Mauritius Union Assurance Co. Limited (MUA.mu) listed on the Stock Exchange of Mauritius under the Insurance sector has released it’s 2007 annual report.For more information about Mauritius Union Assurance Co. Limited (MUA.mu) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Mauritius Union Assurance Co. Limited (MUA.mu) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Mauritius Union Assurance Co. Limited (MUA.mu) 2007 annual report.Company ProfileMauritius Union Assurance Co. Limited offers general insurance for individuals and corporates. The company operates through Casualty, Property, Life, and Other segments, where the Casualty segment offers motor, liability and cash in transit, personal accident and health insurance products. The Property segment provides fire and allied perils, engineering, marine, and all risks insurance products. The Life segment offers life and pension insurance products. The Other segment provides stock-broking services. The company provides additional financial services as well, where housing, educational and vehicle loans are offered. Mauritius Union Assurance Co. Limited has four subsidiaries that work under it, Feber Associates Ltd, National Mutual Fund Ltd and Phoenix TransAfrica Holdings Ltd are fully owned subsidiaries. The Group also owns an 80% stake in Associated Brokers Ltd. Mauritius Union Assurance Co. Limited is listed on the Stock Exchange of Mauritius.
Unic Diversified Holdings Plc (UNIC.ng) listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange under the Insurance sector has released it’s 2017 interim results for the third quarter.For more information about Unic Diversified Holdings Plc (UNIC.ng) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Unic Diversified Holdings Plc (UNIC.ng) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Unic Diversified Holdings Plc (UNIC.ng) 2017 interim results for the third quarter.Company ProfileUnic Insurance Plc is an insurance company in Nigeria offering life and health insurance products for the personal and corporate sectors. Life insurance products cover mortgage protection, credit life, whole life, term assurance, educator protector, travel and funeral insurance. Unic Insurance Plc also offers financial products for basic savings, investment, estate, retirement, trust, annuity, life assurance and credit scheme plans as well as services for asset management, real estate/property development, and advisory and fund management services. Established in 1965, the company was formerly known as United Nigeria Insurance Company Limited. The company’s head office is in Lagos, Nigeria. Unic Insurance Plc is listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange
Please enter your name here The Anatomy of Fear Please enter your comment! Free webinar for job seekers on best interview answers, hosted by Goodwill June 11 It has been a violent year in Central Florida, and stolen firearms are part of that issue. However an 18-year program put on by local law enforcement agencies is doing its part to alleviate the problem of stolen guns.An unwanted gun can easily become a stolen gun, and stolen guns are often involved in violent crimes according to two government studies.A U.S. Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics report found that 1.4 million firearms were stolen across the United States from 2005 through 2010 (there is no more current study). It also found that the vast majority — at least 80 percent — was never recovered, and that almost 1 in 5 (18%) of the mass shootings in the United States took place with stolen weapons.Now in its 18th year, Kicks 4 Guns has grown to 15 locations around Central Florida, and involves law enforcement agencies in eight counties. Its goal is to get unwanted guns off the streets.In Apopka, Kicks for Guns will take place on Friday, August 11th at The John Bridges Center (445 W 13th Street) from 7am-7pm. The Orange County Sheriff’s Office will be in charge of the gun exchange.The event allows residents to anonymously turn in unwanted weapons — no questions asked — in return for shoes or gift cards. No ID is required. At the Apopka event, a $50 gift card is the only option.Kicks for Guns has removed nearly 10,000 unwanted guns from the streets of Central Florida in its first 17 years. Last year almost 800 weapons were collected.Any and all guns are welcome. People walking or driving to the event are encouraged to place their UNLOADED guns in a sealed bag or box clearly marked Kicks for Guns.No one may enter the event carrying a gun. Guns are handed over to the police at the gate where they are checked, tagged and stacked. Only people turning in guns and those accompanying them may enter the event. All others are required to remain outside the gates and view the event from there TAGSKicks 4 GunsOrange County Sheriff’s Office Previous articleTropical Storm Earl: 8:00 PM UpdateNext articleCity of Apopka receives 70K for water conservation Denise Connell RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter Support conservation and fish with NEW Florida specialty license plate LEAVE A REPLY Cancel reply You have entered an incorrect email address! Please enter your email address here Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.
