Monday 8 November 2010 11:18 am John Dunne Show Comments ▼ More From Our Partners Police Capture Elusive Tiger Poacher After 20 Years of Pursuing the Huntergoodnewsnetwork.orgKansas coach fired for using N-word toward Black playerthegrio.comNative American Tribe Gets Back Sacred Island Taken 160 Years Agogoodnewsnetwork.orgRussell Wilson, AOC among many voicing support for Naomi Osakacbsnews.comAstounding Fossil Discovery in California After Man Looks Closelygoodnewsnetwork.orgFans call out hypocrisy as Tebow returns to NFL while Kaepernick is still outthegrio.comBrave 7-Year-old Boy Swims an Hour to Rescue His Dad and Little Sistergoodnewsnetwork.orgColin Kaepernick to publish book on abolishing the policethegrio.comFort Bragg soldier accused of killing another servicewoman over exthegrio.com Share whatsapp Lord Hesketh, the deputy chairman of Babcock, has resigned after he labelled the Royal Navy’s aircraft carrier programme a “disaster”.His resignation from the engineering group followed a report in the Daily Telegraph in which he was reported as saying the project would make the country a “laughing stock”.Babcock is building the carriers at its shipyard in Rosyth. whatsapp Babcock deputy quits after attacking defence shake-up Tags: NULL
Online gambling operator Esports Entertainment Group has applied to list its common shares on the NASDAQ Capital Market. Subject to relevant approvals, the operator will trade $11.5m worth of shares. Casino & games Esports Entertainment eyes NASDAQ Capital Market listing Topics: Casino & games Esports Finance Sports betting Video gaming Email Address Subscribe to the iGaming newsletter Online gambling operator Esports Entertainment Group has applied to list its common shares on the NASDAQ Capital Market.The esports betting operator noted that the number and type of securities to be offered, and the price range for the offering, had yet to be determined. However, it added, the proposed maximum aggregate offering was likely to be $11.5m (£9.0m/€10.1m).Joseph Gunnar & Co and Dinosaur Financial will serve as underwriters for the proposed offering.“Given the tremendous progress of our esports betting platform, including partnering with more than 190 esports teams from around the world, we believe the company is now well positioned to pursue additional growth opportunities,” Esports Entertainment chief executive Grant Johnson said.“A NASDAQ listing, if successful, will broaden our access to a larger and international group of investors as we seek to become a truly global company.”The operator intends to use funds generated from the planned listing to fund its Malta gaming licence application, and to establish a base in the country. It will also used funds raised through the initial public offering to pursue another licence, in a yet-to-be-selected Asian market.Funds will also be used to enhance its software and systems. Some would go towards developing and launching skill-based video game tournaments across PC, mobile and gaming consoles, as well as purchasing a software licence for its gambling platform.Last month the operator hired John Brackens, previously of Activision Blizzard, as its new chief information officer, the first major appointment since chief financial offer Christopher Malone joined in November 2018.Image: bfishadow AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitter 7th June 2019 | By contenteditor Tags: Online Gambling Video Gaming
Arbico Plc (ARBICO.ng) listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange under the Building & Associated sector has released it’s 2019 interim results for the half year.For more information about Arbico Plc (ARBICO.ng) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Arbico Plc (ARBICO.ng) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Arbico Plc (ARBICO.ng) 2019 interim results for the half year.Company ProfileArbico Plc is a leading construction and civil engineering company in Nigeria responsible for building major residential, commercial, industrial and hospitality projects as well as key infrastructure projects. The company offers services such as pre-construction and estimating, design, build and project management as well as engineering, procurement and construction management services. Arbico Plc has been involved in the construction of major projects in Nigeria spanning residential, commercial, industrial and hospitality projects as well as a number of key infrastructure projects for the government of Nigeria. Flagship projects include residential projects such as No 7 Oniru in Lagos, Oba Elgushi residence in Lagos and SKA residence in Lagos; public assembly projects such as the Rose of Sharon Centre in Lagos; commercial projects such as Feyide House in Lagos and KAAF Building in Ogun State; hospitality projects such as Park Inn Hotel in Ogun State; industrial projects such as the Coleman Factory Development in Ogun State; and infrastructure projects such as NBC Asejire Plant in Oyo and the effluent/water treatment plant in Ogun State. Arbico Plc was founded in 1958 and is a subsidiary of R28 Limited. The company’s head office is in Lagos, Nigeria. Arbico Plc is listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange
I’m still buying GlaxoSmithKline stock despite the dividend warning Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. Image source: Getty Images. See all posts by James J. McCombie Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares FREE REPORT: Why this £5 stock could be set to surge Get the full details on this £5 stock now – while your report is free. Enter Your Email Address Are you on the lookout for UK growth stocks?If so, get this FREE no-strings report now.While it’s available: you’ll discover what we think is a top growth stock for the decade ahead.And the performance of this company really is stunning.In 2019, it returned £150million to shareholders through buybacks and dividends.We believe its financial position is about as solid as anything we’ve seen.Since 2016, annual revenues increased 31%In March 2020, one of its senior directors LOADED UP on 25,000 shares – a position worth £90,259Operating cash flow is up 47%. (Even its operating margins are rising every year!)Quite simply, we believe it’s a fantastic Foolish growth pick.What’s more, it deserves your attention today.So please don’t wait another moment. I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. Glaxo plans to launch at least 20 new medicines by 2026. Ten or more of these are reckoned to be potential blockbuster drugs, delivering more than $1bn in peak annual revenues. All of this appears at odds with the Glaxo share price falling by a quarter in 12 months.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…Glaxo stock splittingIn 2022, Glaxo plans to split into two companies. The first is “‘New GSK’, a biopharma company with an R&D approach focused on science related to the immune system, the use of genetics, and new technologies“. The second company should be a world leader in consumer healthcare.In August 2019, a joint venture (JV) was formed between the consumer healthcare divisions of Pfizer and Glaxo. The JV will form the second of the spinoff companies. It is already a world leader, holding multiple #1 market positions. Spinning off the JV makes sense. A standalone consumer healthcare company can support higher leverage with its more durable cash flows. The consumer healthcare company would be leveraged to 3.5–4.0 times net debt/adjusted EBITDA at the point of separation, with the cash being retained in New GSK. New GSK would have the freedom to invest in innovative drug development with lower leverage.Glaxo dividend warningInvestor sentiment towards the JV and split was initially positive but soured over 2020 and into 2021. Although Glaxo retains sole decision-making rights over the split’s manner and timing until 2024, Pfizer insiders have publically disagreed on the method. The two parties butting heads might complicate and make the process more expensive. The potential for conflict seems to have worried investors enough to start questioning the split, particularly its threat to dividends. Glaxo has gone on to announced there will be a new dividend policy for New GSK in 2022, and aggregate dividend payments will likely fall.But, while other investors are selling Glaxo shares, I am still buying. On average, spin-offs have been good for investors, with shares in the parent and the subsidiary outperforming the wider market for the next couple of years. I expect that aggregate investor interest will increase after the split because there is now a choice of a riskier biopharma company and a stable consumer healthcare one.Drugs developments can fail and cause large losses. New GSK’s revenue and earnings will likely be lumpier without the smoothing effect of cash flows from consumer healthcare. I am in no doubt that aggregate risk will increase as a result of the split. I am prepared for dividends to fall to — and perhaps beyond — the 67p analysts forecast for 2022. But, that is still a 5.5% yield at current prices.Given the potential in New GSK’s pipeline, I think the two companies will get back to a combined 80p dividend in five or so years. Takeover offers are more likely on the two new and smaller companies, making potential capital gains a distinct possibility. However, income investors might be deterred by the possibility of losing income streams. The GlaxoSmithKline (LSE:GSK) share price is down 24% over 12 months. That seems at odds with the pharmaceutical giant reporting an increase in revenue and net income for 2020. The consumer healthcare division increased revenues by 14% in constant currency terms. Also, Glaxo maintained its dividend at 80p in 2020 and expects to pay shareholders the same in 2021. At the current price of 1,215p, the one-year forward dividend yield on Glaxo shares is 6.6%. James J. McCombie | Friday, 26th February, 2021 | More on: GSK James J. McCombie owns shares of GlaxoSmithKline. The Motley Fool UK has recommended GlaxoSmithKline. Views expressed on the companies mentioned in this article are those of the writer and therefore may differ from the official recommendations we make in our subscription services such as Share Advisor, Hidden Winners and Pro. Here at The Motley Fool we believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this.
