Moult entails costs related to the acquisition of energy and nutrients necessary for feather synthesis, as well as the impact of reduced flight performance induced by gaps in the wing plumage. Variation in moult strategies within and between populations may convey valuable information on energetic trade-offs and other responses to differing environmental constraints. We studied the moult strategies of two populations of a pelagic seabird, the black-browed albatross Thalassarche melanophris, nesting in contrasting environments. According to conventional wisdom, it is exceptional for albatrosses (Diomedeidae) to moult while breeding. Here we show that black-browed albatrosses breeding on the Falklands regularly moult primaries, tail and body feathers during chick-rearing, and the majority of those at South Georgia show some body feather moult in late chick-rearing. The greater moult-breeding overlap at the Falklands allows the birds to annually renew more primary feathers than their counterparts at South Georgia. The results of the present paper, pooled with other evidence, suggest that black-browed albatrosses from South Georgia face a more challenging environment during reproduction. They also serve to warn against the uncritical acceptance of conventional ideas about moult patterns when using feathers to study the ecology of seabirds and other migrants for which there is scant information at particular stages of the annual cycle.
Dear IU Alumni; It has been my honor to serve as your alumni Trustee for many years. We have accomplished much together, but much remains to be done as we plan for IU’s 200th Anniversary in 2019-2020.As a member of the last generation to remember the living Herman Wells (his final letter to me hangs in my office), I am forever guided by his vision: We must strive for excellence in ALL that we do and provide a world class education to deserving students from Indiana (first) and those qualified for admission.We have preserved our great traditions by revitalizing the Old Crescent. Likewise, we have kept an IU education cutting edge, with International Studies Programs, Informatics initiatives and new Engineering and Architecture Degrees.I will remain a strong and independent voice on the Board. Believing in maintaining the beauty of our campuses, I fought off privatization of our parking facilities. Sadly, I was unable to convince the Board that we should not turn our back on the Ft. Wayne campus – I don’t win them all! But I am proud that the Bloomington paper has written that I have sounded like “the conscience of the University.”If you give me your vote, I will continue working to ensure that IU is accountable, affordable and accessible. We have the lowest average net cost in the Big Ten. Gift aid has increased 83% since 2007. I will always insist that we recruit qualified under-represented minority students, that we concentrate efforts on retention and persistence towards degree completion, and that we pay faculty and staff competitively. Each campus is critical to our role as Indiana’s University.A few years back, President McRobbie announced the establishment of a New Academic Directions Committee. The President charged the committee with strengthening IU’s academic core. As Chair of the Board’s Academic Affairs Committee for many years, I have been honored to work at the Board level with our Provost and other administrators toward the President’s charge: “To improve the overall quality of academic offerings, the efficiency with which we educate our students, and our responsiveness to the trends and challenges that are transforming higher education today.”The diligent work of our Board, Administration and Faculty has led to many major accomplishments.We have overseen and approved the creation of new schools that will ensure that IU’s education and research programs will flourish for decades to come. Some highlights of this transformative work include:Creation of the nation’s first school of philanthropy – the Lilly Family School of Philanthropy at IUPUI.Creation of the School of Global and International Studies at IU Bloomington, bringing together our more than 70 language programs and renowned international area studies centers.Creation of the School of Informatics and Computing which merged informatics and library and information science offering an extensive range of programs in information technology.Creation of the Media School at IU Bloomington which merged our excellence in journalism and telecommunications providing our students a pre-eminent national center for education and research on modern media.Creation of Schools of Public Health at IUB and IUPUI which promotes health and supports disease prevention for all of Indiana.Creation of an Engineering Program at IUB making IU a part of the “building and machine” culture.Creation of a new School of Art and Design with a Masters of Architecture Degree.As we approach IU’s 200th anniversary, I hope you will allow me to continue more than 30 years of work toward her success. My wife Lisa and I also understand the importance of our friends and alumni’s financial support of IU and are life members of our Alumni Association as well as proud members of the President’s Circle and the Hoosier Hundred.If re-elected, I will continue to be your independent voice on the Board. I will also work to find additional support for our outstanding faculty and staff whose work brings IU national recognition and honor almost daily and who remain vital to the educational and economic aspirations of every Indiana region.I have worked hard for each of our campuses and am proud to have received IUPUI’s Hine Medal and IU Southeast’s Chancellor’s Medallion for my efforts. Our dream of an IU campus in southwest Indiana is also becoming a reality with the construction of a medical education building in downtown Evansville.Please click here to cast your vote for me as the next IU Alumni Trustee : https://dataforms.iuf.iu.edu/trustee-election/voteSincerely,Patrick ShouldersIU ALUMNI TRUSTEEFOOTNOTE: If you have any questions please contact Patrick Shoulders at: [email protected] LinkEmail
