Resident trainee teachers who are attending the Cyril Potter College of Education (CPCE) are set to receive a 66 per cent increase in their stipends. This was according to President David Granger during his address on Thursday at the inaugural teachers’ conference.The Head of State noted that he would have recently met with education officials and the administrators of CPCE and instructed that the stipends should be increased.President David GrangerAlthough he did not specify when the increases will take effect, the President explained that larger sums of monies are to be pumped into the education sector, after first oil next year.“We do expect increased revenues from petroleum after 2020 and much of it will go to the Sovereign Wealth Fund but I have announced publicly that a significant portion will be devoted to public education”.Underscoring the crucial role that teachers play and the importance of their training, he noted that education standards would decline unless there is a core of trained and qualified teachers capable of upholding the standards that are expected.A section of the gathering at the conference on Thursday morning“Teacher training is vital to preparing our educators for the role which they are expected to play in ensuring quality and inclusive education for all…I presented only last week, more lab equipment donated by the People’s Republic of China to the CPCE which is responsible for training teachers”.Additionally, the President said that plans are also in the making to focus on having teachers benefit from tertiary education, in the future.“Every teacher also will have an opportunity to attend University and to benefit from improved teacher training. Educators are the sinews of the education system. They are central to achieving the aims of education, which are to produce graduates equipped with the knowledge, skills and values not only for their own personal development but for national development…”On Saturday, October 5, Guyana will join the rest of the world in celebrating World Teachers’ Day 2019. However, on Friday, public schools throughout the country will be closed to allow teachers to have the day off ahead of World Teachers’ Day.This was announced by Chief Education Officer Marcel Hutson last week via a memo that was dispatched to all teachers.“The Chief Education Officer recognises the outstanding contributions of teachers towards the transformation of the education system, and as such, would like to thank teachers for their invaluable service rendered,” Hutson said in the September 29, 2019 memo.Usually, the day off is granted on the date of World Teachers’ Day, but since that special day falls on a Saturday this year, the teachers are being given the day off on Friday.
The French player was seen bending over before falling to the ground in the seventh minute.The medical team quickly intervened and his teammates gathered around him but Gomis, who was taken off, was able to return within minutes and play the rest of the match.Gomis suffers from a vasovagal condition that makes him prone to fainting. Previous episodes took place during his career at Lyon and also when he was playing for Swansea against Tottenham in 2015.Gomis has had the condition, linked to low blood pressure, since childhood.He signed for Galatasaray in June last year from Swansea on a three-year deal.The Turkish team’s doctor said the club was fully aware of the situation when he signed.“This sometimes happens to me, it’s a situation completely linked to stress,” Gomis said after the game.“I did not have any issues after the incident, and I got out and played,” he was quoted as saying by Dogan news agency.Gomis said he was more concerned by the result than his health.“My only sadness today is that we were not victorious,” Gomis said, vowing that “I will continue like a lion.”0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Galatasaray’s Bafetimbi Gomis collapsed during a Super Lig match but returned to the field to complete the game © AFP/File / OZAN KOSEISTANBUL, Turkey, Feb 19 – Galatasaray striker Bafetimbi Gomis collapsed during a Turkish Super Lig game late Sunday, but insisted after the match that he would continue to play “like a lion”.The 32-year-old former Swansea City and Lyon player fainted early in the first half of the 2-1 defeat against Istanbul team Kasimpasa but returned to the field shortly afterwards after doctors gave permission.