ArchDaily Haines House / Christopher Polly Architect Year: Australia Architects: Christopher Polly Architect Area Area of this architecture project Houses “COPY” ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/105210/haines-house-christopher-polly-architect Clipboard Save this picture!© Brett Boardman+ 28 Share CopyHouses•Sydney, Australia Photographs: Brett BoardmanText description provided by the architects. Haines House is located in the inner city Sydney suburb of Newtown, in an area that is steadily displaying evidence of gentrification in the general upgrade of the surrounding urban fabric. The immediate context is comprised of predominantly single storey attached and semi-detached residences with intermittent 2 storey dwellings and 3 to 4 storey apartment blocks.Save this picture!plansRecommended ProductsWindowsVEKAWindows – SOFTLINE 82 ADWindowsStudcoSteel Window Reveal – EzyRevealWindowsRabel Aluminium SystemsMinimal Casement Windows – Rabel 8400 Slim Super Thermal PlusWoodSculptformTimber Click-on BattensThe proposal involved the complete refurbishment of an existing single storey semi-detached dwelling with the addition of an open plan volume beyond the original rear existing roof plane, to improve the physical and visual relationships to the new rear garden, while harnessing improved access to sunlight, natural ventilation and views to borrowed landscapes and sky beyond. Save this picture!© Brett BoardmanThe generation of the design entailed two formal strategies: Save this picture!© Brett Boardman1. A clear response to place in three acts involved extrapolating the line of the rear roof pitch of the immediate adjoined dwelling to generate the form of the singular roof and ceiling plane, extruding this to the extent of the rear setback alignment of this adjoined dwelling in plan, followed by the extension of an existing low roof level along the unadjoined eastern edge to the new rear footprint – under which a long ‘working wall’ spine accommodates a kitchen, storage and varying configurations of joinery, extending outside to accommodate a second toilet with basin. Save this picture!© Brett Boardman2. The retention of the original front dwelling and centrally located bathroom enabled old and new fabric to stitch and enmesh an alternating sequence of compression and expansion, enfolding a series of expressed rooms from the narrow hall and front cellular 3-room layout, to open release in a newly accommodated Living room, followed by a compressed scale shift and downward change in level via an almost secreted passage into the new heightened rear openness of a Dining, Kitchen, second Living space. Save this picture!© Brett BoardmanThe height of the low roof served to establish a datum that scribed the alignment of all elements wrapped around the interior of the rear volume, setting the heights of the rear steel door head and sliding doors, timber board wall linings, timber board lined laundry units and new wall heights of the retained bathroom. Save this picture!© Brett BoardmanFixed highlight glazing finely connects these newly established bathroom wall heights with the singular ceiling plane, enclosing it from surrounding spaces while borrowing light from three directions. An arrangement of fine steel plate supports and banks of highlight louvred and fixed windows march along and above the entire eastern low roofed working wall, bridging the high and low roofs and wrapping to the rear southern orientation, while a series of pocket concealed timber framed sliding doors extend the living spaces onto a roofed terrace that directly connects to the enclosed private garden and surround borrowed landscape beyond.Save this picture!sections 01Project gallerySee allShow lessCultural and Spiritual Russian Orthodox Center in Paris / DATA ArchitectesArticlesAstrium Nature Select Shop / Popular ArchitectureArticles Share Area: 115 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/105210/haines-house-christopher-polly-architect Clipboard CopyAbout this officeChristopher Polly ArchitectOfficeFollow#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesDabasSydneyHouses3D ModelingAustraliaPublished on January 23, 2011Cite: “Haines House / Christopher Polly Architect” 23 Jan 2011. ArchDaily. Accessed 12 Jun 2021.
