Ben Affleck Through the Years

first_img– Advertisement – However, the film Good Will Hunting — which he cowrote with Damon — skyrocketed him to fame in 1997. Affleck told Boston Magazine in 2013 that the pair fleshed out the story after Damon began writing the script for a playwriting class he was taking at Harvard University.“We came up with this idea of the brilliant kid and his townie friends, where he was special and the government wanted to get their mitts on him,” Affleck explained at the time. “And it had a very Beverly Hills Cop, Midnight Run sensibility, where the kids from Boston were giving the NSA the slip all the time. We would improvise and drink like six or 12 beers or whatever and record it with a tape recorder. At the time we imagined the professor and the shrink would be Morgan Freeman and [Robert] De Niro, so we’d do our imitations of Freeman and De Niro. It was kind of hopelessly naive and probably really embarrassing in that respect.”- Advertisement – Affleck was previously married to Jennifer Garner from 2005 to 2018. The pair share three children, Violet, Seraphina and Samuel.Scroll down to see Affleck’s evolving look throughout the years. The duo’s big dreams landed them an Oscar for Best Original Screenplay in 1997. Affleck’s career took off and he later appeared in notable films such as Armageddon (1998), Argo (2012), Gone Girl (2014), Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice (2016) and The Way Back (2020).Although Affleck’s career has flourished over the years, he has publicly struggled with his personal life. The Oscar winner previously checked into rehab in 2001, 2017 and 2018. Affleck explained on the Today show in 2019 that he’s not afraid to be open about his sobriety struggles.“Some people are sort of uncomfortable, [but] it doesn’t really bother me to talk about alcoholism and being an alcoholic,” he said at the time. “It’s part of my life. It’s something that I deal with. It doesn’t have to sort of subsume my whole identity and be everything, but it is something that you know you have to work at.”- Advertisement – Ben Affleck started his career from humble beginnings, but he worked his way toward becoming one of the most sought after leading men in Hollywood.The actor was born in Berkeley, California, but his family moved to Massachusetts when he was 3 years old. He met his lifelong friend Matt Damon during his childhood years and the pair bonded over their mutual passion for acting. Affleck appeared in small television and movie roles before he was cast in the 1993 film Dazed and Confused. He later teamed up with director Kevin Smith and starred in the movies Mall Rats (1995) and Chasing Amy (1997).- Advertisement –last_img read more

Short Stories Need a Defender. She’s Ready.

first_imgEvans’s stories and their sensitivity to issues around race and power feel particularly resonant in 2020, and to the people who know her work, that is no surprise. “Danielle can always anticipate what’s going to happen,” the writer Melinda Moustakis, who was part of Evans’s Five Under 35 cohort, said.Her editor, Sarah McGrath, said, “She sees really clearly the meaning of various exchanges in ways that many of us take for granted.”Evans, who teaches creative writing at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, talked about how short stories work, the evolving discussion of race in literature and publishing, and, in a way, her fear of commitment. This conversation has been edited and condensed.- Advertisement – – Advertisement – The novella, which gives the book its name, follows Cassie, a field worker in a fictional but plausible government department, the Institute for Public History. Cassie’s job is to leave notes of clarification throughout the country about everything from inaccurate commemorative plaques to kitschy souvenirs. In one scene she corrects a bakery’s Juneteenth display — “targeted not to the people who’d celebrated Juneteenth all along but to office managers who’d feel hectored into not missing a Black holiday or who just wanted an excuse for miscellaneous dessert.” She and her few co-workers of color “shared an urgency about the kind of work we were doing, a belief that the truth was our last best hope, and a sense that our own mission was less neutral and more necessary than that of the white men we answered to at the office.”- Advertisement – “The Office of Historical Corrections” comes out on Nov. 10. In one, “Boys Go to Jupiter,” a college student named Claire becomes a lightning rod — scorned by Black students, supported by the campus libertarian group — when a photo of her in a Confederate flag bikini circulates. In “Why Won’t Women Just Say What They Want,” a high-profile artist’s latest work is a series of public apologies to the women he’s wronged — ex-wives, his daughter, a former assistant — though he doesn’t realize all that forgiveness entails. And in “Alcatraz,” a woman fights in vain to reverse her relative’s dishonorable discharge, focused on the sum she estimates the U.S. government owes her family: $227,035.87.last_img read more