Year: ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/444551/ballard-aperture-house-first-lamp-architecture-and-construction Clipboard photographs: Taylor CallawayPhotographs: Taylor CallawaySave this picture!© Taylor CallawayText description provided by the architects. Modern urban homes are a push against the increasing complexity of urban life. We depend on our homes to balance our life against the outside world. When we arrive home, we need a filter – a place that welcomes us while holding at bay the chaos of the world behind us. From inside, our view becomes sharpened because we have respite from the magnitude of its influence. Save this picture!© Taylor Callaway In every respect, these two homes embody the contemporary spirit of shelter. Space efficiency and material science have propelled our quest for a lighter footprint, and every detail has been crafted for the sole purpose of perfectly serving those inside. Available since early 2013, we are thrilled to announce the commencement of the Ballard Aperture Townhomes.Save this picture!Floor PlanProject gallerySee allShow lessHome Studio / Martin Schmidt Radic Arquitectos AsociadosSelected ProjectsReclaiming Rivers: The Latest Trend in Urban DesignArchitecture News Share United States Houses Architects: First Lamp Architecture and Construction Year Completion year of this architecture project Projects Ballard Aperture House / First Lamp Architecture and Construction “COPY” “COPY” CopyHouses•Seattle, United States Save this picture!© Taylor Callaway+ 14 Share 2013 ArchDaily Year: Photographs Ballard Aperture House / First Lamp Architecture and ConstructionSave this projectSaveBallard Aperture House / First Lamp Architecture and Construction ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/444551/ballard-aperture-house-first-lamp-architecture-and-construction Clipboard 2013 CopyAbout this officeFirst Lamp Architecture and ConstructionOfficeFollowProductsWoodGlassConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesSeattleHousesUnited StatesPublished on November 08, 2013Cite: “Ballard Aperture House / First Lamp Architecture and Construction” 08 Nov 2013. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
Five grantmakers have created an alliance call The Legacy 2013> Partnership to campaign for a post Olympic fund to support grassroots sports.London Funders, Comic Relief, Community Development Foundation, City Bridge Trust and Trust for London plan to create an endowed fund made up of both government and corporate money that will use sport as a catalyst for community development. They are using a feasibility study produced by London Funders to lobby Government asking for £60 million to be endowed as a match initiative that will raise additional money from the private sector.The campaign has been inspired by the LA84 Foundation which was set up after the Los Angeles Olympics. The Foundation is still helping deprived communities 28 years later.Speaking at today’s launch, Anita DeFrantz, Olympian, IOC member and President of the LA84 Foundation, said: “Why does the spirit of the Games need to last only four weeks? It can create a legacy that can last forever”. She acknowledged that good work had been done on grassroots sports legacy, but noted that funding largely runs out by 2017.A Legacy 2013>Fund would not be a direct grantmaker to grassroots sport organisations: instead it would fund existing experienced grantmakers to do so. It would start in London and roll out nationally, “bringing benefits to parts of the UK that have not been touched by London 2012”.Alison Seabrooke, Chief Executive, Community Development Foundation, said: “The really exciting thing about this is the difference it will make to the aspirations and achievements of whole communities. We have developed and managed funds like this before and have seen the impact they can have on grassroots groups. It only takes a small amount of money to make a difference and what a perfect time to seize the opportunity of the Olympic to engage and inspire some of the most deprived people in our communities.”The Legacy 2013> Fund feasibility study has received support from a wide range of other organisations including Capital FM’s Help a Capital Child, CCLA Investment Management, City Bridge Trust, East London Community Foundation, Laureus Sport for Good Foundation, Leyton Orient Community Foundation, London Youth, and Media Trust.www.legacy2013fund.org.uk About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. Tagged with: Funding Olympics 21 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Five funders propose post Olympic endowment fund to support grassroots sports Howard Lake | 24 July 2012 | News