Projects “COPY” Architects: Pich-Aguilera Architects Area Area of this architecture project Area: 2763 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Spain Save this picture!© Simón García+ 18 Share Photographs: Simón GarcíaGroup Directors:Pau Casaldáliga, Ángel Sendarrubias.Project Director:Jordi ParísIntern Collaborators:Salvador GirventFacilities:AvantMeasurements And Budget:Leopoldo VarasFinal Cost:1.966.090,05 €Promoter:Fundació ARAMArchitects In Charge:Felip Pich-Aguilera Baurier, Teresa Batlle i PagèsCity:GavàCountry:SpainMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Simón GarcíaRecommended ProductsFiber Cements / CementsEQUITONEFiber Cement Facade Panel NaturaFiber Cements / CementsRieder GroupFacade Panels – concrete skinFiber Cements / CementsApavisaTiles – Nanofusion 7.0WoodBlumer LehmannFree Form Structures for Wood ProjectsText description provided by the architects. The project of Gavá is a block of social housing, developed by Aram Foundation.Since the project’s inception in 2009 until the completion of the work in 2013, public and bank’s helps have suffered such deep changes that have destabilized, mainly to citizens in need of affordable housing, and also, to foundations or companies that promote this type of activity.Save this picture!© Simón GarcíaIt is a multi-family housing building consisting of 30 homes, 6 per plant, of 2 and 3 bedrooms.Save this picture!Ground Floor PlanThe project is developed in the Partial Plan of the sector “Riera de San Llorenç” Gavá with use of generally protected housing scheme, as provided in its management.Save this picture!© Simón GarcíaThe planning provides a specific volume alienated the street; parallel to this, the site has a steep slope that optimizes the parking floor and provides it with ventilation and natural light.Save this picture!© Simón GarcíaThe project is built with industrial systems in its structure, enclosure and some elements of its facilities.Save this picture!© Simón GarcíaThe structure is made of concrete, based on load-bearing walls, columns and hollow core slabs. A light ventilated facade of corrugated sheet covers the entire building, allowing continuity, a unique texture and weightlessness. The facade is customized by the spacious balconies of each dwelling.Save this picture!Cross Section AASystems of centralized facilities are proposed to ensure maximum efficiency; solar panels feed domestic hot water and give support to heating. Control and monitoring of each housing is planned is introduced to ensure smooth operation an energy management.Save this picture!© Simón GarcíaProject gallerySee allShow lessThis New Brick by MIT-Researchers Uses Little Energy and Helps Deplete LandfillsArchitecture NewsAD Essentials: ModernismArticlesProject locationAddress:Gavà, Barcelona, SpainLocation to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address. Share ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/770085/30-social-dwellings-in-gava-pich-aguilera-architects Clipboard 2014 ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/770085/30-social-dwellings-in-gava-pich-aguilera-architects Clipboard Photographs “COPY” Year: ArchDaily 30 social dwellings in Gavá / Pich-Aguilera Architects 30 social dwellings in Gavá / Pich-Aguilera ArchitectsSave this projectSave30 social dwellings in Gavá / Pich-Aguilera Architects CopySocial Housing•Gavà, Spain Social Housing CopyAbout this officePich-Aguilera ArchitectsOfficeFollowProductsSteelConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureSocial HousingGavàSpainPublished on July 15, 2015Cite: “30 social dwellings in Gavá / Pich-Aguilera Architects” 15 Jul 2015. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
United States Projects “COPY” Manufacturers: AutoDesk, Hansgrohe, Bertazzoni, Grohe, Litecontrol, Marvin, Miele, Alaskan Yellow Cedar, Corian, Diode LED, Dynamic Windows, Stucco, Thea, Trimble, WAC LightingDesign Team:Jasmit Rangr, Eivind Karlsen, Yvonne-Demitra KonstantinidisClients:Jasmit RangrEngineering:ZFA Structural EngineersLandscape:Bryn Rowe, Jasmit RangrCity:BerkeleyCountry:United StatesMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Joe FletcherText description provided by the architects. Located in the Berkeley Hills, on a steep incline facing panoramic views of the San Francisco Bay, the design of this three-level house is guided by seismic constraints, topography, micro-climate, sun path, and the property’s protected oak trees. To address the risks of earthquakes and landslides, the house is built on grade beams resting on concrete piles embedded in bedrock, avoiding the complexity and expense of excavation and retaining walls. The design includes the first use of residential seismic damper frames which slow the response of the structure in a seismic event and allow it to withstand the maximum predicted earthquake with minimal damage.Save this picture!© Matthew MillmanSave this picture!South elevationSave this picture!