Christopher Tolkien, son of Lord of the Rings author, dies aged 95 Bicol riders extend help to Taal evacuees Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Jury of 7 men, 5 women selected for Harvey Weinstein rape trial Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew Volcano watch: Island fissures steaming, lake water receding Jiro Manio arrested for stabbing man in Marikina Mylene Paat led HD Spikers with 20 points while Rachel Ann Daquis added 14.Mary Anne Mendrez and Judith Abil combined for 32 markers for the Iron Lady Warriors. Justin Robert ValenciaSports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next “The first set loss was because of the low attitude of my team, however, I reminded them of our game plan and what did we practice,” Cignal head coach Edgar Barroga said in Filipino.Ahead 9-8 in the third set, HD Spikers unloaded a 6-0 run to pull away for good.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSAfter winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folkSPORTSTim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crownCignal took advantage of the blocking department with eight while the Iron Lady Warriors only swatted six.The loss dropped Cherrylume to 0-2. In fight vs corruption, Duterte now points to Ayala, MVP companies as ‘big fish’ Cignal averted an upset and overcame Cherrylume, 19-25, 26-24, 25-21, 25-22, for its first win in the 2018 Chooks-to-Go Philippine Superliga Invitational on Tuesday at Filoil Flying V Centre in San Juan.A quick 3-1 sprint in the fourth set capped by an AC Masangkay drop ball sealed the victory.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ Cloudy skies over Luzon due to amihan Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award Senegal, coach Cisse look to recreate 2002 World Cup magic LATEST STORIES Taal victims get help from Kalayaan town View comments
MOST READ Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Corruption was scrubbed as an official misdemeanor during secret meetings where executives executed the first overhaul of the code since a wave of scandals left soccer’s governing body “clinically dead” by 2015. That was the hyperbole used by Gianni Infantino during a speech at the World Cup in June boasting of his own apparent achievements cleaning up FIFA.But in two years as FIFA president, Infantino has been accused of violating governance rules and forcing out officials who threatened his position.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSAfter winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folkSPORTSTim Cone still willing to coach Gilas but admits decision won’t be ‘simple yes or no’It will be even easier now for FIFA to banish critics.A new offense has been introduced in the ethics code — defamation. There are no specific examples, providing flexibility for the ethics committee to decide on the burden of proof — as with all cases. LATEST STORIES Judy Ann’s 1st project for 2020 is giving her a ‘stomachache’ Peza offers relief to ecozone firms A player holds his head as he lies on the pitch. APLONDON, United Kingdom — FIFA has officially eradicated corruption. All it took was pressing the delete key.Soccer officials and players who bother checking out the new code of ethics governing their conduct will find the word “corruption” missing. They will also discover how to now avoid being banned for paying and receiving bribes.ADVERTISEMENT Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award Palace OKs total deployment ban on Kuwait OFWs ‘High crimes and misdemeanors’: Trump impeachment trial begins Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Former WWE star Jim ‘The Anvil’ Neidhart dies at 63 Gov’t in no rush to rescue animals in Taal The 2012 code said “prosecution for bribery and corruption” was not subject to a “limitation period.” However long it took investigators to uncover offenses, you could still be sanctioned.But section 12.1 of the new code states, “Bribery, misappropriation of funds and manipulation of football matches or competitions may no longer be prosecuted after a lapse of ten years.”The message to soccer officials not deterred from seeking to profit from bribery and fraud by the criminal cases: As long as the misdemeanor is not discovered for 10 years you will be in the clear at FIFA.Ethics prosecutors now only have five years to complete cases into other general breaches of the code — half the previous time permitted to uncover wrongdoing.The new code does allow the lead ethics prosecutor Maria Claudia Rojas to enter into plea bargains to resolve cases that do not involve bribery, misappropriation of funds or match fixing. But that could add another layer of murkiness and secrecy, keeping cases hidden from public view.