The new dual carriageway through Rimrose Valley will be transformational – for people living along the increasingly congested existing A5036, the facilities at Rimrose Valley Country Park and in tackling congestion and boosting economic opportunities right across the area.Following last month’s judicial hearing – and today’s announcement upholding our decision to exclude a tunnel from options in the initial consultation – we’ll begin statutory consultation over plans to provide a replacement road through Rimrose Valley in the New Year.Our regional delivery director for the North West Tim Gamon said: We note the outcome of the judicial review and would like to say that now, more than ever, we want to work with the community surrounding Rimrose Valley to deliver a solution which benefits everybody Our message is whether you are a resident, road user, business or regular user of the park please come and get involved in the consultation events so we can work together to get this right for everyone. Our legacy approach to delivery will ensure both the park’s facilities and the existing A5036 will be improved while the new road will help relieve congestion across the whole of the local road network – providing more reliable journeys and freeing up more opportunities for jobs and homes.Next year’s statutory consultation will be followed by an application to the Government for planning permission – both required before any road can be built and both providing opportunities for local people to help shape the proposals.More information on the statutory consultation process will be provided and publicised once the details have been finalised. In the meantime more information on the project and an opportunity to sign up for email updates are available on the Port of Liverpool Access project webpage.General enquiriesMembers of the public should contact the Highways England customer contact centre on 0300 123 5000.Media enquiriesJournalists should contact the Highways England press office on 0844 693 1448 and use the menu to speak to the most appropriate press officer.
This coming Tuesday, February 14th, Syracuse-based funk-hip-hop trio Sophistafunk will officially release their new album Real Vibration. The band brings their funky, hip-hop-infused sound in full force on the new release, their first full-length album since 2013’s Freedom Is.Today, Live For Live Music is proud to present an exclusive limited-time stream of the full album ahead of its release next week. You can listen to Real Vibration in its entirety, below.Says the trio’s MC Jack Brown of the new album, set for a Valentines Day release, “In this spirit of love, these tracks combine some of our favorite musical elements, and we hope they can be an uplifting force in these times of political and social turmoil. Just as the live music scene stays alive through the years, these songs of freedom can never be silenced. This time on Earth is a blessing, and we are happy to share it with all of you funky brothers and sisters out there.”Real Vibration will be officially available for download on Tuesday, February 14th on iTunes. Keep an eye out for our review of the album, coming early next week.
New system opens the door to transforming CO2 into industrial fuels Turning tide on greenhouse gases For years, people have used near-infrared light for everything from night vision to remote controls, but Dan Congreve and his co-workers want to one day put it to work fighting cancer.A fellow at the Rowland Institute at Harvard, Congreve is the co-author, with Professor Tomislav Rovis and Assistant Professor Luis M. Campos, both in the Department of Chemistry at Columbia University, and graduate students Benjamin Ravetz, Andrew Pun, and Emily Churchill of Columbia, of a recent study that used a chemical process known as triplet fusion upconversion to transform near-infrared photons into high-energy photons, which could be used to catalyze a host of chemical reactions.The work opens the door to a huge range of applications, including a new type of precisely targeted chemotherapy, in which low-energy infrared lasers — which can penetrate deep into the body — could eventually be used to transform innocuous compounds into cancer-fighting drugs. The study is described in a Jan. 16 paper published in Nature.“Using infrared light to drive a chemical reaction like this opens up future in vivo applications,” Congreve said. “We haven’t done this yet, but the long-term idea is that if you have a tumor site, you may be able to deliver a harmless precursor and then hit it with an infrared laser to do the photochemistry you need to generate a drug only at that spot.”“Rather than poisoning the entire body with a drug that causes the death of malignant cells and healthy cells,” Rovis added, “a nontoxic drug combined with infrared light could selectively target the tumor site and irradiate cancer cells.”To prove that the system could work, Congreve and his colleagues took the unusual step of wrapping a vial with a piece of bacon, then firing an infrared laser through it to activate a reaction that successfully converted a liquid monomer to a gel-like polymer. The team also performed a control test in which they fired a high-energy blue laser at the bacon-wrapped vial, with less successful results.