Drew Mitchellhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/drew-mitchell/ Facebook + posts Linkedin Timeka Gordon influences America’s future leaders Previous articlePop Off Episode 3: Mat TalkNext articleBlanket Coverage – Episode 119 (TCU GETS A W, All-Star Weekend Recap, XFL Week 2) Drew Mitchell RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Drew Mitchell The Office of Religious & Spiritual Life to host eighth annual Crossroads Lecture TCU receives 100 more COVID-19 vaccines Drew Mitchellhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/drew-mitchell/ Twitter Drew Mitchellhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/drew-mitchell/ Drew Mitchell is a Journalism major with an African American Studies Minor from Arlington, Texas. He has worked on staff for TCU 360 since his freshman year and is currently the Executive Editor of the Skiff, where they design and print a weekly paper for the TCU community. ReddIt printDr. Khalil Muhammad speaking at the event yesterday. Photo by Haeven GibbonsA Harvard professor discussed the racial criminalization of African Americans throughout U.S. history in an event Wednesday organized by the comparative race and ethnic studies (CRES) department. Dr. Khalil Muhammad, a professor of history, race and public policy at Harvard’s John F. Kennedy School of Government, said the topic is important to discuss because crime statistics are the primary way America defines black people as inferior.He also said he teaches his students there is no way to understand any part of American history without understanding race and racism.Students, faculty and staff listened to Dr. Muhammad Wednesday in the Neeley School of Business. Photo by Haeven Gibbons“I hope students feel good about the work they’re doing, the struggles that they’re battling, and that they know they’re not alone,” Muhammad said. “That they know even at the richest, the most prestigious, the oldest university in this country, that there are people like me fighting the same fight.”Muhammad is a Chicago native and has had many career changes over the span of his professional life. He received his undergraduate degree in economics at the University of Pennsylvania and worked as a public accountant. Following that, he served as the director of the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture for five years.Muhammad said his work prior to being a professor taught him to teach his students that making decisions isn’t just about using their resources, but it is also based on their values.In his talk, he highlighted the history of Irish and Italian immigrants and how while their crime rates were similar to black people. They were offered help to civilize them, while blacks were met with heavy policing and mass criminalization.Somairi Tobin, a junior CRES major, said Muhammad’s talk was insightful, teaching him that education prevents repetition. He said he wants to be a part of the fight to break the cycle of oppression.“It’s a known fact that so much of this legislation is targeted towards African Americans, but the shock is how blatant the associated rhetoric is in its white biases,” Tobin said. He said he wants to take the same career path as Muhammad because there are many places struggling with cultural preservation and he wants to help. Muhammad said being the director of the Schomburg Center is his greatest accomplishment because it has become the cultural capital for Black America.Muhammad, who is also the great-grandson of religious leader Elijah Muhammad, said he was held accountable by civil rights activists like Al Sharpton and John Lewis. He said while his great grandfather died before he was born, his legacy, along with teachings from his father Ozier Muhammad — a Pulitzer prize-winning photojournalist — greatly influenced his passion for his work. Muhammad said the reason why he travels around the country, speaking at universities and educating students on the disparities black people have faced throughout history is that students are the future.“Students are the lifeline to the future,” he said. “Every student that I meet or teach has the potential to be a future leader and to make really important decisions about the kind of society we live in.”Tobin said we all have a part in ending racism.“It’s imperative we continue to combat and dismantle these archaic thought processes as well as the legislature they’ve birthed if we want any chance at equity,” he said. “Circumventing instructional racism is a gradual process, but I feel like we all need to take a bigger part in ending it.” ReddIt Dr. Khalil Muhammad speaking at the event yesterday. Photo by Haeven Gibbons. Twitter Drew Mitchellhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/drew-mitchell/ World Oceans Day shines spotlight on marine plastic pollution Facebook Linkedin Landing zones to remain on campus for spring semester TCU places second in the National Student Advertising Competition, the highest in school history Welcome TCU Class of 2025
ChinaAsia – Pacific Sun Hongjie (孙虹杰), a reporter for the daily Beijing Chengbao (北疆晨报), died yesterday in a hospital in Kuitun, in the northwestern province of Xinjiang, from the head injuries he received in an attack on the night of 18 December. He had been in a coma ever since the assault.The circumstances surrounding his death remain highly suspicious. So it is the haste with which the local authorities insisted that the attack had nothing to do with his work as a journalist, a conclusion disputed by his colleagues at the newspaper and other Chinese journalists.Aged 38, Sun was working on sensitive stories including the demolition of housing to make way for new homes for officials. Reporters Without Borders urges the authorities in Beijing to order an exhaustive police investigation into his death, one does not rule out the possibility of a link to his reporting.