Newcastle had twice come from behind through Christian Atsu and Salomon Rondon to cancel out goals from Virgil van Dijk and Salah.However, Jurgen Klopp’s men piled the pressure back on Manchester City by moving two points clear of the champions thanks to Origi’s header four minutes from time.The title remains in City’s hands as they have two games remaining to Liverpool’s one.However, in a recurring theme of a thrilling title race, Liverpool dug deep late on to continue asking questions of the champions.Faced with a difficult balancing act to strike between keeping Liverpool’s hopes of the title alive and preparing for Barcelona’s visit to Anfield in midweek, Klopp made four changes to the side beaten 3-0 in the first leg at the Camp Nou in midweek, while Roberto Firmino again missed out due to a minor groin tear.Trent Alexander-Arnold was one of those recalled and the England right-back was to have an eventful evening at both ends.The visitors’ showed no signs of tiredness early on as Salah twice fired off target at the back post, but Newcastle were orchestrators of their downfall when the opening goal arrived on 13 minutes.Alexander-Arnold’s corner found Van Dijk completely unmarked as Rondon slipped and the PFA’s Player of the Year powered home his fifth goal of the season.Newcastle had barely ventured over the halfway line in the first 20 minutes, but levelled with their first serious attack.Matt Ritchie’s driven cross was turned goalwards by Rondon, whose shot was saved on the line by the arm of Alexander-Arnold.A penalty and a red card would likely have followed for the Liverpool defender had Atsu not put home the rebound.All of a sudden Newcastle looked the more dangerous side as Ayoze Perez turned Van Dijk before smashing off the crossbar.However, an enthralling first 28 minutes took another twist when Alexander-Arnold made the most of his reprieve to still be on the field with his second assist of the night.His cross found Salah inside the area, but the Egyptian still had plenty to do as he cushioned a finish into the far corner on his weaker right foot to move two in front of teammate Sadio Mane and Sergio Aguero in the race for the Golden Boot.Mane could have made it 3-1 before the break when he was denied by Martin Dubravka and Daniel Sturridge, deputising for Firmino, also blazed over a golden opportunity early in the second period to Klopp’s dismay.Moments later that miss looked to be all the more costly as Liverpool did not clear their lines from a corner and the ball broke for Rondon to fire sweetly past the helpless Alisson Becker.Worse was to come for Liverpool as Salah was caught on the head by Dubravka as the Slovakian goalkeeper raced from his goal to punch the ball to safety.He was stretchered off, his hands over his face to applause from both sets of supporters.Without two thirds of their prolific frontline, Liverpool would have been forgiven for thinking their chase of City was up.But, not for the first time this season, Origi, who scored a 96th minute winner against Everton in the Merseyside derby in December, came off the bench to score a vital late goal as he got his head to Xherdan Shaqiri’s free-kick.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Divock Origi heads home Liverpool’s winner in a 3-2 victory at Newcastle© AFP Lindsey PARNABYNEWCASTLE, United Kingdom, May 5 – Liverpool struck late through Divock Origi to move back top of the Premier League with a thrilling 3-2 win at Newcastle on Saturday and keep their hopes of a first title for 29 years alive but suffered a major scare after injury to Mohamed Salah.Liverpool lost Salah to a head knock that will make him a doubt for Tuesday’s Champions League semi-final, second leg against Barcelona.
Champion Irish Shearer Ivan Scott, Letterkenny, Co. DonegalThe Donegal man who holds the sheep shearing world record made a special appearance yesterday at the National Ploughing Championships.Letterkenny man Ivan Scott (32) has led the flock in sheep shearing competitions since he moved to New Zealand and earned his first world record in the skill.Scott shore 736 lambs in eight hours in 2008. He claimed the title again in 2011 with 744 clippings. Training for such a title takes shear determination. Ivan would shear for nine hours a day, followed by weight lifting or rowing in the gym along with running for fitness, he told agriland.ie.Scott shares his time between Ireland, New Zealand and Switzerland. Ivan is captain of the Irish team for the World Sheep Shearing Competition next year. Training has already begun in the hopes of bleating the competition.GREAT SCOTT! DONEGAL SHEARING STAR AT PLOUGHING CHAMPIONSHIPS was last modified: September 26th, 2013 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Ivan Scottnational ploughing championshipsheep shearing