“The new FIFA is a democracy it is not a dictatorship,” Infantino told FIFA members during an address in 2017. “It is a transparent organization … a deeply honest organization.”But ask for clarity on changes to the ethics code that helped to banish a raft of unscrupulous officials and there is little willingness to be transparent. FIFA was ill-prepared to respond to questions following an Associated Press review of the new code ahead of its implementation. The Zurich-based body only says the changes were based on proposals from the ethics committee, who soccer fans never get to hear from.During their first years in the job, the heads of the investigatory and adjuratory chambers of the ethics committees have been blocked from speaking to the media by FIFA.FIFA finally has found more compliant scrutineers of ethics. The previous judge and prosecutor were ousted in 2017 by Infantino, prompting them to claim FIFA’s integrity was being jeopardized by the president.After the revamp to the ethics code — approved in private by the FIFA Council — soccer’s resolve to kick out the crooks still seems ambiguous. Particularly when the very word corruption has been purged. /cbb In fight vs corruption, Duterte now points to Ayala, MVP companies as ‘big fish’ Nadine Lustre’s phone stolen in Brazil DepEd’s Taal challenge: 30K students displaced “Persons bound by this code are forbidden from making any public statements of a defamatory nature towards FIFA and/or towards any other person bound by this code in the context of FIFA events,” section 22.2 of the new code states.Those found to have defamed FIFA will be banned from any football-related activities for up to two years and they can be booted out for five years for repeated “serious cases.”The vagueness provides leeway for FIFA, through theoretically independent ethics organs, to punish detractors.The ethics code was first introduced in 2004 by Sepp Blatter to provide a veneer of probity for an organization abused for personal gain by so many for decades. Of course, Blatter was expelled from the FIFA presidency for financial misconduct in 2015 by the ethics committees he created. Blatter’s toppling came amid the fallout from American prosecutors indicting dozens of football officials and entities for corruption — the concept now erased by FIFA from its principle English-language ethics documents.Bribery is still prohibited in the ethics code, but the ability to prosecute cases has been weakened.ADVERTISEMENT View comments
The Province of British Columbia, Canada will dedicate the Great Bear Rainforest to The Queen’s Commonwealth Canopy (QCC), a pan-Commonwealth forest conservation initiative in Her Majesty The Queen’s name.The announcement was made by the Premier of British Columbia, Christy Clark.Great Bear RainforestThe Great Bear Rainforest is an iconic and globally significant area covering 6.4 million hectares along the central and north coast of British Columbia. It is home to a quarter of the earth’s temperate rainforest and 26 separate First Nations. It is also the only place in the world where the Kermode, or Spirit, Bear is found.Increasingly threatened by industrial logging, the Government of British Columbia passed historic legislation earlier this year to protect the Rainforest’s ecology and indigenous people.Making the announcement, Christy Clark said: “The Great Bear Rainforest is a global treasure, and all British Columbians have a stake in protecting it. The international recognition conferred by The Queen’s Commonwealth Canopy is something all British Columbians can be proud of.”Michael Lake CBE, Director of The Royal Commonwealth Society said: “The inclusion of the Great Bear Rainforest in The Queen’s Commonwealth Canopy highlights Canada’s on-going commitment to the Commonwealth and its leading role in conserving key ecological and indigenous peoples’ cultural values. The ecosystem-based management regime for British Columbia’s Great Bear Rainforest, developed in collaboration with First Nations, industry and environmental organisations, provides an example that other Commonwealth countries can look to when pursuing their own forest conservation agendas. The Society is proud of this important Commonwealth initiative, conceived in The Queen’s name and honouring Her commitment as Head of the Commonwealth.”Canada’s commitment to the QCC joins those previously received by Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, Belize, Jamaica, Malta, Mauritius, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Seychelles, Singapore, Sri Lanka, the United Kingdom and Zambia.The announcement comes before Their Royal Highnesses the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge travel to Canada for a Royal Tour later this month to visit British Columbia and the territory of Yukon. This will be the second tour to Canada by The Duke and Duchess who made their first visit in 2011.The Queen’s Commonwealth Canopy was launched in 2015 with the goal of uniting the Commonwealth’s 53 members in conserving forests for future generations.The Great Bear Rainforest is one of the planet’s largest intact temperate rainforests, covering 6.4 million hectares along the central and north coast of British Columbia.The World Wildlife Fund has ranked the Great Bear Rainforest as a globally outstanding ecosystem due to its biological diversity and rank.