————–21.12.2010Newspaper reporter in coma after beating in XinjiangSun Hongjie (孙虹杰), a newspaper reporter based in Kuitun (奎屯市), in the northwestern province of Xinjiang (新疆), is in deep coma since yesterday as a result of the head injuries he received when he was attacked by four or five men on the night of 18 December. Sun worked for the provincial daily Beijiang Chenbao (Beijang Morning Newspaper, 北疆晨报).Reporters Without Borders is saddened to learn of Sun’s severe injuries and voices its full support for his family and colleagues.In view of the suspicious nature of the attack, Reporters Without Borders urges the local and national authorities to carry out a transparent investigation that examines all the possible motives. If the authorities want to prevent any rumours about the underlying reasons for Sun’s attack, it is in their interest to conduct an impartial and exhaustive investigation.Murders attempts of journalists are sufficiently rare in China for the police and judicial authorities to be ready and able to move quickly on this case. The last confirmed case of a murder of a journalist was in 2007.The attack on Sun took place as he was returning home. His assailants dragged him to a deserted construction site and beat him over the head. Doctors declared him brain-dead yesterday morning.The local authorities have already arrested six suspects. But Sun’s colleagues insist that it was not, as the police are claiming, an ordinary case of violent robbery or a brawl outside a bar. Sun’s attackers did not take his wallet or mobile phone and did not beat him up in the standard fashion. They just hit his head.His colleagues say he was working on a sensitive story about the demolition of housing to make way for new homes for officials. Speaking on condition of anonymity, one colleague told fellow-journalists that Sun had “an idealistic vision of journalism.”The authorities lost no time in saying that Sun’s attack has nothing to do with his work as a journalist and have ordered the staff of Beijiang Chenbao not to post any information about the case online. Their haste and censorship attempts have just fuelled the suspicions of many observers. March 12, 2021 Find out more Organisation ChinaAsia – Pacific to go further China: Political commentator sentenced to eight months in prison Help by sharing this information December 29, 2010 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Journalist dies of head injuries after 10 days in coma Democracies need “reciprocity mechanism” to combat propaganda by authoritarian regimes News China’s Cyber Censorship Figures News Receive email alerts News Follow the news on China April 27, 2021 Find out more News June 2, 2021 Find out more RSF_en
July 17, 2015 – Updated on January 30, 2017 Leaders who publicly threaten journalists “If censorship reigns, there cannot be sincere flattery, and none but little men are afraid oflittle writings,” Pierre Beaumarchais wrote in The Marriage of Figaro. In this presentation, Reporters Without Borders denounces the “little presidents” who publicly attack journalists and media outlets instead of responding to their criticism.Reporting is a dangerous job in some countries and journalists who ask irritating questions or shine a light on government corruption often find themselves the targets of presidential anger.Some presidents tolerate no disagreement, not even the least debate. Others routinely identify any expression of doubt as an act of opposition, sedition or conspiracy, or as foreign interference. Others, the repeat offenders, wage campaigns of harassment against the media outlets or journalists they dislike.And finally, there are those who say nothing because they already have such an effective system of censorship that there is never any need to issue reminders to already compliant media. From veiled allusions to open death threats, the style varies from country to country but the goal remains the same – to gag information.“A threshold is crossed when a head of state lets loose a stream of verbal abuse against media personnel who are just doing their work,” Reporters Without Borders secretary-general Christophe Deloire said. “How can journalists function normally if the state that is supposed to guarantee their safety is headed by a person who holds them up to contempt, bullies them and threatens them, opening the way to abuses against the media that go unpunished.”The examples chosen reflect the characteristics of the relationship between the state and journalists in each region. Individually, some of these comments may seem relatively harmless, but collectively they highlight the shocking climate of tension to which journalists are exposed in certain countries.LATIN AMERICAMany Latin American presidents do not hesitate to berate the news media and vilify journalism in their public addresses. Their attacks are frontal and accusatory. Some incite hatred and even violence. This is very worrying. Such insults coming from the highest level of the state can only further undermine freedom of information, which is already under attack in Latin America. And they are liable to be interpreted as a blank cheque for abuses against journalists.Some presidents choose to attack journalists to avoid debating ideas. In very polarized countries where the media are often used for political ends, accusing