Donegal County Council and Finn Harps Schools Road Safety Arts Competition launch. Teacher Laura McGowan with her students Rachel Mitchelle, Kevin McColgan, Corey McGettigan and Roisin Brennan as they discuss poster ideas. Back from left are Kevin McHugh, Chantelle Grant, Seamus Neeley, County Manager, Joey O’Leary, Finn Harps Chairman, Frank McBrearty Donegal Mayor, Eamonn Browne, Donegal Road Safety Officer and John Campbell, Finn Harps. Pic: Clive WassonFinn Harps Football Club have teamed up with Donegal County Council to assist in the promotion of road safety in the county.On this occasion, Finn Harps have offered the Donegal Road Safety Working Group a free advertising hoarding in Finn Park to continue its ongoing commitment to raising the awareness of the dangers on our roads.The road safety advertising hoarding will be designed by a student from one of the county’s national schools through an open art competition. The competition was officially launched in Lifford by the Mayor Frank McBrearty and County Manager Seamus Neely.They were accompanied by Finn Harps Chairman Joey O’Leary, John Campbell Secretary Finn Harps and player Kevin McHughSpeaking at the launch Mayor McBrearty said, “We are delighted with the continued efforts of Finn Harps Football Club to assist us promote greater awareness of the dangers on our roads. This art competition will allow a tremendous amount of road safety learning in the schools and it will be a brilliant reward for the winner to have their work displayed in Finn Park for all to see.”Entries must be original and the applicant’s own work and should be on paper no larger than A3 size. Details are currently being sent to all national schools in the county and the competition has a closing date of the 22nd February 2013. Finn Harps Football in the Community Officer John Campbell said today: “Road safety is something we feel very strongly about and this competition offers the club an opportunity to give something back to the communities that support us. I am sure we will see some great artwork submitted and I look forward to seeing the winning design on the hoarding at Finn Park. We are delighted to continue working with Donegal County Council on such and important initiative.”Information on the competition can be obtained from Eamonn Brown, Donegal County Council on 074 9172 592 or John Campbell, Finn Harps on 083 3820755.The closing date for the competition is 22nd February 2013 and entries should be sent through the school to: The Road Safety Art Competition, Road Design Office, Donegal County Council, Lifford, Co. Donegal.******AS GAEILGE: 23/01/2013Preas-RáiteasDáta: ****Daltaí san iomaíocht do spota le Cláirseacha na Finne Tá Club Sacair Chláirseacha na Finne i ndiaidh dul i gcomhpháirt le Comhairle Contae Dhún na nGall chun cuidiú le sábháilteacht bhóthair a chur chun cinn sa chontae. An iarraidh seo, thairg Cláirseacha na Finne mórchlár fógraíochta saor in aisce i bPáirc na Finne do Mheitheal Sábháilteachta Bóthair Dhún na nGall le leanúint lena rún aird an phobail a dhíriú ar na contúirtí ar na bóithre.Trí chomórtas oscailte ealaíne dearfaidh dalta ó cheann de na scoileanna náisiúnta sa chontae an fógra margaíochta um shábháilteacht bhóthair. Is iad an Méara Proinsias Mac Briartaigh agus an Bainisteoir Contae Séamus Ó Conghaola a sheol an comórtas go hoifigiúil i Leifear. Ina gcuideachta bhí Joey O’Leary, Cathaoirleach Chláirseacha na Finne, John Campbell Rúnaí Chláirseacha na Finne agus an t-imreoir Kevin McHughAgus é ag labhairt ag an tseoladh is é a dúirt an Méara Mac Briartaigh “Tá muid an-sásta leis na hiarrachtaí leanúnacha atá á ndéanamh ag Club Sacair Chláirseacha na Finne cuidiú linn aird an phobail a dhíriú ar na contúirtí ar na bóithre. Cuirfidh an comórtas ealaíne seo go mór leis an fhoghlaim faoi shábháilteacht bhóthair sna scoileanna agus is duais iontach é don bhuaiteoir a obair ealaíne a bheith ar taispeáint i bPáirc na Finne mar a bhfeicfidh achan duine é.”Caithfidh gach iontráil a bheith go hiomlán úr, déanta ag an iarratasóir é nó í féin, agus ba chóir é a bheith ar pháipéar chan níos mó ná A3. Tá mionsonraí á gcur chuig gach scoil náisiúnta sa chontae san am i láthair agus is é an 22 Feabhra 2013 an dáta druidte don chomórtas.Dúirt John Campbell, Oifigeach um Shacar sa Phobal de chuid Chláirseacha na Finne, “Tá muid go mór ar son na sábháilteachta bóthair agus tugann an comórtas seo deis don chlub rud éigin a thabhairt ar ais do na pobail a thacaíonn linn. Tá mé cinnte go bhfeicfidh muid obair ealaíne den chéad scoth agus tá mé ag súil go mór leis an