The 48 year old soccer veteran holds quite an impressive resume. He is a former winger for professional clubs such as Ajax and Genoa, winning nine national as well as international titles with Ajax. He was also a member of the 1998 Netherlands’ European championship winning team.Along with experience on the pitch, Van’t Schip is also a seasoned bench boss, a career that began by coaching the Ajax youth club, eventually earning a spot as an assistant coach for the Netherlands’ national club from 2004 until 2008, during which the club qualified for the World Cup in Germany in 2006, as well as Euro 2008.Van’t Schip will replace Ignacio Ambriz, who will be leaving the club after a run of six defeats within the league and the Libertadores Cup. Since his reign as head coach began in January, Ambriz led the Chivas to four wins, three draws and five losses in the Clausura championship.- Advertisement -On Saturday, the Club was beaten by home rivals Atlas, losing all hope in playing in the quarter finals in The Apertura, the first of two championship tournaments in the Mexican Season, which begins in August.The newly acquired soccer coach has his work cut out for him, as out of this year’s 17 game season, Van’t Schip’s Chivas currently sit 15th with 15 points from 16 matches. Only the top eight teams qualify for a shot at the title.Guadalajara is Mexico’s most popular and successful club, boasting an impressive 11 league titles earned, their last being won in the 2006 Apertura.Advertisement
Head coach Joachim Loew, team manager Oliver Bierhoff and Koepke, all currently in northern Italy for a World Cup training camp, sent Karius a text message following Saturday’s final in Kiev.Koepke, a World Cup winner and European champion with Germany in the 1990s, slammed certain extremely critical remarks of the 24-year-old Karius in the wake of his two glaring mistakes.“It’s very borderline and totally incomprehensible on the part of experts with whom I played myself,” said Koepke, notably taking aim at former Germany star Lothar Matthaeus who called it the “worst goalkeeping display in the last 20 or 30 years”.“It’s a very brutal thing to experience,” added Koepke. “I hope he will be supported by Jurgen Klopp and by Liverpool so he can get through it.”0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Two dreadful mistakes from Loris Karius gifted goals to Karim Benzema and Gareth Bale in the Champions League final © AFP/File / LLUIS GENEBERLIN, Germany, May 29 – Germany’s coaching staff sent a message of support to Liverpool goalkeeper Loris Karius after his costly errors in the Champions League final defeat by Real Madrid, goalkeeping coach Andreas Koepke said Tuesday.“We have tried to help him pick himself him up and we wrote to him telling him to keep his head up,” said Koepke, the former Germany international.
Two months after asking federal officials to crack down on greenhouse gas emissions from ocean-bound ships, California Attorney General Jerry Brown will demand the same restrictions on airplanes today. Brown will announce at Los Angeles International Airport this morning that he is petitioning the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to enact tougher standards on pollution from airplanes. Joining in the petition are three states, including New Mexico, several environmental groups, the District of Columbia and New York City. “Aircraft are subject to only the most rudimentary emission controls for a limited set of conventional pollutants and no control whatever for greenhouse gas emissions,” according to Brown’s petition. Brown has called aviation “a large and rapidly growing source” of greenhouse gas emissions. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREPettersson scores another winner, Canucks beat KingsThe petition also says California is particularly at risk from melting ice caps, declining precipitation and rising temperature. The number of devastating wildfires will increase if global warming is not tackled, according to the petition. Representatives from the EPA were not immediately available for comment. The EPA has the legal authority to set such regulations because it already limits the emissions that cars produce, according to the petition. Brown said the Bush administration’s lack of action on global warming is why it took so long to focus on pollution from airliners. When asked if this current petition would make any immediate difference, he said, “I think it’s very important to lay out the record. Let Congress know. Let the world know.” The agency typically takes six months to respond to such requests. The petition asks the EPA to begin the formal process to limit greenhouse gas emissions from all aircraft arriving or departing from U.S. airports. Domestic flights accounted for about 97 percent of flights in 1999, according to the Attorney General’s Office. The petition also cites a Massachusetts Institute of Technology report to Congress that recommended several methods of increasing fuel efficiency and reducing aircraft greenhouse gases, including: increasing capacity at airports, use of single-engine taxiing and use of continuous rather than stepped descents. Both the European Parliament and the International Civil Aviation Organization — a United Nations agency — have approved some proposals dealing with aircraft emissions. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
Court documents unsealed Thursday claimed billionaire Ron Burkle tried to shortchange his wife by forcing her to accept an unsecured agreement that would pay her $30 million plus interest and a house if the couple ever divorced. An appeals court ordered the documents to be released after the California Supreme Court nullified a law Wednesday that critics said had been sought by Ron Burkle to shield financial records of people getting divorced. Lawyers for Janet Burkle, who filed for divorce in 2003, argued in the documents that her husband concealed pending mergers in 1997 – when the agreement was reached – that would create one of the largest supermarket chains in the nation. “Ron knew that he had already successfully negotiated two huge merger transactions generating many times $30 million,” her lawyers said. Ron Burkle, whose estimated personal wealth exceeds $2 billion, is also a well-known political contributor who has given millions of dollars mostly to Democratic candidates and campaigns. He’s also given more than $200,000 to Republican Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger and his campaigns. He cited the state privacy law in his case with his wife and argued that information about his business transactions and holdings should be kept confidential. Sensitive information is often blacked out of court records, but the law in question allowed the entire document to be sealed and did not give judges any discretion. Lawmakers have been mulling a less restrictive law, but an Assembly floor vote was postponed indefinitely last week. “Legally, we’re still sort of where we were the day before” with the appeals court decision, said Sen. Kevin Murray, D-Culver City, a sponsor of the revised bill. The current law must go back to the lower court and remains in abeyance, he said. Murray hopes to move his bill to a vote in the Assembly.160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREBasketball roundup: Sierra Canyon, Birmingham set to face off in tournament quarterfinalsThrough his Yucaipa Cos., Ron Burkle owned the Ralphs and Food 4 Less grocery chains. The 2nd District Court of Appeal sided Thursday with Ron Burkle, rejecting the claim that he had hidden assets. Burkle was pleased with the decision, said his attorney, Dennis Wasser. “After receiving the benefits of the settlement for several years, Mrs. Burkle simply decided she wanted more,” Wasser said. “It is unfortunate that Mr. Burkle’s desire for privacy was exploited as a tactic in this case.” Attorney Hillel Chodos, who represents Janet Burkle, did not immediately return phone calls seeking comment.