Match Report – Australia 24 – 22 New Zealand

first_imgBut there were still points at stake in Brisbane, with the Tasman teams now one apiece in the Tri-Nations tournament ahead of next weekend’s match between Argentina and New Zealand. – Advertisement – Rieko Ioane scores in the corner for the All Blacks Rieko Ioane scores in the corner for the All Blacks

Biden has economic levers to pull even without the Senate.

first_img– Advertisement – For economic stimulus, among actions he could take include using executive authority to raise the minimum wage for federal contractors to $15 an hour, directing his education secretary to forgive student loans to a certain amount and repurposing unspent funds from the previous stimulus legislation. – Advertisement – A new crew of officials will have leeway to undo changes to financial regulation, but much like the slow drip of deregulation under the Trump administration, any changes from the Fed and its fellow regulatory agencies are likely to be small and steady. The Biden administration could act on its own to raise taxes in a few areas, largely by changing regulations governing how Mr. Trump’s 2017 tax law is carried out. President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr. will take office in January with a weak economy weighed down by the coronavirus pandemic, millions of Americans still unemployed and businesses struggling and closing as winter bears down.Addressing that economic challenge and following through on his campaign’s tax and spending promises could be complicated if Republicans maintain control of the Senate.- Advertisement –center_img – Advertisement – But as President Trump has demonstrated time and again, Mr. Biden has the power to pull some levers unilaterally, without congressional approval, and could influence the federal government’s economic policymaking machinery through an array of executive actions, regulations and personnel changes.“There’s a tremendous amount that can be done without Congress,” said Felicia Wong, who serves as an adviser on the Biden transition board but who was speaking in her capacity as head of the Roosevelt Institute, a progressive think tank. The new administration could exert huge influence over consumer protections, including those involving debt collection, payday lending and foreclosure abuse. On trade, Mr. Biden faces several decisions in the short term, including whether to continue with Mr. Trump’s ban on TikTok and WeChat, the social media apps, and whether to retain America’s tariffs on Chinese goods and foreign metals. He does not need congressional approval to deal with these and other outstanding trade issues.last_img read more

Trump agency official privately says ‘no transition is in place’ after Biden’s victory

first_imgA spokesman for USAID did not return a request for comment.Emily Murphy, the administrator for the GSA, must sign a letter affirming the election results in order for Biden’s transition to receive the legally mandated millions of dollars in federal funding. She has yet to sign the letter while Trump attempts to contend election results in key states.The developments also come after Barsa announced the departure of Trump appointee Bonnie Glick from USAID.- Advertisement – – Advertisement – President Donald Trump’s acting head of the U.S. Agency for International Development told political appointees that the transition of power to President-elect Joe Biden hasn’t started yet.John Barsa, the acting deputy administrator of USAID, privately told members of his team on Monday that, despite Biden’s victory, the transition of power has not started and will not begin until General Services Administration signs off.“The only official announcement about an election result that matters is from the head of GSA. So until the head of GSA makes a determination as to who won an election, nothing changes,” Barsa said, according to a recording of the meeting reviewed by CNBC. “There is no transition in place.”- Advertisement – USAID is the federal government’s agency that oversees foreign aid and has a budget of over $19 billion. Many foreign leaders, including the prime minsters of Canada and the United Kingdom, have congratulated Biden and Vice President-elect Kamala Harris.Barsa’s comments are the latest example of Trump administration officials appearing to brush off the results of the election.At the meeting, USAID leadership were plowing ahead with Trump administration developments, almost as if Trump had won.On the call, they announced a new USAID White House liaison. Catharine O’Neill, a former Trump official in the U.S. State Department, will be the new White House liaison for the agency, Barsa said.O’Neill said she was on the campaign before rejoining the administration. She reportedly is the daughter of George O’Neill Jr. a Rockefeller heir and conservative writer. O’Neill is replacing William Maloney, who, as CNBC reported, was being criticized internally from within the agency for the way he handled his role.center_img United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Deputy Administrator for Latin America and the Caribbean, John Barsa speaks in Brasilia, Brazil January 28, 2020.Adriano Machado | Reuters – Advertisement –last_img read more

