizinski, Chief Technology Officer, Inmarsat Government.Proteus is a twin-turbofan tandem-wing aircraft originally developed and built by Scaled Composites in 1998. It is currently owned and operated by Scaled Composites. The experimental aircraft is designed to carry payloads up to 2,000 lbs. at altitudes from 50,000 to 63,000 feet and remain on station more than 14 hours. It is intended to support the demonstration of piloted and UAV missions, including telecommunications, reconnaissance, atmospheric research, commercial imaging and space launch.Photo Caption: ThinKom Ka-band phased array antenna mounted on Proteus aircraft.About ThinKom Solutions, Inc.ThinKom Solutions, Inc. is a leading provider of innovative highly affordable compact broadband antennas and products for aeronautical, vehicular and man-portable applications. The company’s primary products uniquely enable near-term worldwide availability of high-data-rate connectivity in the Ka-, X-, Ku-, and Q-bands. ThinKom offers a range of reliable, proven technology solutions for the consumer, enterprise, first responder, civil, military and intelligence communities.About Inmarsat GovernmentThe U.S. government has relied on and trusted Inmarsat satellite services since 1979. Inmarsat Government continues to deliver the world’s most advanced global, mobile satellite communication services to U.S. defense, intelligence, homeland security, public safety and civilian agencies, with highly reliable, secure and affordable connectivity. Built with government users in mind, Inmarsat Government provides resilient, flexible capabilities to augment government satellite resources, anytime, anywhere. Leveraging an industry-leading scalable multiband network infrastructure, Inmarsat Government offers a suite of managed network services and end-to-end communication solutions to support users on land, at sea and in the air, even in the world’s most remote regions. Headquartered in Reston, Virginia, Inmarsat Government is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Inmarsat plc.About Scaled CompositesScaled Composites is an American aerospace company founded by Burt Rutan that is located at the Mojave Air and Space Port, Mojave, California. Founded to develop experimental aircraft, the company now focuses on designing and developing concept craft and prototype fabrication processes for aircraft and other vehicles.
Completed in 15 months, the acquisition of Gemalto by Thales for €4.8 billion creates a Group on a new scale and a global leader in digital identity and security employing 80,000 people.The larger Thales will master all the technologies underpinning the critical decision chain for companies, organisations and governments. Incorporating the talent and technologies of Gemalto, Thales will develop secure solutions to address the major challenges faced by our societies, such as unmanned air traffic management, data and network cybersecurity, airport security or financial transaction security.This combination creates a world-class leader with an unrivalled portfolio of digital identity and security solutions based on technologies such as biometry, data protection, and, more broadly, cybersecurity. Thales will thus provide a seamless response to customers, including critical infrastructure providers such as banks, telecom operators, government agencies, utilities and other industries as they step up to the challenges of identifying people and objects and keeping data secure.Research and development: inventing the world of tomorrowThales and Gemalto share a passion for the advanced technologies that serve as a common foundation and focus for their 80,000 employees. Research and development (R&D) is at the core of the new Group, with its 3,000 researchers and 28,000 engineers dedicated to R&D. Thales has been developing state-of-the-art technologies to meet the most demanding requirements of customers around the world for decades. Today the Group has become a giant laboratory inventing the world of tomorrow, with a portfolio of 20,500 patents, of which more than 400 new ones were registered in 2018.Technological synergiesThe new Thales will cover the entire critical decision chain in an increasingly interconnected and vulnerable world, with capabilities spanning software development, data processing, real-time decision support, connectivity and end-to-end network management.With €1 billion a year devoted to self-funded R&D, the Group will continue to innovate in its key markets, drawing in particular on its world-class digital expertise in the Internet of Things, Big Data, artificial intelligence and cybersecurity. The first illustrations are as wide as the Group’s portfolio:Banking: Big Data analyticsDefence: biometricsAerospace: unmanned traffic managementGround transportation: Internet of ThingsSpace: Internet of ThingsTelecommunications: Big Data analyticsAn extended global footprintFollowing this acquisition, Gemalto will form one of Thales’s seven global divisions, to be named Digital Identity and Security (DIS). Gemalto will interact with all of the Group’s civil and defence customers and will significantly strengthen its industrial presence in 68 countries. Thales will considerably expand its operations in Latin America (2,500 employees, up from 600), triple its presence in Northern Asia (1,980, from 700), Southeast Asia (2,500, from 800) and India (1,150, from 400) and North America (6,660 employees, up from 4,600).“With Gemalto, a global leader in digital identification and data protection, Thales has acquired a set of highly complementary technologies and competencies with applications in all of our five vertical markets, which are now redefined as aerospace; space; ground transportation; digital identity and security; and defence and security. These are the smart technologies that help people make the best choices at every decisive moment. The acquisition is a turning point for the Group’s 80,000 employees. Together, we are creating a giant in digital identity and security with the capabilities to compete in the big leagues worldwide.” Patrice Caine, Chairman and CEO, ThalesAbout ThalesThe people who make the world go round – they rely on Thales. Our customers come to us with big ambitions: to make life better, to keep us safer. Combining a unique diversity of expertise, talents and cultures, our architects design and deliver extraordinary high technology solutions. Solutions that make tomorrow possible, today. From the bottom of the oceans to the depths of space and cyberspace, we help our customers think smarter and act faster – mastering ever greater complexity at every decisive moment along the way.Thales generated revenues of €19 billion in 2018 with 80,000 employees in 68 countries.
