GREEK Prime Minister George Papandreou ruled out a restructuring or “haircut” to the country’s debt yesterday and insisted it was on track to cut its budget deficit by 40 per cent by the end of the year. Papandreou said the package of wage reductions, pension decreases and tax rises brought in as a condition of the €110bn (£91bn) European Union and International Monetary Fund bailout in May would be sufficient. Read This Next’A Quiet Place Part II’ Sets Pandemic Record in Debut WeekendFamily ProofHiking Gadgets: Amazon Deals Perfect For Your Next AdventureFamily ProofYoga for Beginners: 3 Different Types of Yoga You Should TryFamily ProofBack on the Rails for Summer New York to New Orleans, Savannah and MiamiFamily ProofAmazon roars for MGM’s lion, paying $8.45 billion for studio behind JamesFamily ProofIndian Spiced Vegetable Nuggets: Recipes Worth CookingFamily ProofTortilla Mango Cups: Recipes Worth CookingFamily ProofWhat to Know About ‘Loki’ Ahead of Disney+ Premier on June 9Family ProofCheese Crostini: Delicious Recipes Worth CookingFamily Proof Show Comments ▼ whatsapp Share Sunday 12 September 2010 11:16 pm whatsapp Tags: NULL KCS-content PAPANDREOU RULES OUT HAIRCUT
9th July 2020 | By contenteditor Tags: Mobile Online Gambling Slot Machines GC proposes end to autoplay and quick spin features The Gambling Commission of Great Britain has launched a consultation onto changes to the design of online slots to make them safer for the consumers, in which it proposes banning autoplay functionality and quick spin features.Slots,according to Commission data are the largest online gambling product in terms of gross yield. While it is played by a relatively small number of players – 1.2% of GB adults – spend among these users was particularly high, due in part to features designed to increase intensity of play.“This means it poses a relatively high risk, reflected in its associated problem and moderate-risk gambling rates,” the regulator explained.The regulator acknowledged that the success of technology companies, digital content creators and gaming machine developers depends on their ability to establish and maintain engagement of consumers across multiple channels.“We also know that speed of play, frequency of betting opportunities, as well as other factors on offer can increase addiction and risk of harm,” it said.The consultation had been launched after concluding that an industry working group formed in January this year had failed to propose sufficient changes to protect players.This working group, led by Playtech and Scientific Games, has put forward plans to implement a minimum game cycle, and remove features that speed up play such as turbo or slam-stops, to reduce intensity of play. It also suggested split-screen slots be removed, to further discourage intensive play.However following a progress report in April, the Commission urged the game design group to go “further and faster” in reducing gambling harms. In June it then decided that the group had fallen “significantly short” of the progress expected, and would instead take the lead on developing new controls.It will therefore combine the working group’s recommendations with proposals from all licensees, and take suggestions for additional controls that can be implemented through the consultation. This is being done with the ultimate aim of reducing the intensity of slots, improving information available to consumers and to prohibit reverse withdrawals. The consultation does not, however, contain any proposals on stake or loss limits, something it noted in June that had been shown to have gained broad support through the working group.The Commission has first proposed amending the definition of slots in the remote gambling and software technical standards (RTS) to clarify that games that use non-traditional formats fall under its definition. This, it said, would minimise the risk of games being redesigned to circumvent new controls.It then aims to restrict consumers to playing one game at a time, noting that the Advisory Board for Safer Gambling (ABSG) has highlighted dangers associated with split-screen slots.Playing in this format, ABSG said, increased the risk of consumers losing control of their gambling. The Commission therefore aims to update the RTS to make it impossible for players to access more than one slot per account, even across multiple tabs, windows, browsers or mobile applications.Minimum game cycle speeds have also been suggested. With no minimum requirements in place online, the Commission believes this means faster, more intensive products are available than in other channels. To recitify this, it aims to bring online slots in line with B3 gambling machines, by introducing a minimum speed of 2.5 seconds.