journalists of being biased or plotting against the government is easier than responding to criticism. Instead of eliciting a response, instead of prompting a debate, independent journalism just meets with slander and insults. Any criticism of government policy is liable to be branded as an attack on the country.According to the Declaration on Principles of Freedom of Expression by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR), presidents are supposed to guarantee the safety of their fellow citizens. Instead, verbal abuse of the media by presidents such as Maduro, Correa and Hernández foster a dangerous climate of censorship, self-censorship and impunity for violence against journalists.When Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro gives news conferences (at which questions from journalists are never welcome), he rarely misses an opportunity to accuse foreign news media such as CNN en Español and the Miami Herald of waging an “international campaign” against Venezuela. When inaugurating homes paid for by the government in September 2014, he referred to a plan to “poison and dump their poison on Venezuela and elsewhere in the world,” using virulent language to accuse the media of being biased and pursuing a hidden agenda.Ecuador’s President Rafael Correa uses the same methods in his weekly TV broadcasts known as “Enlaces Ciudadanos” (Citizen Liaisons). In Enlace Ciudadano No. 424 on 16 May 2015, he attacked the editor of the Crudo Ecuador website, threatening to “respond with the same weapons.” And, in reaction to TV presenter Alfonso Espinosa’s comments on plans to eliminate term limits for elected politicians, he accused journalists of using “the opposition’s dishonest discourse to demonize what is perfectly legitimate, democratic and transparent.”Honduran President Juan Orlando Hernández paid tribute to journalists in his own special way on 25 May 2015, celebrated as Day of the Journalist in Honduras. Reacting to allegations of ruling National Party involvement in embezzling social security funds, he lashed out as “pseudo-journalists (who) dissemble, distort and invent.”EASTERN EUROPE AND CENTRAL ASIAInsulting journalists is an integral part of President Erdogan’s methods, which are characterized by populism, conspiracy theories and intolerance. In response to criticism, he usually tries to smear his critics. If they are lucky, he just calls them “ignorant.” But he is more likely to brand them as “agents of subversion,” “foreign spies” or even some kind of “terrorist.” These verbal attacks are symptomatic of the authoritarian tendencies of a leader whose vision of the world is becoming more and more polarized and paranoid. The loss of his parliamentary majority should force him to seek consensus. Will it also put a stop to his insults?The all-powerful Chechen president’s crude language and inappropriate comments help to sustain the climate of arbitrary rule and fear that dominates his long-suffering republic. Mixing his private and public lives, Ramzan Kadyrov posts praise and blistering attacks on Instagram along with photos of his family, friends and associates. His nefarious reputation, the summary methods employed by his militiamen, and the tragic fate suffered by many of his opponents lend a great deal of weight to his words.But verbal excesses are just one element in an extensive arsenal of intimidatory methods. While allowing government propaganda to create an increasingly hostile environment, Russian President Vladimir Putin usually refrains from direct attacks on critical journalists, pretending to be unaware of them. Central Asia’s eternal despots, ever mindful to maintain a presidential stature often bordering on deification, are usually restrained in their public statements. And anyway, the Turkmen, Uzbek and Kazakh leaders have suppressed pluralism so effectively that virtually no critical journalists are left.EUROPEAN UNION AND BALKANS“When I look at you, I understand why you are always negative. Nothing positive can come from you, anyway (…) The fact that you raise these subjects is not surprising. You come from a newspaper of a certain kind and, obviously, from an ethnic background of that certain too. You do it on purpose.”This was the response that President Milorad Dodik of the Republika Srpska, the Serbian part of Bosnia and Herzegovina, gave to a question from Gordana Katana of the independent daily Oslobodenje during a news conference on 14 March 2015. She had asked him about a relative of his who had been given a prison sentence and was on the run. Not content with these comments, Dodik subsequently ordered all government departments to cancel their Oslobodenje subscriptions.Elected in 2010, the ultranationalist Dodik lords it over a country with widespread corruption and clientelism, and reacts with hostility to difficult questions from journalists, especially female ones. When a woman journalist with the TV programme 60 Minutes asked him a question, he replied: “You work for 60 Minutes? It’s a really lousy programme, it’s complete crap (…) I see that you at least are presentable. But you’re not pretty.” Such aggressiveness towards journalists is not unique in the Balkans, where it is used to deter media interest in matters involving the government and to divert attention by creating