“If you look in the paper, there’s a note that says the reaction was halted due to a fire hazard,” Congreve said. “So it turns out if you shoot a piece of bacon with a blue laser, it will start smoking, and you’ll have to stop the experiment.”To understand how the system works, first some background on light.“Every photon has a specific energy, which is its color,” Congreve explained. “So blue light has a particular energy, and less than that is green light, and less than that is red light. But for a lot of scientific applications you need a certain energy of light — just increasing the intensity of light is not enough. So if you need blue light to drive a reaction, it doesn’t matter how much infrared light you put into the system — nothing will happen.”To turn infrared photons into visible light, Congreve and his colleagues developed a system that relies on a molecular state known as a “dark triplet.”“The key to this process is the idea that organic molecules have bright and dark states,” Congreve explained. “The bright state, called a singlet, is when a molecule absorbs and then emits light.,“There are also dark states, which are called triplets, and these states do not interact with light at all,” he continued. “But it turns out there’s a special process where, if two of these triplets with low energy meet, they can become a higher-energy singlet, and that’s the beating heart of what we’re trying to do.”To make that meeting happen, Congreve and his colleagues designed a system built around two molecules, the first of which absorbs energy from infrared photons to form a triplet.“The photon comes along and knocks the molecule into a higher energy state,” he said. “Normally, that molecule would relax back down to its ground state and emit a photon — that’s what we call fluorescence — but in these special molecules it actually becomes a slightly lower-energy triplet dark state.”The first molecule then hands off that energy to the second molecule, called the annihilator, which forms a more long-lived triplet. When two of those triplets meet, Congreve said, they combine to form a singlet, and emit a high-energy photon.The study describes two variations on the system: one that converts infrared light into orange light and one that converts it to blue light.And importantly, the process is not destructive. Once they’ve handed off their energy and formed a high-energy singlet, both molecules return to their ground state — meaning the system could run for hours or even days.“In the paper, we ran the reaction for three hours, eight hours, 12 hours, even 24 hours,” he said. “And they just cranked away happily.”Congreve is working with colleagues at Columbia to refine the system further by manipulating the molecules to upconvert more efficiently, to increase their stability, and explore additional applications.“You do pay a penalty with this process,” Congreve said. “The efficiency of the upconversion is in the single digits. That seems to be mitigated by the fact that the infrared laser can penetrate deeper into solution, so we actually do get fairly similar reaction times … but we’re digging into how we can do better, and I think we will see that efficiency continue to increase.”This research was supported with funding from the National Science Foundation, the NSF Graduate Research Fellowship Program, the Rowland Fellowship at the Rowland Institute at Harvard, and the National Institute of General Medical Sciences. Related Study signals a limit to cancer’s complexity Findings on driver mutations may prove advance for targeted therapy
Forum organizers and participants said they feel they have adequately addressed many of the questions that arise when discussing the marketplace and the common good, but it is ultimately up to the students to take the information the Forum provides and apply it to their lives. “We’ve had a lot of positive feedback,” said senior Shanna Gast, a member of the working committee for the Forum and a panelist at tonight’s event. “The tickets for the Forum event with Friedman sold out in an hour and fifteen minutes so it’s clear students are looking forward to what’s to come.” Friedman’s lecture may be the signature event of this year’s Forum, but committee members and University professors who participated in the Forum’s satellite events that were held over the past two months, believe that the issues addressed at these panels helped prepare the audience for the topics Friedman will discuss. “The panel is there to ask more informed questions and to probe a bit more into what Friedman will talk about,” Gast said. “I think the Forum events have been excellent and have done a much better job at engaging the students,” said Peter Kilpatrick, dean of Engineering and a panelist in the Oct. 12 Technology: Boon or Bane Forum satellite event. “If you don’t prepare for the [Friedman] Forum event well, it will be more entertainment for the students than academic.” Other students who have been involved in the development of the Forum throughout the year hope Friedman’s lecture and the issues he addresses will resonate with students. A roundtable discussion will follow Friedman’s talk and will feature Dr. Carolyn Woo, the Martin J. Gillen Dean of the Mendoza College of Business, Gary Anderson, Hesburgh Professor of Catholic Theology and Gast. Andrea Mitchell, Chief Foreign Affairs Correspondent for NBC News, will moderate the discussion. “I hope that students will be able to take away concrete, realistic ways that we can be more responsible as global citizens,” said junior Shannon Crotty, a member of the working committee for the Forum. Since one of the main goals of the Forum was to facilitate discussion among as many students as possible, Forum committee members ensured that students who did not secure a ticket to the