“This should not be seen as an indication that 2.5 seconds is perceived as a ‘safe’ or ‘unsafe’ game cycle speed, but that it will create parity between the online slots and offline B3 machine spin speed (mostly slots),” the Commission explained. “This will give us a baseline against which to assess going forward.”This minimum speed would in turn result in an end to turbo, quick spin or slam-stop features, something the regulator suggested could create an illusion of control for players. To create further positive friction, the Commission aims to prohibit autoplay functionality, something it said currently stops the customer from making decisions on whether to play.Animations celebrating losses disguised as wins (LDWs) could also be banned through the consultation. LDWs are in-game events, where a celebratory animation appears when a customer wins a sum below their original stake, making it appear they have won despite losing money.“We are concerned with the fairness of these celebratory effects, as we consider it important that consumers are empowered to use information about their play to make informed decisions,” the Gambling Commission explained. “This includes whether the outcome was a true ‘win’ in the sense that it returned more than their original, ‘total’ stake.”By removing the feature, customers would be able to better understand the content and outcome of their gambling, it added.This would be aided further by displaying the time and money spent on any one title. While consumers can see their spending and time history for their accounts, the Commission aims to expand on this, by having it displayed constantly on screen while they gamble.The regulator then aims to introduce further positive friction by making its temporary moratorium on reverse withdrawals permanent. Operators were asked to suspend this feature, whereby a customer can cancel a request to withdraw funds, until further notice on 12 May.“The evidence that we have gathered shows that the reverse withdrawal function presents a risk to engaged and vulnerable gamblers,” it explained. “It is often used when consumers are at an increased risk of experiencing gambling-related harms – for example, during a prolonged period of gambling or when chasing losses.”Finally, the Commission asks whether operators should have games that potentially fail to comply with the new requirements outlined in the consultation should have their titles re-tested by an independent testing house. Any title not compliant by the implementation date for the new controls would then have to be removed.“We will evaluate the impact of the controls and friction proposed in this consultation to reduce the intensity of the play experience for consumers and will take further action if necessary,” the regulator said in conclusion.“Proposals around the design of slots games are just the first step in keeping players safe. Slots is an area which has seen technological innovation in terms of product design and we expect operators to continually show an equal, and indeed greater, commitment to innovate in terms of consumer protection.”The consultation begins today (9 July) and runs until 3 September. Subscribe to the iGaming newsletter Email Address Regions: UK & Ireland The Gambling Commission of Great Britain has launched a consultation onto changes to the design of online slots to make them safer for the consumers, in which it proposes banning autoplay functionality and quick spin features. Casino & games AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitter Topics: Casino & games Legal & compliance Tech & innovation Slots
Previous articleJuventus DocuSeries: Amazon to showcase ‘All or Nothing’ Documentary series on JuventusNext articlePeurto Rico Open: Arjun Atwal to play for Dad, Tiger Woods; joins Anirban Lahiri in event Kunal DhyaniSports Tech enthusiast, he reports on Sports Tech industry and writes on sports products. PSL 2021 KAR vs ISL Match Highlights: Iftikhar, Talat pull off incredible run chase against Karachi Kings Freight & Shipping Quotes | Search AdsResearch & Compare Freight & Shipping QuotesEnjoy Affordable Freight & Shipping Services With These Service ProvidersFreight & Shipping Quotes | Search Ads|SponsoredSponsoredYourBump15 Actors That Hollywood Banned For LifeYourBump|SponsoredSponsoredDaily FunnyFemale Athlete Fails You Can’t Look Away FromDaily Funny|SponsoredSponsoredHollywood TaleHow Victoria Principal Looks At 71 Is HeartbreakingHollywood Tale|SponsoredSponsoredPost FunThese Twins Were Named “Most Beautiful In The World,” Wait Until You See Them TodayPost Fun|SponsoredSponsoredMaternity WeekA Letter From The Devil Written By A Possessed Nun In 1676 Has Been TranslatedMaternity Week|SponsoredSponsored Did not bat: Imad Wasim (c), Colin Ingram, Joe Clarke †, Aamer Yamin, Waqas Maqsood, Mohammad Amir, Arshad Iqbal Faheem Ashraf402807.0092110 Football BATSMENRB4s6sSR Euro 2020, Italy vs Wales: 3 key battles to watch out for in ITA vs WAL PSL 2021 Live Broadcast: Sony Sports to broadcast & Sony LIV to Live Stream Pakistan Super League starting from today Football Faheem Ashraf b Arshad Iqbal251522166.67 Fall of wickets: 1-176 (Babar