controversy.The method is also used elsewhere in Europe including the European Union, where more and more leading politicians are being aggressive towards journalists. Last year, Hungary’s deputy prime minister described investigative journalists as “traitors” and said they were working for a “foreign power.” In France, the leaders of the far-right National Front often insult and intimidate journalists, treating them with a hostility that is increasingly seen across the entire French political spectrum.AFRICAJournalists in Africa are often treated as spies, terrorists or traitors, and are subjected to threats and physical attacks (that are rarely punished) and to judicial harassment designed to discourage them from investigating potentially embarrassing stories. Protected by a compliant judicial system and by security services that keep the pressure on journalists who don’t toe the line, Africa’s presidents constantly proclaim their undying attachment to media freedom and democracy. But from time to time, the varnish cracks.This is how Gambia’s President Yayah Jammeh spoke of journalists in 2011: “The journalists are less than 1 percent of the population, and if anybody expects me to allow less than 1 percent of the population to destroy 99 percent of the population, you are in the wrong place.” And he added: “I don’t have an opposition. What we have are people that hate the country, and I will not work with them.”Investigative journalism is too often accused of being a form of opposition politics. Obviously there are politicized news media in Africa, but journalists who do nothing more than call on the authorities to account for their actions or draw attention to the population’s problems find themselves accused of “hating their country and government.”Guinea may be less dangerous than Gambia, but journalists (and those who defend them) are treated no less dismissively there by President Alpha Condé. Journalists, he said in November 2014, “can do anything they like (…) They can write what they want. It is of no importance. I don’t read newspapers, I don’t go online and I don’t listen to radio stations.” And he added: “I don’t give a damn what Reporters Without Borders writes (…) they don’t rule Guinea. I’m not scared of international law or human rights (…) Everyone will respect the law in Guinea.”But if Guinea’s authorities are indifferent to what journalists say, why did the High Authority for Communication ban live discussion programmes and restrict press reviews in the national media in the run-up to this year’s presidential election?Displaying complete contempt for journalists and their “idiotic” questions is also Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe’s way of dealing with the media. During an African Union summit in Cairo in 2010, Mugabe’s bodyguards manhandled a British journalist who dared to ask on what basis he considered himself president. “Are your security guards going to hit me in front of the cameras?” the journalist asked. The enraged Mugabe replied: “Stop asking stupid questions. You are an idiot.”Mugabe brushed aside a journalist’s questions in a similar fashion in April 2014, saying: “I don’t want to see a white face.” And he dislikes not only seeing troublesome journalists but also being seen by them. His security detail forced several journalists to delete the photos they had taken of him falling as he left Harare airport in February 2015. When you’re trying to portray a 91-year-old president as still indestructible, the public eye can be a big nuisance.ASIAThailand’s prime minister, Gen. Prayut Chan-o-cha was asked at a news conference on 25 March 2015 what the government would do to journalists who do not stick to the official line. “We’ll probably just execute them,” he replied tersely.Since imposing martial law in May 2014, Gen. Prayut has cracked down hard on those who defy his policies and defend the fundamental right to criticize. He has gagged reporters, bloggers and news outlets regarded as overly critical of himself or his military government. The growing hostility towards the media being voiced publicly by Prayut has drawn the entire world’s attention to his contempt for freedom of information and its defenders, regarded as a threat to the nation.Prayut clearly does not think it is the job of journalists to question the government. On the contrary, speaking on 5 March, celebrated as “Reporters Day” in Thailand, he said journalists should “play a major role in supporting the government’s affairs, practically creating the understanding of government’s policies to the public, and reduce the conflicts in the society.”Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung’s policy with journalists is to brand them as malevolent enemies and to dismiss revelations about communist party corruption as “despicable stratagems by hostile forces.” When Dung threatens outspoken bloggers with “severe punishments,” the deterrent effect is guaranteed because no fewer than 27 citizen-journalists and bloggers are currently detained in Vietnam. In 2012 alone, the Vietnamese authorities prosecuted no fewer than 48 bloggers and human rights defenders, sentencing them to a total of 166 years in prison and 63 years of probation.Chinese presidents rarely refer to media freedom. It took a joint news conference with US President Barack Obama in November 2014 for Xi Jinping to take a public position on the issue. The difficult question obviously did not come from a Chinese reporter. Alluding to censorship of the New York Times after it revealed the wealth of then Prime Minister Wen Jiabao’s family in 2012, a New York Times reporter asked if Beijing was going to lift its restrictions on foreign journalists working in China. Xi replied: “In Chinese, we have a saying: ‘The party which has created the problem should be the one to help resolve it.’ So perhaps we should look into the problem to see where the cause lies.”The Chinese president’s attempt to shift the blame on to the foreign media did not unfortunately receive the international condemnation it deserved. According to a survey by the Foreign Correspondents’ Club of China, nearly one China-based foreign correspondent in 10 has been threatened with the non-renewal of their visa because of what they have written. The New York Times has not been able to appoint new China correspondents because the government systematically refuses to give them visas.When Burma’s President Thein Sein issued a warning to the media during a radio address in July 2014, his words were not taken lightly. “If media freedom threatens national security instead of helping the nation, I want to warn all that we will take effective action under existing laws,” the president said. Seven journalists have been jailed in Burma since the start of 2014. Usurping the press council’s role, the authorities have taken it upon themselves to act as the guarantors of journalistic ethics and to severely punish media outlets deemed guility of professional misconduct.Like the accusation of endangering national security or state interests, the charge of “sedition” is one of the ways government leaders use to gag the media. Malaysia’s Prime Minister Najib Razak often uses the newly-reinforced Sedition Act to order prosecutions of journalists, bloggers and other critics including the cartoonist Zunar. And Najib does not hesitate to directly and publicly threaten media outlets with legal action. He says he is ready to listen to “constructive criticism” from journalists, but when they cover abusive government practices, he orders police raids designed to censor and deter media from continuing to cover Malaysian politics freely.MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICAInstead of direct verbal attacks on journalists, Middle Eastern leaders usually resort to illegal arrests, arbitrary prison sentences, torture and enforced disappearances when expressing their contempt for the media.Middle Eastern journalists are often convicted on such charges as “disseminating false information endangering state security,” “supporting or condoning terrorism” or “disturbing public order.” Many have been treated as spies, liars or idiots, but few presidents have publicly voiced such accusations.Most of the region’s leaders give few interviews and carefully vet the media that are granted access. This is the case with Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, who has been very inaccessible since the start of the crisis in Syria although it is the world’s deadliest country for journalists. It is also the case with Algeria’s President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, who has rarely been exposed to the media since his health deteriorated.Ali Khamenei has never given an interview or news conference since taking over as the Islamic Republic of Iran’s Supreme Leader in 1989. In 2000, he described the pro-reform press that had emerged since President Mohammad Khatami’s election in 1997 as “a base of operations by foreign enemies inside our country.” The comment was accompanied by an order to carry out raids on journalists and media outlets.Since then, at least 300 media outlets have been closed as “foreign enemies within the country,” thousands of news websites have been censored and more than 500 journalists, bloggers and other online information activists have been arbitrarily arrested, tortured and given long jail terms, while many others have had to flee abroad. New media and satellite TV stations broadcasting to Iran from outside the country are the latest targets. Iran is now one of the world’s biggest prisons for journalists, like Egypt, where journalists who do not toe the government line are accused by President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi of being “terrorists.” Not that a great deal is said on the subject. Sisi’s regime prefers imprisonment to insults.As for the Gulf monarchies, they rarely address the national media and do not insult journalists publicly because they are concerned about their international image. Independent and critical media are nonetheless rarely tolerated in these countries, where censorship and self-censorship prevail. The only space that may still be found for freedom of expression and information is online. News Help by sharing this information There are heads of state and governments who publicly refer to journalists in a contemptuous, insulting, defamatory or racist manner, violating the principle of freedom of information and drawing attention to the terrible pressure to which media personnel are often subjected just for doing their job. Organisation RSF_en