RALLY GETS OFF TO A FLYING START – IN PICTURES! was last modified: June 15th, 2012 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
DONEGAL JUNIOR LEAGUERESULTS SUNDAYBrian Mc Cormick Sports Premier DivisionCranford United 0 Gweedore Celtic 0 In a match that had everything apart from goals Gweedore Celtic went away happiest from this final day game for both teams. Cranford had the earliest chance when Shaun Mc Elwaine headed across the goal and Philip Buchanan was inches away from tapping home. Tommy Diver had Gweedore’s best chance when he fired a right foot shot just over the bar. The rest of the half was closely fought with most of the play around the midfield area. The second half saw Gweedore settle for the draw with Paul Rua and Kevin Friel doing well for the away way side. Cranford did have chances through a Kyle Black free kick and Micheal Mc Ginley header but the breakthrough just wouldn’t come. Cranford now await next weeks results with Gweedore Celtic looking ahead to their Ulster Cup final against Glengad. Best for Cranford were Arthur Lynch, Seamus Carr and Seamus Mc Laughlin. Best for Gweedore Ned Curran, Micheal Mc Kelvey and Kevin FrielUlster Junior ShieldMoville Celtic 0 Raphoe Town 1Raphoe Town will fly the Donegal Junior League flag in the inaugural final of the newly formed Ulster Junior Shield competition. Despite the disappointment of missing out on a promotion/relegation play-off spot on goals difference the East Donegal side lifted their spirits and went into this game with the intention of prolonging their season by another few weeks. In a first half dominated by Raphoe Jamie Gallagher scored what was to be the match winning goal. The second half saw Moville Celtic throw everything forward in an effort to get level but Raphoe managed to hold out and it is their name that is in the historic first ever final of this competition. Their opposition will come in the form of Inishowen League outfit Aileach F.C. and no final date is known at time of writing.SATURDAYOld Orchard Saturday Division OneRamelton Mariners 0 Glencar Celtic 8 On the day that Glencar Celtic were presented with their first ever League Title Trophy they met a Ramelton Mariners side who were unable to match them in any sector of the field. As the final scoreline suggests it was one way traffic from start to finish and many of the usual suspects added to their season’s tallies in the grey and black of the Letterkenny based outfit. Hat-tricks from Paddy Rafferty and Stephen Browne were added to by goals from Marty Brogan and Conor Crossan as the League Champions hit eight without reply. So it was off to celebrate the title for the Glencar Celtic players and for Ramelton Mariners it is a case of rebuilding for next season.Orchard F.C. 5 Mulroy Celtic 1Orchard F.C. claimed all three points from this match. In a tight first half Orchard opened the scoring on twenty minutes when Barney McMenamin broke down the left and slipped a ball through to Chucky Sweeny who slotted past the advancing keeper. The second goal came early in the second half when Luke Friel slotted home from inside the box. Orchard added a third on sixty minutes when Niall Bonner drilled his shot home from the edge of the box and Chucky Sweeney added his second and Orchard fourth on seventy minutes from close range. Mulroy pulled one back on seventy five minutes, a fine shot from the edge of the box. Niall Bonner wrapped up the scoring on eighty minutes when he finished from close range.Best For Orchard F.C. : Niall Bonner, John Boyle and Chic McLaughlin Beat for Mulroy : Team Performance. Referee : Victor RaineyGlencar Inn Saturday Division TwoArranmore United 1 Keadue Rovers Reserves 0Arranmore celebrated winning the league with a 1-0 win against local rivals Keadue Rovers Reserves. Keadue were intent on spoiling the party and threatened early on but David Sweeney couldn’t convert. Chris Mc Glanaghy wasted a good chance when he headed over from a Declan Proctor corner. It remained scoreless at the interval. Both sides had chances from set pieces in the 2nd half but neither keeper was tested. Arranmore got the winner in the 85minute as Paul Mc Garvey and Doalty Boyle combined for the latter to