Azam, 18.1 ov), 2-176 (Sharjeel Khan, 18.2 ov), 3-196 (Mohammad Nabi, 19.6 ov) Iftikhar Ahmed not out493723132.43 Cricket Alex Hales c sub (Qasim Akram) b Waqas Maqsood462181219.05 Euro 2020 LIVE broadcast in more than 200 countries, check how you can watch Live Streaming of EURO 2020 in your country BOWLINGOMRWECON0s4s6sWDNB Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter Fall of wickets: 1-1 (Phil Salt, 0.2 ov), 2-13 (Shadab Khan, 1.5 ov), 3-75 (Alex Hales, 5.3 ov), 4-82 (Faheem Ashraf, 6.3 ov), 5-176 (Hussain Talat, 17.4 ov) Euro 2020, Switzerland vs Turkey LIVE: Switzerland to punish hapless Turkey; Follow Live Updates BATSMENRB4s6sSR Aamer Yamin1029029.0005101 WI vs SA 2nd Test Day 3 Live: Start delayed due to rain, SA lead by 149 runs – Follow Live Updates Cricket Daniel Christian1010010.0001000 Mohammad Nabi c Zafar Gohar b Hussain Talat7501140.00 Karachi Kings innings PSL 2021 – Karachi Kings vs Islamabad United: Iftikhar, Talat pull off incredible run chase against Karachi Kings: Sharjeel Khan’s second PSL century went in vain on Wednesday as Islamabad United defeated Karachi Kings in sixth PSL match of the T20 event in Pakistan. Khan had scored 105 off 59 deliveries including 8 sixes and nine boundaries, while skipper Babar Azam had also scored a fifty. Chasing 197, Iftikhar Ahmed (49*), Hussain Talat (42) pulled off an incredible run chase. Alex Hales was also among the main architects of the victory contributing 46 runs. With the win, Islamabad United have jumped to second place in the PSL points table. Lahore Qalandars is on top with equal points but have a higher net run rate.PSL 2021 Live Broadcast: Sony Sports to broadcast & Sony LIV to Live Stream Pakistan Super League starting from today Shadab Khan2032016.0031400 Asif Ali not out21912233.33 Did not bat: Lewis Gregory, Hasan Ali, Zafar Gohar, Mohammad Wasim Cricket by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeGrammarlyImprove Your Spelling With This Helpful Browser ExtensionGrammarlyIPL 2020: Bad news for Sunrisers Hyderabad’s Jonny BairstowIPL 2020 : Srikanth and fans slams MS Dhoni, says ‘wasted 15 Cr on Jadhav & Chawla’ISLAMABAD UNITED INNINGS Football BOWLINGOMRWECON0s4s6sWDNB Iftikhar Ahmed1010010.0010100 Mohammad Wasim403007.5072101 Hasan Ali403619.00116100 BCCI to form committee to take call on compensating domestic cricketers Sharjeel Khan lbw b Hasan Ali1055998177.97 Formula 1 Zafar Gohar2022011.0042120 F1 French GP 2021: Max Verstappen pips Lewis Hamilton to win French GP, Perez finishes 3rd RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR WTC Final Day 3 LIVE Score: Latham, Conway provide solid start- Tea Break; NZ 36/0 (21 ovs)- Follow Live Updates Wimbledon 2021 LIVE streaming: When, where and how to watch year’s third Grand Slam’ in you country, India Extras(b 1, lb 3, nb 1, w 9)14 Facebook Twitter Extras(lb 2, nb 3, w 5)10 TAGSKAR vs ISLKAR vs ISL Dream 11KAR vs ISL Fantasy Playing TipsKAR vs ISL Probable Playing 11Karachi Kings vs Islamabad UnitedPSL 2021 SHARE Daniel Christian not out12520240.00 CricketPakistan Super LeaguePakistan Super League 2021SportSport News By Kunal Dhyani – February 24, 2021 Cricket Mohammad Amir4044111.00114240 Waqas Maqsood2.1022110.1551200 Euro 2020, Italy vs Wales LIVE: Gareth Bale and Co face do-or-die clash; Italy eye third consecutive win; Follow Live Updates, TOTAL(20 Ov, RR: 9.80)196/3 Arshad Iqbal3030110.0033100 Imad Wasim403218.0053020 Phil Salt †c Christian b Imad Wasim02000.00 Mohammad Nabi402616.5090200 Shadab Khan (c)lbw b Mohammad Amir01000.00 Babar Azam run out (Hales/Hasan Ali)625461114.81 Euro 2020, Switzerland vs Turkey: Top 5 players to watch out for in SUI vs TUR Football Hussain Talat lbw b Mohammad Nabi423140135.48 Football Hussain Talat2025112.5042122 TOTAL(19.1 Ov, RR: 10.27)197/5 Lewis Gregory1011011.0012000
Las terribles noticias sobre el despliegue del cambio climático pueden tener efectos opuestos en las personas: desesperación, lasitud y negación, o energía de ira.Las filas de aquellos en este país que creen las mentiras, promovidos por la industria petroleras y repetidos por políticos oportunistas como Trump, que niegan el cambio climático se están reduciendo a la vez que las prueba se hacen más contundentes. A veces golpea a sus propias puertas, ya sean tormentas feroces o incendios forestales o inundaciones.Los jóvenes en particular, para quienes el futuro es una gran parte de sus propias vidas, están impulsando el movimiento exigiendo que los gobiernos y las empresas tomen medidas significativas para dar vuelta a lo que parece un deslizamiento imparable en el caos climático.Y cada vez más, las personas en este movimiento apuntan al capitalismo como el problema y al socialismo como la respuesta. Ya es hora, y todavía hay tiempo.