Republicans, with an eye to keeping Trump’s support in Georgia, let his election dispute play out.

first_img– Advertisement – President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr.’s transition team is dealing with two major sources of uncertainty as it scrambles to set up an administration during a pandemic and the resulting economic collapse: the unresolved Senate picture and the roadblocks posed by President Trump’s refusal to concede.The two have begun feeding on each other, with congressional Republicans, fearful of President Trump torpedoing their Georgia Senate candidates in a fit of pique if they back away from his election claims, largely unwilling to confront the president.- Advertisement – “We need his voters,” Senator John Thune of South Dakota, the second-ranking Republican, said on Wednesday of Mr. Trump. “Right now, he’s trying to get through the final stages of his election and determine the outcome there. But when that’s all said and done, however it comes out, we want him helping in Georgia.” Though most leading Republicans have not repeated his claims, they have also declined to acknowledge Mr. Biden’s victory, fearing that doing so would enrage the president and his loyal base of supporters.On Wednesday, Georgia’s secretary of state, Brad Raffensperger, a Republican, authorized a hand recount of the state’s election, a move that was likely to please the president. But a recount is extremely unlikely to reverse the result for Mr. Trump, who trails in the state by more than 14,000 votes, and it would not change the overall outcome of the presidential race because Mr. Biden has more than 270 electoral votes even without Georgia. – Advertisement –last_img read more

John Mellencamp Is ‘Terribly Happy’ Daughter Teddi Left ‘RHOBH’

first_img– Advertisement – All’s well that ends well! John Mellencamp spoke out about his daughter Teddi Mellencamp’s Real Housewives of Beverly Hills exit.“I’m terribly excited and happy that you are no longer part of the Real Housewives,” the musician, 69, told Teddi, 39, on the Thursday, November 12, episode of her “Teddi Tea Pod” podcast. “I’ve never liked that you were on the Real Housewives.”- Advertisement – The “Hurts so Good” singer noted that he “tried to be supportive” so he tuned in to see his daughter on the reality show. “But I can assure you, I don’t watch it anymore,” he said.John Mellencamp Says Hes Terribly Happy Daughter Teddi Left RHOBHJohn Mellencamp and Teddi Mellencamp. Shutterstock; Mediapunch/ShutterstockJohn explained that although he is glad to see Teddi focusing on other ventures, the Bravo series is a good fit for some of its stars.“I think that it’s great and I think that some of the women on the show are fantastic,” he said. “But I don’t like people to know where I’m at, I don’t like people to know what I’m doing, I like to have privacy. That’s why I stick around my properties and don’t go anywhere.”- Advertisement – Teddi further explained her exit on a September episode of her podcast, revealing that her contract was not renewed ahead of season 11.“It feels like a breakup almost because you develop such strong relationships with the cast, with the crew, and you get to do incredible things that you probably never get to experience without, you know, the show,” she said at the time. “That being said, I’m really looking forward to the future.”Earlier this month, the mother of three opened up about how her kids reacted to her leaving.John Mellencamp Says Hes Terribly Happy Daughter Teddi Left RHOBHDorit Kemsley, Teddi Mellencamp and Lisa Rinna on ‘The Real Housewives of Beverly Hills’. Casey Durkin/Bravo“My son, [Cruz], took it the worst,” the Bravo personality said of her 6-year-old on a November episode of “The Viall Files” podcast. “My daughter [Slate] was thrilled because she was like, ‘That took up so much time, mom, and it made you really stressed.’ And I was like, ‘Yeah, it did.’”The fitness guru, who also shares 8-month-old daughter Dove with husband Edwin Arroyave, first appeared on the show in season 8 in 2017.Listen to Getting Real with the Housewives, your one-stop destination for Housewives news and exclusive interviews The “Jack and Diane” crooner added: “I don’t want to be a part of where everybody knows everything about everybody … I don’t know how you stood it.”The All in by Teddi accountability program founder confirmed her exit from the show in September after three seasons in front of the camera.“You heard it here last. Yes, it’s true, I am not coming back to #RHOBH,” she wrote via Instagram. “Thank you to @bravo, @evolutionusa, @bravoandy and all of the amazing women for the support (and the shade) for the past three years. Back to the shadows I go.”- Advertisement –last_img read more