© Matthew MillmanThroughout the house, small cantilevers extend space beyond the major structural ele-ments that are directly in-line with the foundations. On the upper level, the most dra-matic of the cantilevers extends beyond the western facade, projecting visitors out into the view. Given a year-round temperate yet chilly climate, the home’s living area is glazed to the south and west, creating a space that maximizes solar heat gain.Save this picture!© Joe FletcherSave this picture!© Matthew MillmanLarge sliding glass doors and high clerestory windows allow cooling breezes to regulate temperature, so the living area feels very much like an exterior covered porch. The middle level remains cooler, and by opening a large glazed door on the lower level, the chimney effect brings more cool air to the upper level.Save this picture!© Matthew MillmanSave this picture!© Matthew MillmanThe house requires very little heating and no air-conditioning. Solar panels on the roof create more than enough electricity for the house and an electric car. By weaving the design through the site’s constraints and riches, the design creates a warm home lit by golden light, profoundly connected to its landscape with a net-positive energy footprint.Save this picture!© Joe FletcherProject gallerySee allShow lessFrom a Complicated Present, Urban Reuse Parks Look to the FutureArticlesRichard Rogers, One of the Leading Architects of the British High-Tech MovementArchitecture News Share Photographs House of Light / Rangr Studio Area: 2850 ft² Year Completion year of this architecture project ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/944145/house-of-light-rangr-studio Clipboard Photographs: Matthew Millman, Joe Fletcher Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project 2018 “COPY” Save this picture!© Matthew Millman+ 24Curated by Paula Pintos Share Year: Houses CopyHouses•Berkeley, United States House of Light / Rangr StudioSave this projectSaveHouse of Light / Rangr Studio Architects: Rangr Studio Area Area of this architecture project ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/944145/house-of-light-rangr-studio Clipboard ArchDaily CopyAbout this officeRangr StudioOfficeFollow#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesBerkeleyOn FacebookUnited StatesPublished on July 23, 2020Cite: “House of Light / Rangr Studio” 23 Jul 2020. ArchDaily. Accessed 10 Jun 2021.
317 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis1 AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis1 About Melanie May Melanie May is a journalist and copywriter specialising in writing both for and about the charity and marketing services sectors since 2001. She can be reached via www.thepurplepim.com. Melanie May | 25 February 2021 | News Advertisement Lincoln based software startup Everfund has announced that its latest investor is American billionaire and software entrepreneur Tom Preston-Werner.Everfund has developed a charity donation platform that helps charities create, share and track donation portals, called donation links, for use across multiple charity engagement channels such as social media, print, and websites. Co-founders Chris Burns and Will De Ath claim it costs charities up to six times less than other platforms and take as little as 3 screens and 30 seconds or less to donate.Having trialled the software platform with local charities including St. Barnabas and Betel for Britain, the team can provide qualitative and quantitative statistics to demonstrate the cost savings and performance for the processing of donations.Preston-Werner’s investment into Everfund is only his second venture into the UK and he plans to coach and advise the Everfund team on how best to scale their business.His investment comes ahead of Everfund’s new investment round and will play a big part in securing the company’s growth plans.The next stage for the company is to share Everfund with national charities throughout the early part of 2021, and ultimately on an international stage by 2022 to help them bounce back from the impact of the pandemic.Everfund co-founder, Christopher Burns stated:“I’m overwhelmed that Tom offered to invest in us after we introduced Everfund, and the opportunity of working alongside one of the most pivotal developers in the software industry will help take the business to scale and move our growth strategy forward even more rapidly.” Tagged with: donation processing Technology Everfund secures Silicon Valley billionaire investor