¿Qué puede provocar el cambio?Durante el último siglo y medio, un período en el que la industrialización del planeta provocó enormes cantidades de gases de efecto invernadero que se acumulan en la atmósfera como una gran manta que calienta la Tierra, hemos visto a personas organizarse y hacer lo que parecía imposible cuando están convencidos de que sus intereses colectivos superan sus propias necesidades y deseos personales. Trágicamente, esta capacidad de sacrificio y lucha ha sido utilizada por las clases dominantes del mundo imperialista, que han adoctrinado a cientos de millones de personas para luchar y morir “por su país”.De hecho, las guerras mundiales del siglo XX, así como las “acciones policiales” devastadoras, como Vietnam y Corea, fueron impulsadas no por sentimientos nobles de democracia y libertad, sino por la feroz necesidad de mercados y ganancias incorporadas en el sistema capitalista.Aprender lo contrario, como lo han hecho muchos soldados que se vieron obligados a entrar en la guerra de Vietnam y ahora visitan amistosamente a ese país socialista, es una experiencia devastadora pero necesaria.En las últimas décadas, cuando los gobiernos capitalistas piden más sacrificios a las personas, el cinismo ha reemplazado al entusiasmo. Y comprensiblemente así. Pero el cinismo es la ausencia de creencia o convicción.Es lo que haces, no lo que te burlas y no haces, lo que cambia la marea de la historia.Un movimiento anticapitalista se está desarrollando en todo el mundo en respuesta a los crímenes del imperialismo. Uno de sus temas urgentes es el cambio climático. ¿Se puede hacer lo suficiente para detener el calentamiento global antes de que se alcance el “punto de inflexión” que, según advierten los científicos, lo haría irreversible?Obviamente, esto llevará a la movilización masiva a gran escala. Se requerirá una reestructuración cuidadosa y organizada de la forma en que vivimos, trabajamos y disfrutamos de la vida. Dicha reestructuración está completamente en desacuerdo con un sistema económico impulsado por las ganancias.Uniendo las fuerzas para el socialismoLa clase trabajadora tiene potencialmente el poder y la organización para paralizar el capitalismo, derribar su estado represivo y movilizarse para que la reconstrucción socialista planificada de la sociedad beneficie a los productores, no a los explotadores.Y necesita aliados entre aquellas personas que no son explotadas directamente en el punto de producción pero que sufren del capitalismo de cualquier otra manera. La lucha por un sistema sostenible, el socialismo, puede unir estas fuerzas de clase.En este momento, la mayor energía para el cambio social proviene de las personas más explotadas y oprimidas por este sistema. Son los pueblos de África, América Central, América del Sur y el Caribe, gran parte de Asia occidental y oriental y el Pacífico, los que menos han contribuido al calentamiento global, pero son los que más sufren las consecuencias.El reciente ciclón que golpeó a Mozambique, Zimbabwe y Malawi, matando a más de 600 personas como mínimo y devastando a cientos de miles, es un buen ejemplo. Así es la devastación del huracán de Puerto Rico que continúa. Pero también debemos incluir las inundaciones masivas en el medio oeste de los EE. UU., donde los más afectados son siempre los pobres, que carecen de un refugio adecuado y no pueden pagar un seguro contra inundaciones.La desesperación no nos llevará a ningún lado. La única respuesta efectiva al calentamiento global es luchar fuertemente por el poder de los trabajadores y el socialismo.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
NewsEducationNew publication released to commemorate 50 years of ‘free education’By Staff Reporter – February 6, 2018 1178 Email Facebook WhatsApp Print TAGSDonogh O’ Malleyfree second-level educationProfessor Judith HarfordProfessor Kathy HallProfessor Teresa O DohertyThomas O Donoghue Linkedin Professor Kathy Hall and book authors Professor Judith Harford (UCD), Professor Tom O’Donoghue (University Western Australia) and Professor Teresa O’Doherty (MIC). Picture: Liam Burke Twitter Just over fifty years ago, the then Fianna Fáil Minister for Education Donogh O’Malley announced plans for free second-level education, a move that was probably the most significant initiative taken in regard to education in Ireland following Independence from Britain in 1922 to the present.At the time, about a third – or 17,000 children – who finished primary school were dropping out of education; at 15 years of age fewer than 50 per cent were still in full-time education. Within a decade of the policy change, participation rates in second-level had doubled. Today, Ireland has one of the highest rates of second-level completion in the EU, with more than 90 per cent of the population completing the Leaving Cert.According to the authors of a recent publication, teacher education in Ireland over the last decade has become an issue of public policy. This activity has now become the subject of much comment and debate. Teacher Preparation in Ireland: History, Policy and Future Directions written by Professor Teresa O Doherty, Dean of Education, Mary