More nasal-spray flu vaccine on the way

first_imgOct 22, 2004 (CIDRAP News) – MedImmune will produce another million doses of its nasal-spray influenza vaccine, FluMist, which could free up some injectable flu vaccine for high-risk groups, Health and Human Services (HHS) Secretary Tommy Thompson announced yesterday.”MedImmune notified me today that we’ll have an additional 1 million doses of FluMist nasal-spray vaccine this year,” Thompson announced at a late-afternoon teleconference. The extra doses will bring MedImmune’s production for this year to 3 million doses and the nation’s total flu vaccine supply to 61 million, he added.FluMist involves live virus and is licensed only for healthy people between the ages of 5 and 49; therefore it can’t be given to most of the high-risk people who have priority for injectable vaccine during the current flu vaccine shortage. But some in the priority categories—healthcare workers and out-of-home caregivers and household contacts of children younger than 6 months—could receive FluMist if they are younger than 50.Noting that FluMist is for healthy people who should not be getting the injectable vaccine, Thompson added, “We also hope some healthcare workers involved in direct patient care will avail themselves of FluMist, because that frees up injectable vaccine.”HHS has been scrambling for more flu vaccine since up to 48 million doses of Chiron flu vaccine were determined to be potentially unsafe. The determination came after British regulators shut down Chiron’s plant in Liverpool, England, on Oct 5 because of contamination problems.The elimination of the Chiron vaccine left Aventis Pasteur and MedImmune as the only producers of flu vaccine for the US market. Aventis has said it will produce a total of about 58 million doses of injectable vaccine.Thompson said about 21 million doses of Aventis vaccine remains and will be shipped over the next 7 weeks to facilities serving high-risk groups, such as nursing homes and community clinics. He urged people seeking the shot not to stand in line but to be patient and persistent.”The fact that a clinic doesn’t have the vaccine today does not mean they won’t have it next week or in 2 weeks or 3 weeks,” Thompson said. “That information hasn’t been getting out there. Everybody thinks all the vaccine has been shipped and if their doctor doesn’t have it, it won’t be there.”We have about 21 million doses that’s going to be shipped at a rate of about 2 1/2 to 3 million doses each week for the next 7 weeks. And the first or second week of January there’ll be an additional 2.6 million doses. So if you’re out there and you don’t have vaccine or your doctor says he doesn’t have vaccine, please be persistent and call back.”Lester Crawford, acting commissioner of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), said the FDA is involved in negotiations that could add about 5 million doses of vaccine from foreign manufacturers to the US supply.For sources of vaccine that have “some degree of probability, the numbers would be about 5 million, including the doses that have previously been indicated from Canada,” he said. ID Biomedical, a Canadian firm, has been mentioned previously as a possible source of about 1.5 million doses.MedImmune had produced about 1.1 million doses of FluMist before the Chiron vaccine was eliminated, David Mott, the company’s president and CEO, said at the teleconference. Shortly after the Chiron problem surfaced, the company said it could produce an additional 1 million doses. The extra doses announced yesterday will bring the company’s total production to about 3 million.”We now have begun producing two to three lots per week in our Philadelphia facility; that should be resulting next week or the following week in about 400,000 doses per week,” Mott said. He said the company expects to finish making the 2 million extra doses by early to mid-December.In response to questions, Mott noted that MedImmune lowered the price of FluMist from $46 last year to $23.50 this year, putting it much closer to the price of injectable vaccine.Yesterday Thompson repeated his previous message that the nation should have enough doses of flu antiviral drugs this season to treat about 40 million people. That includes a federal stockpile for about 7 million people and private supplies and production capacity for 33 million, he said.”The combination of the existing 61 million doses of vaccine and the antivirals gives us the ability to stave off the effects of the flu this season,” he said.The high-risk groups that should get injectable vaccine, according to HHS, include children aged 6 to 23 months, adults aged 65 and older, people aged 2 to 64 years with chronic medical conditions, women who will be pregnant during flu season, residents of nursing homes and long-term care facilities, healthcare workers caring directly for patients, and out-of-home caregivers and household contacts of babies younger than 6 months.Pregnant women should not be given FluMist, nor should children and adolescents on long-term aspirin treatment, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The CDC also says that injectable vaccine is preferred over FluMist for healthcare workers and others in close contact with anyone with a severely weakened immune system.See also:Oct 21 HHS news release read more