April 28, 2021 Find out more RSF_en April 2, 2021 Find out more to go further News Journalists threatened with imprisonment under Turkey’s terrorism law News Help by sharing this information November 26, 2015 – Updated on March 8, 2016 Will RSF Press Freedom Prize recipient be jailed tonight in Istanbul? TurkeyEurope – Central Asia Turkey’s never-ending judicial persecution of former newspaper editor April 2, 2021 Find out more TurkeyEurope – Central Asia Human rights groups warns European leaders before Turkey summit News Follow the news on Turkey Organisation News Reporters Without Borders (RSF) condemns the “political persecution” of two senior editors of the Istanbul daily Cumhuriyet, who are facing the possibility of being jailed this evening, and urges the judge hearing the case to dismiss the charges against them. Cumhuriyet was awarded this year’s RSF Press Freedom Prize in the media category just a week ago.RSF was stunned to learn that the Istanbul prosecutor’s officer today requested that Cumhuriyet editor Can Dündar and his Ankara representative Erdem Gül should be placed in pre-trial detention on charges of membership of a terrorist organization, espionage and divulging state secrets.As soon as the prosecutor had presented his request, the two journalists were taken before a judge, who is expected to rule on the request this evening.Dündar and Gül were placed under investigation in connection with an article in May about allegations that Turkey’s National Intelligence Organization (MIT) had been delivering arms to rebels in Syria. The newspaper produced a video and photos to support the claim.“A week ago, Can Dündar was with us in Strasbourg to receive the 2015 RSF and TV5 Monde Press Freedom Prize,” Reporters Without Borders secretary-general Christophe Deloire said.“President Erdogan personally filed a complaint against Dündar and publicly vowed that he would ‘not get away with it.’ If these two journalists are imprisoned, it will be additional evidence that the Turkish authorities are ready to use methods worthy of a bygone age in order to suppress independent journalism in Turkey.”“Such government meddling in the judicial system is incompatible with a commitment to democratic values and a desire to join the European Union, which Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu has just reaffirmed in strong terms,” RSF Turkey representative Erol Önderoglu added “There will be no mistaking the significance. A decision by the judge to grant the request by the prosecutor’s office will send an extremely grave signal about media freedom in Turkey.” Receive email alerts
News UpdatesVirudhnagar Firecracker Factory Blast: NGT Issues Notice To Tamil Nadu, Central And State Pollution Control Board, Forms 8-Member Committee Srishti Ojha19 Feb 2021 2:19 AMShare This – xThe National Green Tribunal has on Tuesday issued notices to the State of Tamil Nadu, Central and State Pollution Control Board and the District Magistrate in the matter of blast at a firecracker factory in Virudhnagar. The Principal Bench of Delhi has also formed a eight member committee to secure credible facts and look into the incident that left 19 dead and more than…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe National Green Tribunal has on Tuesday issued notices to the State of Tamil Nadu, Central and State Pollution Control Board and the District Magistrate in the matter of blast at a firecracker factory in Virudhnagar. The Principal Bench of Delhi has also formed a eight member committee to secure credible facts and look into the incident that left 19 dead and more than 30 injured, after taking cognisance of a news News item published in the News Indian Express dated 12th Feb 2021. The District magistrate and the State Pollution Control Board have been asked to provide logistic support to the Committee to enable their fact- finding and reporting, and the State has been asked to bear the Committee’s initial cost of functioning including the honorarium to the non-official members to be determined in consultation with them. The Committee has been granted the liberty to take assistance of such experts, individuals and institutions as they deem necessary, with the Central and State Pollution Control Board will jointly acting as nodal agency for coordination and compliance. The Committee has been given the liberty to visit the site preferably within one week and submit its report to the Tribunal, with details including the sequence of events, causes of failure and persons and authorities responsible. The Tribunal has also asked the Committee to report about the status of onsite and offsite plans, mock drills and safety SoPs, along with the extent of damage caused to life, public health, and environment. The Tribunal has asked for the Committee’s input regarding the steps to be taken for compensating the victims and restitution of the damaged property and environment along with remedial measures to prevent recurrence. The Committee will be free to conduct its proceedings online and take the assistance from any other expert or organisation. It may suitably interact with the stakeholders and, apart from considering the present incident, also consider remedial measures for preventing such incident in the area or by other establishments even beyond the area. The information about existence and working of onsite and offsite plans in terms of 1989 Rules and conducting of mock drills and safety SOPs. number of such units in the area and the carrying capacity may be compiled stating if siting