Immaculate College (MIC); Professor Judith Harford, UCD and Professor Thomas O Donoghue, University of Western Australia, provides a worthy contribution to this debate.Sign up for the weekly Limerick Post newsletter Sign Up The publication, which was launched in MIC by Professor Kathy Hall from UCC, relates to the introduction of the ‘free education’ introduced in 1967, providing an exposition on the nature of teacher preparation for teaching in primary and second-level schools both before and after the initiative was taken. It traces the history of teacher preparation through a number of different stages.One of the authors Professor Teresa O Doherty said she hopes to “provide a history of teacher education which would be useful to the policy makers, so that armed with a sound knowledge of the background of programmes and colleges, they could better understand the radical developments which are occurring”.Launching the publication Professor Hall referred to the book as being “a fabulously rich resource for anyone seeking to understand what shaped teacher education in Ireland over the past century.” She continued to say that the book will be welcomed not just by those interested in the history of education here and elsewhere, but also by those interested in comparative and policy studies internationally.More about education here. Advertisement Previous articleColáiste Chiaráin to introduce coding as a subjectNext articleYoung musical talent in Limerick gets a chance to shine Staff Reporterhttp://www.limerickpost.ie
Twitter 70% of Cllrs nationwide threatened, harassed and intimidated over past 3 years – Report Man arrested in Derry on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences released Facebook By News Highland – January 29, 2013 Donegal county council has committed to not increasing rents in 2013.The 2013 budget meeting was dominated by a council executive proposal to increase rents by 2 euro per month.While that proposal was eventually withdrawn it doesn’t mean a rent increase of some level could be introduced.Councillor Cora Harvey has now been assured that there will be no increase this year. She says the council will resist any pressure from government to do so….[podcast]http://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/coraraw.mp3[/podcast] WhatsApp Need for issues with Mica redress scheme to be addressed raised in Seanad also Twitter Dail hears questions over design, funding and operation of Mica redress scheme Facebook News Previous articleMc Hugh says Shatter must give special consideration to border countiesNext articleDail to debate garda station closures News Highland Minister McConalogue says he is working to improve fishing quota Pinterest Google+ No rent increase in 2013 – Harvey WhatsApp RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Dail to vote later on extending emergency Covid powers Google+ Pinterest
iStock/Thinkstock(PARADISE, Calif.) — A Paradise, California, couple made a harrowing escape from the deadly Camp Fire with their four young children, describing it as driving “through hell.”When the blaze neared, Michelle and Daniel Simmons piled their kids — ages 8, 7, 2 and 1 — into their car to flee for their lives.They grabbed their wedding rings, a stuffed animal and a blanket.“It was so hot and so hard to breathe,” Michelle Simmons told ABC News. The children “were really scared. They kept asking a lot of questions.”“There was a woman on the side of the road running with her baby. I just replay the image over and over. She was barefoot,” she said. “I think the worst part for me, personally, was seeing the community, seeing everybody panicking.”Daniel Simmons described it as “traumatic,” adding, “There were a couple moments where I didn’t think we were gonna get out.”It took them about two hours to get out of Paradise as Michelle Simmons’ hometown burned around them.Once they reached safety, Michelle Simmons said she took the kids out of the car, hugged them and cried, feeling overwhelmed with thanks that they were OK but sadness that they’d never have their home back.The family is together and safe, with the exception of two of their cats who remain missing.“We drove through hell but we’re lucky,” Daniel Simmons said. “There’s so many other people who went through worse.”At least 48 people have died in the Northern California Camp Fire, now the the deadliest on record in the state. The blaze has burned over 130,000 acres and nearly demolished the town of Paradise.Michell and Daniel Simmons’ home is one of the many in the town now burned to the ground.Daniel Simmons said his employer has been extremely supportive, providing them with a hotel room and rental car. But they said many of their neighbors are not as lucky.“I can see people staying and sleeping in their cars,” Michelle Simmons said. “Everyone’s homes are destroyed. These people need so much help.” Copyright © 2018, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.