signature event this evening would still have a chance to participate in the conversation. Pulitzer Prize winning journalist and New York Times columnist Tom Friedman will speak tonight about the global economy’s relationship to the common good at the Notre Dame Forum’s signature event. The event, which features a lecture given by Friedman about issues he addressed in his most recent book “Hot, Flat, and Crowded,” has been highly anticipated by students and others involved in this year’s Forum. “To me, one of the greatest things about the Forum topic of ‘The Global Marketplace and the Common Good’ is that it can be approached from a number of stances,” she said. “The panels and discussions from the perspectives of business and legal professionals, engineering experts and political and theological commentators have definitely addressed the issue comprehensively.” “One of the main points we’re hoping students get out of the Forum is to ask themselves why these topics matter to them as students,” Gast said. “I hope it sheds light on mundane, everyday action that can affect the common good.” “Friedman is very vocal on topics of globalization, income gaps and issues that arise when discussing the common good,” Gast said. “He brings a more informed perspective to the topic and he’s a really big name which brings more awareness.” University professors who participated in the satellite events agreed with Crotty’s sentiment and said the smaller events allowed more students to actively participate in the Forum. Friedman was selected as the speaker for this year’s signature event because of his writings on the marketplace and his critique of certain economic practices. “I’m really happy with how the Forum has developed so far,” Crotty said. “The new Forum format, with multiple events and opportunities for discussions rather than just one larger event, definitely allows for more students and faculty to become engaged with the forum topic.” Crotty said she feels like the satellite events served their purpose in preparing students for the Friedman lecture tonight, and the additional panels added more substance to the theme of the Forum. “Me and my colleagues on the panel had different ways of approaching the issue at hand,” Fernando said. “It’s good to come from different angles and viewpoints because the issue is complex that stretches across social and technological arenas.” Professor Harindra Fernando, a panelist in the same event as Kilpatrick, said the satellite events allowed students to hear a variety of viewpoints concerning complicated issues, which is something that the previous Forum format did not always allow. “Anyone not able to get tickets can watch the event broadcast on Channel 13, the TVs in LaFortune or in the Jordan Auditorium of Mendoza,” Crotty said. “Hopefully, this will allow for more people to become engaged in the discussions following the event.”
Share:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Cropped Photo: Eric Molina / CC BY 2.0NEW YORK — The baseball players’ association gave management a wide-ranging response Thursday to a 67-page proposed set of protocols for a season to be played during the coronavirus pandemic.Management had presented the union and the 30 teams the proposed draft last Friday.The union said this week it addressed: protections for high-risk players, access to pre- and postgame therapies, testing frequency, protocols for positive tests, in-stadium medical personnel and sanitization procedures.Players viewed many of the concepts in the original draft as over-the-top, such as arriving in uniform at the ballparks, a prohibition on them leaving without team permission and a ban on guests other than immediate family members. Players also objected to a ban on the use of showers and hydrotherapy. The union wants more frequent testing than management’s proposed “multiple times per week.”MLB is expected to make an economic proposal to the union within a few days. MLB hopes to start the season by early July.
The Vermont Housing and Conservation Board announced today grant awards made by the Farm Viability Program to five meat, poultry and grain processing businesses totaling $65,000. Secretary of Agriculture Roger Allbee said, “With producers all over Vermont raising more grain, poultry and meat in response to the increasing demand for local foods, processing facilities are stretched to the limit. These grants will enable businesses in Westfield, Sharon, Bridport, West Glover and Morrisville to purchase equipment, expand facilities and increase capacity, enhancing the processing infrastructure of Vermont’s food system.”Vermont Rabbitry in West Glover has marketed high quality fresh rabbit meat throughout Vermont and New England since 1987. In 1992, Brown’s Custom Meats was established, adding services including butchering and packaging of beef, pork, veal, lamb and goat. With a $15,500 grant matched with his own investment and a bank loan, operator Phil Brown anticipates doubling his capacity to process rabbits and significantly increasing his capacity to process other locally raised meats. Equipment will be upgraded, allowing him to offer vacuum packaging of custom meat and a wider variety of products including rabbit sausages and ground rabbit to be sold in meat cases across the state.In Bridport, Gleason Grains is an organic milling facility on a small farm operated operated by Ben and Theresa Gleason. The largest operation of its kind in Vermont, the mill facility was built in 1988. The Gleasons raise soybeans, black beans, seed clover, hay and wheat on 100 acres of land. They process the wheat to provide whole wheat flour, pastry flour and wheat berries to customers including bakeries, food co-ops, health food stores, an