criteria for such establishments needs to be reviewed considering the area’s habitation or other establishments in the vicinity. The Tribunal has also asked for a compilation of reports of Expert Committees that dealt with similar issues of industrial accidents resulting in deaths and injuries in the recent past. The Tribunal has in its order observed that the incident has given rise to a substantial question of environment relating to compliance of the Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemical Rules, 1989 and Chemical Accidents (Emergency Planning, Preparedness and Response) Rules, 1996 which have been framed under the Environment Protection Act, 1986. “It is thus necessary to determine the above question and if necessary, award relief under Section 15 of the NGT Act to the victims and for restoration of the environment after determining the liability of the persons engaged in such activity as well as role of the statutory regulators in failing to prevent the same” – the Tribunal observed . The Tribunal noted that other than determining liability of persons involved in such activities, it is also important to decide several preventive measures to avoid recurrence of such incidents in future in such activities. The Court has there sought the response of the Tamil Nadu government, the Central Pollution Control Board, State Pollution Control Board District Magistrate, Virudhunagar and the factory involved Sree Mariyammal Fireworks. The incident took place in a Nagpur-licensed Sree Mariyammal Fireworks-factory at Achankulam Village in Virudhunagar District at on 12th February. A compensation of Rs. 2 lakhs to the family of those killed and Rs. 50,000 to the family of those critically injured has been announced from the Prime Minister National Relief Fund. Further compensation has been announced from the Chief Minister’s Relief Fund whereby sum of Rs. 3 lakhs will be given to the families of those dead and Rs. 1 lakh to the families of those critically injured.Click Here To Download Order[Read Order]Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Story
The composition of the terrestrial Antarctic flora and fauna and the distribution patterns of a number of species and of the principal vegetation types is now reasonably well established, at least in outline, for the Antarctic Peninsula region and the areas about McMurdo Sound as well as for some areas around the coastal ranges of East Antarctica. Detailed research at Signy Island has provided information concerning the biomass and productivity of certain vegetation types, decomposer organisms, microbivores, and invertebrate herbivores and predators. The main pathways of energy and nutrient within the terrestrial study sites can be regarded as reasonably established. Net annual production locally reaches very high levels (up to 800 g m-2). Only a tiny part of this productivity is consumed by herbivores, the greater part passing to the decomposers or persisting as peat. Most of the animals are microbivores, or graze on fungi, and in turn sustain the small number of invertebrate predators. Analysis of the range of habitats even on Signy Island indicates however that the sites for which detailed ecological information is available represent only a part of the range of environmental and ecological variation. The island is in fact characterized by a very high level of within-site diversity, some of it on a very small scale. Similarly, recent research which permits ecological comparisons with the sub-Antarctic islands of South Georgia and Macquarie, and with the McMurdo area, confirms that Signy Island displays only a small part of the very large range of diversity within the Antarctic regions as a whole. It is a reasonably representative sample of the maritime Antarctic zone in the Antarctic Peninsula region where conditions are particularly favourable for terrestrial life. Its ecological features resemble most closely those of the South Shetland Islands (except over permeable volcanic rocks) and the Palmer Archipelago on the western side of the Antarctic Peninsula. Very different plant and animal communities occur over much of the McMurdo Sound region and in the inland ranges of East Antarctica. Some general statements can now be made about the relationships between terrestrial Antarctic eco-systems and climatic, edaphic and historical factors. There is a clearly marked attenuation of the vegetation and fauna and simplification of the ecological systems as one moves towards cold, arid continental conditions. But the biota of the maritime Antarctic and the sub-Antarctic islands is more impoverished than ecological factors alone would indicate, because of the isolation of these land habitats, many of which have only recently been deglaciated. If present environmental conditions persist, a slow increase in the complexity of these ecological systems is to be expected and in some areas, especially the subantarctic islands, this process is being accelerated by human influence.