Inmarsat, the world leader in global mobile satellite communications, today announced that its Indian telecommunications partner, BSNL, has received an In-Flight and Maritime Connectivity (IFMC) license from the Government of India’s Department of Telecommunications.The issuing of the license marks a major step for Inmarsat’s services in the Indian connectivity market. BSNL is now approved to offer IFMC services, which will include Inmarsat’s Global Xpress (Ka-band) and SwiftBroadband and FleetBroadband (L-band) services, to Indian airlines operating within and outside India, as well as foreign airlines transiting through Indian airspace, and shipping companies operating within Indian waters.Inmarsat and BSNL are expected to commence services later this year once the ground infrastructure and associated approvals are in place.Inmarsat owns and operates the award-winning GX Aviation service, which enables passengers to browse the internet, stream videos, check social media and much more during their flights, with connectivity comparable to mobile broadband services on the ground. It is the world’s first and only global, high-speed inflight internet service, delivered through a single, wholly-owned and operated network of high-throughput satellites.GX Aviation is already being used by world leading airlines, such as Qatar Airways, Singapore Airlines, Lufthansa and Air New Zealand. BNSL and Inmarsat’s GX Aviation Value Added Resellers (VARs) will be able to offer the world-leading inflight Wi-Fi experience to domestic customers in India. The license will also benefit foreign airlines transiting through in Indian airspace and flying to and from Indian airport hubs.In the maritime sector, Inmarsat operates its award-winning (Ka-band) Fleet Xpress service with unlimited FleetBroadband (L-Band) back-up, which is now installed on over 6,000 vessels and has emerged as the market-leading pathway to digitalisation in the shipping industry and is helping world-leading shipowners and managers deliver improved vessel and fleet efficiency, boost profitability and enhance seafarer wellbeing.Shri Anupam Shrivastava, Chairman and Managing Director of BSNL said: “BSNL and Inmarsat have worked together closely for decades and this announcement further strengthens our relationship, expanding our partnership from GSPS to GX services. This an exciting step, particularly for India’s fast-growing aviation sector. Soon airlines and their passengers will be able to reap the benefits of world-leading, seamless, high-speed connectivity.”Gautam Sharma, Managing Director of Inmarsat India, said: “This issuing of this license is a key milestone in bringing reliable, high-speed connectivity services to India’s maritime and aviation industries and customers. India is one of the fastest-growing markets in the world for air travel, with annual passenger numbers consistently increasing. The provision of Inmarsat’s next-generation GX Aviation service and Fleet Xpress will be a game-changer for both Indian and foreign airlines operating in the region and for shipping companies operating in Indian waters.”About Inmarsat Inmarsat is the world leader in global, mobile satellite communications. It owns and operates the world’s best global portfolio of satellite networks, specifically designed for customer mobility, and holds a multi-layered, global spectrum portfolio, covering L-band, Ka-band and S-band, enabling unparalleled breadth and diversity in the solutions it provides. Inmarsat’s long established global distribution network includes not only the world’s leading channel partners but also its own strong direct retail capabilities, enabling end to end customer service assurance. The company has an unrivalled track record of operating the world’s most reliable global mobile satellite networks, sustaining business and mission critical safety & operational applications for 40 years. It is also a major driving force behind technological innovation in mobile satellite communications, sustaining its leadership through a substantial investment and a powerful network of technology and manufacturing partners. Inmarsat operates across a diversified portfolio of sectors with the financial resources to fund its business strategy and holds leading positions in the Maritime, Government and Aviation satcoms markets, operating consistently as a trusted, responsive and high quality partner to its customers across the globe.