WHO confirms Bangladesh’s first H5N1 case

first_imgMay 28, 2008 (CIDRAP News) – The World Health Organization (WHO) today confirmed that a 16-month-old boy from Bangladesh had an H5N1 avian influenza infection in January but has since recovered.The boy, who is officially listed as Bangladesh’s first H5N1 case, got sick on Jan 27, the WHO said in a statement today. His H5N1 infection was identified retrospectively during seasonal surveillance by the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research in Bangladesh.Bangladeshi government officials announced on May 22 that the boy’s infection had been confirmed the day before by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which is a WHO reference laboratory.The boy is from Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh. The WHO said he had been exposed to live and slaughtered chickens in his home. Health officials have collected samples from his family members and neighbors, but none so far show any signs off H5N1 infections, the agency added.Bangladesh, along with the neighboring Indian state of West Bengal, experienced widespread poultry outbreaks over the winter. The H5N1 virus struck 50 of Bangladesh’s 64 districts, according to a recent Agence France-Presse report.Today’s WHO confirmation of the Bangladeshi case raises the global H5N1 count to 383 cases with 241 deaths.See also:May 28 WHO statementlast_img read more

Nursing home cases were key in Minnesota Salmonella probe

first_imgJan 23, 2009 (CIDRAP News) – A physician’s report of diarrhea cases in a nursing home, followed by the discovery of cases in several other institutions, provided the key that enabled Minnesota disease detectives to figure out before anyone else that peanut butter was the culprit in the current nationwide Salmonella outbreak.When epidemiologists compared food product invoices from institutions that had cases, they found that the one thing the places had in common was King Nut peanut butter, Minnesota officials said. That led to testing of the peanut butter and the discovery of the outbreak strain of Salmonella in it.”If we didn’t have those institutional cases, we still might not know it’s peanut butter causing this outbreak,” said Kirk Smith, DVM, PhD, director of the foodborne disease unit at the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) in St. Paul.The outbreak began back in September but did not become public until early this month. So far there have been 491 cases in 43 states and one more in Canada, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported in a teleconference with clinicians today. In addition, there have been seven deaths possibly related to the illnesses.The outbreak has been traced to a Peanut Corp. of America (PCA) facility in Blakely, Ga., which makes peanut butter distributed by King Nut Cos. and others to institutions and food services. PCA also sells peanut butter and peanut paste from the plant to a number of food companies, which process them into cracker snacks, cookies, ice cream, candy, and other products. The outbreak has triggered a long list of product recalls.Probe began in NovemberMinnesota cases in the outbreak began showing up in November, according to Carlota Medus, PhD, MPH, a foodborne disease epidemiologist at the MDH. By late in the month the department had found a couple of cases that featured the outbreak strain, Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium, she reported.Minnesota began interviewing case-patients about what they had eaten, using a hypothesis-generating questionnaire developed by the CDC for this outbreak, said Smith. Besides Smith and Medus, investigators included another MDH foodborne disease epidemiologist, Stephanie Meyer, and Team Diarrhea, a group of seven graduate students in public health.”After we had our first four cases, there was a lead from another state that the cause might be chicken,” he said. “So we followed up on the chicken sources on our cases and the [Minnesota] Department of Agriculture [MDA] traced it back to the plant level, and it just wasn’t very compelling.”Meanwhile, the early interviews led to some suspicion that peanut butter could be involved. “We had several cases interviewed, and I think most if not all of them had eaten peanut butter, but we were having trouble with brand names, and certain aspects of it were not clear,” said Medus.Big break in the caseBy Dec 22 Minnesota had nine cases, but no good evidence as to the cause. But then came the big break in the hunt.”On Dec 22 we received a call from a clinician who reported an outbreak of Salmonella in a nursing home and that the lab that did the testing had noticed additional cases in the community,” said Medus. “At that point we didn’t know if these were part of the national outbreak. By the next day the first Salmonella isolates had arrived at our lab, and we were able to confirm that at least one of them was part of the national outbreak.” The nursing home was in Brainerd in north-central Minnesota.Clinical labs routinely send Salmonella isolates to the MDH for typing, but it usually takes several days before they arrive. In this case the samples were sent immediately. “Because of that report, we didn’t have to