dearadh buacach a fheiceáil ar an fhógra poiblíochta i bPáirc na Finne. Tá lúcháir orainn leanúint lenár gcomhoibriú le Comhairle Contae Dhún na nGall ar thogra chomh tábhachtach leis seo.”Is féidir eolas a fháil faoin chomórtas ó Eamonn Brown, Comhairle Contae Dhún na nGall ar 074 9172 592 nó John Campbell Cláirseacha na Finne ar 083 3820755. Is é an dáta druidte don chomórtas ná 22 Feabhra 2013 agus ba chóir iarratais a chur fríd an scoil chuig: Comórtas Ealaíne Sábháilteachta Bóthair, An Oifig um Dhearadh Bóithre, Comhairle Contae Dhún na nGall, Leifear, Co. Dhún na nGall.DONEGAL COUNTY COUNCIL AND FINN HARPS LAUNCH ROAD SAFETY ART COMPETITION was last modified: January 23rd, 2013 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:DONEGAL COUNTY COUNCIL AND FINN HARPS LAUNCH ROAD SAFETY ART COMPETITION
A young man could not have been saved unless he had a George Best-style liver transplant after his drinking went out of control, a Donegal coroner’s court has been told.Coroner John CanonGrzegorz Skalacki, 31, began to drink heavily following the death of his mother in 2006. His condition reached crisis point in August, 2011 he was rushed to hospital after be began vomiting blood in front of his wife and only son at his home in Ardara.Less than 24 hours later he was pronounced dead at Letterkenny General Hospital.The court was told today that Grzegorz Poitr Skalacki of 2 Drumbarron Park, Ardara had moved to Ireland four years ago. He worked in Gallagher’s bakery in Ardara.The court heard evidence from Grzegorz’ wife, Marzena. He had been drinking heavily for a few days before his death on Sunday August 28, 2011. He had stomach pain and was vomiting blood.Mrs. Skalacki called an ambulance to take Grzegorz to Letterkenny General Hospital, while she stayed at home with their 8-year-old son.He died the next morning at 7.24am.Mrs. Skalacki wiped away tears as her evidence was read out to the court. She told Coroner Cannon that Grzegorz began drinking everyday after his mother died five years ago.Dr. Gerry O’Dowd gave evidence from the autopsy that showed Grzegorz had chronic liver problems, high blood pressure and fluid retention.Dr. O’Dowd said that any recovery for his condition would have only been possible through complete abstinence from alcohol. He referred to the footballer George Best.“George Best would have been a classic example of that. The only treatment would have been a liver transplant.” Dr O’Dowd said.Coroner John Cannon told the court that he found it unusual that Grzegorz did not take his prescribed medication after he had been to hospital the previous year, and he refused to get counselling for his alcohol problem.In his verdict, Coroner Cannon said “It’s a sad state of affairs that this man should be clasped in the grip of alcohol and did not seek refuge that was there.”The cause of death was ruled as shock from hepatic cirrhosis, secondary to haemorrhaging of oesophageal varices.ONLY A GEORGE BEST-STYLE LIVER TRANSPLANT COULD HAVE SAVED MAN, COURT TOLD was last modified: September 5th, 2013 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Coroner John CannondrinkGeorge Bestletterkennyliver
Judge Keenan Johnson: Refused appeal by McFaddenA CO DONEGAL man who fled a car crash scene leaving two people trapped inside another car has had a two-year driving ban upheld.John Paul McFadden, of Derryreel, Dunfanaghy, pleaded guilty in the District Court to offences relating to an incident at Teevickmoy, Ballybofey, on June 2, 20102. The 20-year-old had appealed to the Circuit Court against the driving ban after admitting dangerous driving and failing to remain at the scene of the crash.A young man and his girlfriend had to be later cut from the car McFadden drove into.It was overturned on its side and they had to be cut from their car by the fire brigade as McFadden ran off.A solicitor said McFadden had changed his ways, had started a FAS course to become a stonemason and need his license to travel to Gaoth Dobhair.Judge Keenan Johnson said however that McFadden had “scarpered” from the scene and it was fortunate no-one had been seriously injured in the crash.The judge said anyone who did this “cannot expect to keep your license.”He added: “I would be failing in my duty to society if I was to reduce that sentence – it just has to be disqualification for two years.”JUDGE REFUSES TO OVERTURN DRIVING BAN ON MAN WHO FLED CRASH SCENE was last modified: February 23rd, 2014 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:driving banFalcarraghjudge keenan johnson