internet business, a brewery, CSAs, schools and restaurants. In 2010, the Gleasons expect to double the amount of wheat they are processing through a collaboration with three Addison County farmers. In order to process the increased yield, Gleason Grains will use a $15,500 grant from the Farm Viability program to expand and upgrade the current mill facility, storage and drying facilities.Butterworks Farm in Westfield is a farm and milk processing business, producing bottled heavy cream and yogurt and raising corn, soybeans, sunflowers, barley, oats, wheat and peas on 200 acres of owned and leased land. A $14,000 Farm Viability grant will be matched by Anne and Jack Lazor to purchase equipment for hulling whole oats and spelt grain and producing rolled oats and spelt flour to be sold through Vermont Food Coops. Butterworks Farm will offer grain processing services to area farmers to encourage more farmers to raise grains in order to meet a growing demand for locally grown foods.Darryl and Brenda Potter will purchase a cryovac wrapping machine for vacuum packaging at their slaughterhouse, Sharon Beef, where they process beef, lamb, pork and bison for farmers and producers in the agricultural communities of Vermont and New Hampshire. A $15,500 grant, matched with a construction loan and in-kind labor will allow the Potters to make structural and lighting improvements to their facility and install the new machinery. Offering cryovac packaging will increase processing business for commercial customers that are looking for a professional presentation of meat for retail sales. The Potters plan to maintain their current slaughter capacity but to increase the number of customers using their processing services who currently take their meat elsewhere for packaging.In Morrisville, Spring Hill Poultry Processing began operating in the summer of 2009, leasing a mobile processing unit outfitted by the Vermont Agency of Agriculture in response to the scarcity of poultry processing facilities. Operator George Eisenhardt will make improvements to the mobile facility to accommodate a doubling of demand for his services. With a $4,500 grant he will add refrigeration capacity, improving services and reducing costs of the mobile poultry processing.The Vermont Farm Viability Program offers business planning and technical support to Vermont farmers. Farmers and ag-related businesses that complete business plans with the program are eligible to apply for implementation grants. The program aims to support and enhance the viability of agriculture in Vermont. The Farm Viability Program is operated by the Vermont Housing & Conservation Board, in collaboration with the Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Food & Markets. For more information, please contact Director Ela Chapin at 828-2117 or see www.vhcb.org/viability.html(link is external)Source: VHCB. 5.12.2010– end —
By Dialogo June 11, 2012 In a joint operation involving Colombia’s National Army, Navy, and Air Force, the camp structure of FARC Front 37 was successfully located in the municipality of Nechí, in the department of Antioquia. This severe blow to the logistical and financial infrastructure of the “Caribbean Bloc” took place as a consequence of the accurate compilation of intelligence obtained by the National Navy, the precision of the combat and reconnaissance aircraft of the Air Force, and the subsequent operations of the South American country’s National Army. The Technical Investigative Corps of the Public Prosecutor’s Office fully identified Luis Enrique Benítez Cañola, alias “Silvio” or “el Francés” [the Frenchman], the leader of Front 37, and Hernando Tique Rodríguez, alias “Ulises,” the second-ranking leader of Front 35, both of whom died in combat during the operation. As of June 8, the deaths in combat of eight individuals had been confirmed, along with three wounded and the seizure of nine rifles, one pistol, camping equipment, communications, and one ton of provisions. The wounded individuals had been engaging in extortion targeting miners and were part of the security for the leader, alias “Silvio.” The operation, which was conducted early in the morning on June 6, once again neutralized the execution of the “Plan to Retake the Montes de María,” ordered by alias “Iván Márquez” when the redoubts of Fronts 35 and 37 were established in southern Bolívar to restore their finances, carry out forced recruitment, and restore their armed capabilities. With the operations maintained by government forces to prevent the execution of said plan, the leaders of these fronts have been neutralized one by one. WHO HE WAS: “Silvio” was engaged in criminal activity in this narco-terrorist organization for 34 years. He dedicated himself to obtaining resources to support the Caribbean Bloc and its leaders, through extortion targeting miners, retailers, and landholders in the region, the collection of a tax (gramaje) on coca growers, and kidnapping for ransom. He participated in the kidnapping of former minister Fernando Araujo. In 2010, he became the leader of Front 37. Arrest warrants were pending against him for rebellion, kidnapping for ransom, narcotics trafficking, and extortion. The multiple terrorist actions in which he participated include: • The massacre of 13 people in June 2001. • An attack on a Marine convoy that left 12 Military personnel dead and nine wounded. • A terrorist attack on National Police units in June 2003. • In February 2008, he ordered the installation and activation of an improvised explosive device targeting an electrical transmission tower in Tabacalito. • In 2010 and 2011, he was responsible for several attacks on National Army units.
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