iStock/stevanovikigorBY: MICHAEL DOBUSKI, ABC News (NEW YORK) — “Doomscrolling,” also known as “Doomsurfing,” refers to the practice of surfing or scrolling through bad news headlines on the internet, even if those stories create unpleasant or unhealthy feelings.Google reported a spike in searches for the term this past July. “It’s definitely come into more popular usage in the last five months or so,” says Ben Grosser, an artist and professor at the University of Illinois. He first noticed his own doomscrolling in March, amid the beginning of the coronavirus pandemic. “Once we had shelter-in-place here in the state of Illinois, I found myself sleeping even less than usual… Staying up late into the night, reading the news, waking up earlier than I intended, and immediately going back to the news. Such that I was getting maybe getting four hours of sleep at night.”As part of an effort to cut down on his own habit, Grosser created The Endless Doomscroller. It’s a website designed to look like the front page of a common social media platform, such as Facebook’s “News Feed.” But all The Endless Doomscroller shows is an infinite scroll of generic, troubling headlines.Posts on The Endless Doomscroller include: “Fear Persists,” “The Threat Is Existential,” and “Experts Say It’s Worse Than We Thought.” What’s more, it constantly refreshes, so visitors can never reach the bottom of the page. “[You] can scroll as fast or as slow as you want, and you can scroll as long as you want,” says Grosser. “But those headlines just will endlessly appear.” Grosser says the website’s posts aren’t intended to reference any specific event or news story. Rather, they’re supposed to highlight the act of doomscrolling. “If we distill down the activity to its bare essentials, then it helps us reflect on what it is we’re doing.” He says his goal is to both help people think about their personal habits online, and also to draw attention to how social media companies keep visitors engaged. “We have software platforms that are designed to be addictive – designed to keep us focused on them. And that is now combined with an international populace that is, in many ways, stuck online as their primary mode of interacting with other humans right now.” Grosser says he hopes his project helps people examine their social media habits more critically. “Perhaps the only way out of too much doomscrolling is endless doomscrolling.”Listen to ABC’s Mike Dobuski reporting for ABC News Radio’s “Perspective” podcast: Copyright © 2020, ABC Audio. All rights reserved.
Overtime ban may bring court actionOn 11 Jan 2000 in Personnel Today Previous Article Next Article Related posts:No related photos. Comments are closed. A grey area of strike law is set to be tested in the courts.London-based train operator Connex is considering legal action to try tobreak an informal overtime ban by staff which its union, Aslef, claims does notconstitute industrial action.Drivers re-started a work-to-rule on 4 January, after a temporary injunctionended, causing 387 services to be cancelled. Aslef has pledged to continueuntil a row over hours is resolved.A Connex spokesman said, “This is illegal action. We have used the courtsbefore and we are not ruling it out again if it is not put to an end.”Aslef spokesman John Richards said drivers are not obliged to work extrahours. “They merely have to give seven days’ notice before rosters arepublished. All we have done is advise them not to do the shifts,” he said.An expert in employment law at Pinsent Curtis said illegal action caninclude “non-participation in non-contractual duties” but it would beup to a court to decide.The overtime and rest day working ban started on 19 December, but Connexgained an injunction from the High Court on 23 December to force drivers towork agreed rotas over Christmas and New Year. The injunction ended on 3January.Aslef wants the working week cut from 37 to 35 hours, as well as improved pensionarrangements.