head home from 10 yards shortly after coming off the bench.Donegal Junior League Secretary Christina O’ Donnell was present to present Arranmore United team captain, Danny Rodgers, with the Glencar Inn Saturday Division Two cup at the end of the game. There were great scenes of jubilation around Rannagh Park, the attendance boosted by many locals who had returned home from various parts of the world to spend the Easter holidays. The switch to Saturday football has certainly proved to be the saviour of the countries only Island club. For this the club paid thanks to the League Executive and the other clubs who facilitated them in the switch.Glenree United Reserves 4 Gweedore United Reserves 3In glorious conditions in Glenree Park it was the home side that came out on top in the end in this promotion battle with Gweedore United. Gweedore opened the scoring in the 21st minute when Shaun Paul Mc Mahon was put through to beat the out rushing keeper. Both teams created a few half chances before the next goal was scored by Shane Gallagher who headed it into the top corner from a corner kick. Its stayed like this up to half time. Ten minutes into the second half Nicholas Nelis flicked the ball into the net from a corner to give the home side a fighting chance. The home side pushed hard for the equaliser but Gweedore stood strong and regained their two goal lead on the hour mark when, from another corner, Owen Debar finished well to make it a tough last 20 minutes for the home team. John Coll made an inspiring tactical decision to push big John Mc Clafferty into the middle of the field which released Ciaran ‘Macca’ Cunningham, a switch which would pay off later in the match. A free kick was won on the 74th minute. Reliable free kick taker Darren Connor stepped up to beat the keeper who misjudged the flight of the ball. Gweedore were starting to get a little nervy and it got worse for them when Macca spotted the keeper off his line and curled the ball into the top corner, with ten minutes remaining, to level the scoreline. The home side’s tails were up and Gweedore seemed to be out on their feet a little. The Glenree outfit went for the win as the away side seemed to be going defensive. Glenree put them to the sword in the 90th minute when another free kick was awarded 20yards out which invited Vinny Mc Laughlin to hit a sweetly struck shot and watch it sail past a helpless goalie. It was nothing less than what the home side deserved for their second half performance alone. Best for Gweedore United were Shaun Gallagher and Owen Debar. An outstanding team performance from the Glenree United Reserves outfit.WEDNESDAYBrian Mc Cormick Sports Premier DivisionCurragh Athletic 3 v 4 Milford UnitedSATURDAYOld Orchard Saturday Division OneRamelton Mariners 0 v 8 Glencar CelticOrchard F.C. 5 v 1 Mulroy CelticGlencar Inn Saturday Division TwoArranmore United 1 v 0 Keadue Rovers ReservesGlenree United Reserves 4 v 3 Gweedore United ReservesSUNDAYBrian Mc Cormick Sports Premier DivisionCranford United 0 v 0 Gweedore CelticMilford United P v P Glenea UnitedUlster Junior ShieldMoville Celtic 0 v 1 Raphoe TownDONEGAL LEAGUE – ALL THE REPORTS, RESULTS AND FIXTURES was last modified: April 20th, 2014 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:Donegal League
Gillespie went 4-0 for the week and helped lead Drake to wins over Middle Tennessee and Omaha. At No. 1 singles, he topped MT’s Gonzalo Morell and then ended his week with a 6-3, 6-3 win over Omaha’s Razvan Grigorescu, who is ranked 53rd nationally. In doubles, Gillespie teamed up with Ben Stride at No.1 and put together two dominating performances, beating MT’s Tom Moonen and Morell 6-1 and Omaha’s Colin Buckley and Grigorescu 6-3.Gillespie, who currently ranks 78th nationally in singles, holds a perfect 6-0 singles record and received his first weekly honor of the season on Jan. 24.The Bulldogs return action on Thursday when they head to Madison, Wis. to take on the University of Wisconsin. Print Friendly Version ST. LOUIS, Mo. – Drake University’s Vinny Gillespie was named Missouri Valley Conference Men’s Tennis Athlete of the Week for the second time this season, the league office announced on Tuesday, Feb. 14.