College of the Redwoods baseball played its first home games of the 2018 season on Sunday and today, winning two of three against visiting College of the Siskiyous.“Anytime you can get a series win, it’s huge,” said Redwoods head coach Brad Morgan. “It’s always good to defend the home field.”On Sunday, Redwoods (5-7, 8-13) took game one by a score of 9-8 thanks to a 10th inning walk-off homer courtesy of Kyle Wallace, who batted 2-3 in the game as well. Hokeem Sadon started the day on the …
As reported here numerous times (e.g., 06/14/2004, 12/04/2003, 04/14/2003, 03/28/2003, 02/25/2003, 12/17/2002, 09/26/2002, 03/26/2002, 02/01/2002, 12/06/2001, 08/17/2001, 06/19/2001, 02/21/2001), cells have an elaborate interstate highway system with molecular trucks hauling cargo back and forth. Scientists have known that the cellular highways have polarities labeled plus and minus, and that molecular motors typically go one way. Some motors, like kinesin, drive only in the plus direction, while others, like dynein, go in the minus direction. Now, it is becoming apparent that most pieces of cargo have at least one of each kind of motor, with a stickshift that allows it to drive in forward or reverse. The state of our knowledge about bidirectional transport is explored by Michael Welte in the July 13 issue of Current Biology.1 Welte examines the evidence that many, maybe all, moving cargoes have bidirectional ability. In the microscope, certain organelles like mitochondria and melanosomes are seen to move back and forth rapidly, eventually making it to their target. Why is this, and how is it done? Does the organelle grab motors out of the cytoplasm? Are both motors working in a tug-o’war? Welte cites evidence against these possibilities, and suggests (although hard evidence needs to be found), that the cargo carries both motors, and a “complex coordination machinery … ensures that when one motor is actively engaged with the microtubule, the other motor is turned off.” Moreover, this coordination machinery, whatever it is, may be under the influence of regulatory enzymes. “If the coordination machinery can attach to cargo independent of the motors,” he surmises, “distinct variants of the coordination machinery could be targeted to different cargoes, thus allowing cargo-specific coordination and regulation.” It seems odd, though, that cargoes would undergo a back-and-forth random walk instead of making a beeline to the target. Welte figures there must be biological justification for this behavior, so he examines some possibilities:Economy: “If cargoes always carry motors for both directions, net transport can easily be adjusted or even reversed by simply tweaking the relative activity of the two motors. This is likely to be much quicker than assembling a new set of motors on a cargo, and also allows transport to be abruptly altered depending on cellular needs. It even makes it possible to tune the overall speed of transport by altering the relative contribution of trips in the non-dominant direction.”Setting Up Polarized Distributions: “Sometimes it is necessary to set up a distribution rather than to confine the organelles to a single point …. Even if cargoes accumulate at a certain point (e.g. near plus-ends when motion is biased in the plus-end direction), trips in the non-dominant direction will tend to spread the cargoes out along the tracks, away from the point of accumulation. Modeling shows that by altering the relative contributions of plus- and minus-end trips, a wide range of steep to flat steady-state distributions can be achieved.”Avoiding Obstacles and Exploring Space: “As cytoplasmic dynein often steps sidewise to adjacent proto-filaments, a bidirectional cargo could find itself on the opposite side of the microtubule even after a short minus-end excursion. If it now switches back to kinesin I, it can pass the obstacle. Bidirectionally moving cargoes should, therefore, be less likely to contribute to disastrous traffic jams …. The random walk of bidirectional cargoes allows a single cargo to explore a large region of cellular space, especially if tracks are disordered.”Error Correction: “During unidirectional transport, the critical event that determines directionality of motion is the attachment to either a plus- or minus-end motor. A wrong attachment will cause misdelivery of the cargo. During bidirectional transport, the net direction of transport is determined by the balance of plus- and minus-end trips and can, therefore, be continually evaluated and even altered if physiological conditions change. Thus, bidirectional transport may facilitate error correction.It must be remembered that these motors are operating in the dark without eyes, like automated railroad cars. They don’t have sentient drivers on radios, but rather respond to chemical signals in the environment. Apparently