wait for the Salmonella isolates to come in, which would’ve been a few days down the road,” Smith explained.The physician who reported the nursing home cases didn’t know there was a widespread Salmonella outbreak going on, but reported them because they were in a nursing home, according to Medus.Homing in on peanut butterThe discovery of outbreak cases at one nursing home was significant but not sufficient to implicate peanut butter, said Medus. Shortly afterward, however, cases started showing up at other institutions, including nursing homes, colleges, and an elementary school, according to Smith.She said that development prompted the next investigative step: collecting menus from the various institutions and, with the help of the MDA, gathering invoices for the food products used. “We went to the invoices and started comparing them, and the one thing they had in common was the King Nut [peanut butter],” she said. In checking the documents, the investigators looked at all foods, not just peanut butter, she noted.Smith said the regional pattern of the institutional cases offered another important clue: “All the institutions served King Nut peanut butter, and what was interesting was that the institutions were all in northern and northwestern Minnesota. And we found that the King Nut peanut butter they were getting was from a distributor out of Fargo,  Sysco.”What was intriguing to us was that there is a  Sysco distributor in the Twin Cities, and they did not distribute King Nut peanut butter, and we were not seeing [institutional] cases in the catchment area for that distribution. So it was all kind of coming together.”With the peanut butter as a suspected source, MDA and MDH labs began testing peanut butter collected from the institutions. Eventually an opened 5-pound tub of peanut butter from the Brainerd nursing home yielded the outbreak strain—or, more precisely, two strains.Smith explained that the outbreak involves two very closely related Salmonella strains as identified by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. “We found both strains in the open jar of peanut butter,” he said.Going public with findingsThe Minnesota agencies announced the discovery of Salmonella in the peanut butter on Jan 9, and, after further testing, reported on Jan 12 that it matched the outbreak strain. King Nut issued a recall on Jan 10.The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), however, did not publicly tie PCA-made products to the outbreak immediately. Because the Salmonella-tainted container had been opened, there was a possibility it had been contaminated at the nursing home, rather than at the plant where it was made. It was not until Jan 19, when Connecticut officials reported finding the outbreak pathogen in an unopened container of King Nut peanut butter, that the FDA publicly linked the outbreak to the PCA facility.With an opened container, “there’s always the concern that somebody could’ve gotten sick from some other source and then contaminated that tub,” said Smith. However, he said that looked unlikely in this case, because Salmonella was found in samples taken from a number of locations within the tub. Moreover, both outbreak strains were found, whereas if the product had been contaminated by an infected person at the nursing home, probably only one strain would have been present.Also, Smith said that as Minnesota officials were investigating the institutional cases, they were hearing from other states that they also had cases at institutions that had received King Nut peanut butter. “It wasn’t just the isolate, it was all the institutions receiving this one brand,” he said.Other products involvedBut it also became clear during the investigation that not all cases were related to King Nut peanut butter. Smith said that no institutional cases were found in the Twin Cities area, but there were other cases that couldn’t be explained by the peanut butter. “Then other health departments around the country said their cases had been eating peanut butter crackers,” he added. That led to a CDC case-control study that tied some cases to peanut butter–containing products such as crackers.Minnesota investigators have been able to connect almost all the state’s cases to particular food products, said Medus. “We have fewer than 5 cases that we can’t explain yet, out of 36 cases,” she said. And, said Smith, more than half of those have been linked to products other than King Nut peanut butter.Untraditional epidemiologySmith and Medus agree that the institutional cases were critical in finding the food culprit.”If we didn’t have the institutional cases, it would’ve been a lot harder to implicate a product. The noninstitutional cases ate a lot of different products,” said Medus. With tens of different products and hundreds of cases, “You won’t have a single product common to all, which makes it extremely difficult to figure out a product [source],” she said.Smith commented, “This was a little untraditional in that it wasn’t cracked by looking at the interview data but by noticing the institutional link and getting the menus and getting our Department of Ag to compare and contrast.”See also: CDC outbreak update outbreak update read more