these behaviors achieve the best solution to many complex problems. “Bidirectional transport by opposite-polarity microtubule motors is just one example of multiple motors working together to achieve carefully choreographed transport,” Welte says, as he concludes with a list of open problems needing further elucidation.1Michael A. Welte, “Bidirectional Transport along Microtubules,” Current Biology, Volume 14, Issue 13, 13 July 2004, Pages R525-R537, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2004.06.045.Think of a 12-year-old kid on motorized rollerblades, one foot going forward, the other reverse. Imagine the tricks he could accomplish (with a little practice) switching from one foot to the other (or the bloody knees as he experiments the first time). Now make the wheels run on monorails. Imagine a complex tangle of rails, some blue, some red, going off in all directions, more dizzying than an amusement park roller coaster. The kid is supposed to put the left foot on the red rails and the right foot on the blue rails (one foot at a time, of course). Now hand him a package to deliver, and put a thousand other kids on the system going in all directions with packages of their own. The rails are also in constant motion, some growing and some shrinking. If the mental picture is becoming too complicated to dwell on further, just realize that something like this is happening in every cell of your body right now. This intracellular transport system is only a small part of a miniaturized city with many other vital tasks being performed flawlessly. The transportation system alone has a large infrastructure of support services. There are linemen for the monorails, pit crewmen for motor repair, traffic cops, construction crews, shippers, receivers and much more, without even considering what the cargoes are and what they do when they arrive. The interior of a cell is a whirlwind of constant activity, all necessary just to sustain life. Rocks do not do this. Evolutionists may jawbone about these systems emerging from chance and natural selection over millions of years of purposeless motion, but the more we can exhibit the details of cellular perfection, the less plausible their story is going to seem to any rational observer. This system is crying out for visualization. The wonder of intracellular transport would come alive if magnified a million times.2(Visited 10 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
27 June 2014The African Capacity for Immediate Response to Crises (ACIRC), a temporary standby force capable of responding quickly to crisis situations in Africa, is expected to be operational by October, South African President Jacob Zuma said at the conclusion of his working visit to Malabo, Equatorial Guinea on Thursday.The ACIRC will serve as an interim measure ahead of the establishment of a permanent African Standby Force, which was originally expected to be operational by 2015. Zuma proposed the concept of the ACIRC at last year’s African Union (AU) summit in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, where the proposal was endorsed.“In order to respond to crises on the continent, the AU Summit took a decision last year to operationalise the African Capacity for Immediate Response to Crises as an interim mechanism, until the African Standby Force is established”, Zuma said on Thursday.He said the countries that had volunteered to contribute resources to the ACIRC met during this week’s AU summit to discuss the state of readiness of the temporary standby force.“The African Union Commission concluded its verification visits to the contributing countries and presented a report on the framework for the operationalisation of the ACIRC, which was endorsed by the contributing countries,” Zuma said. “It is expected that the ACIRC will be launched by October 2014.”The AU envisions the ACIRC as an efficient, robust and credible force that can be deployed rapidly, either conducting operations of limited duration and aims, or paving the way for the deployment of larger AU and/or United Nations peace operations.Following a meeting in Addis Ababa in January, the AU decided that the force would comprise a pool of 5 000 troops made up of operational modules in the form of 1 500-strong battle groups. Command will rest with the AU Peace and Security Council, which will asses all requests for intervention by member states.On a voluntary basis, member states of the AU will contribute troops and finance for the AICRC to enable it to to act independently.In May last year, South Africa, Ethiopia and Uganda were the first support the initiative and pledged to provide troops should the need arise.SAinfo reporter