Colonisation and development in encrusting communities from the Antarctic intertidal and sublittoral

first_imgA total of 985 rocks with a wide range of surface areas were examined from six locations at Signy Island in the maritime Antarctic. The shallowest site was intertidal and the deepest at 42 m. The probability of coralline algae occurring was found to increase with surface area and depth of rocks, implying decreased levels of turnover or physical disturbance with increasing rock size and depth. Percent area colonised, number of animal phyla, bryozoan species and bryozoan colonies all increased both with rock surface area and depth. The largest rocks in the intertidal had broadly similar levels of colonisation and community development as did the smallest at 42 m. Thus, because of depth-dependent ice-scour, community development in the Antarctic sublittoral may be followed along a pseudo-time sequence by using two axes (substratum size and depth) of environmental stability. Frequent disturbance appears to be responsible for maintaining the level of diversity and preventing monopolisation. Bryozoans and polychaetes were the most abundant encrusting animal groups, although tunicates and sponges were the dominant overgrowth competitors. The faunal elements of the colonising biota were almost entirely confined to the undersurfaces of rocks whereas algae dominated upper surfaces. In most bryozoan species the proportion of colonies occurring on the upper surfaces of rocks increased with depth to 34 m and then decreased at 42 m where silt deposition apparently became a major influence. Such a shift in distribution may reflect decreasing current velocities, and therefore reduced disturbance to animal feeding, and/or decreasing growth of coralline algae due to reduced light availability.last_img read more

Multi-billion deal: Royal Navy orders three new Type 26 frigates

first_img View post tag: Royal Navy View post tag: City-class July 3, 2017 Industry news The first of the Royal Navy’s next-generation frigates will be laid down before the month is out after a £3.7 billion order was placed for three Type 26s.Defence Secretary Sir Michael Fallon yesterday announced the contract with BAE Systems to deliver the first batch of global combat ships.They will be the first three of eight vessels to replace the equivalent number of specialist submarine-hunting Type 23 frigates currently in service.Shipbuilding yards on the Clyde will be responsible for building and fitting out the trio, with the first of the as-yet-unnamed class entering service in the mid-2020s.The work will support and sustain 3,400 jobs – half in the shipyards, half in the supply chain providing parts.First Sea Lord Admiral Sir Philip Jones said: “For an island nation, dependent on maritime trade, a strong Royal Navy is essential for our national security and economic prosperity.“Today there are over 500 submarines in the world operated by 40 navies. As one of the quietest and most potent submarine-hunters of any Navy, the Type 26 will have a crucial role to play to protect the nuclear deterrent and our two new aircraft carriers.“Although designed to fight and win in the most demanding scenarios, they will also work alongside our international partners to protect and promote the United Kingdom’s interests around the world.”These world-class warships will protect the nation’s nuclear deterrent and the Royal Navy’s new aircraft carriers, the first of which, HMS Queen Elizabeth, has recently taken to sea for the first time.The ships specialise in anti-submarine warfare, protecting the UK’s overseas territories and interests across the globe. The flexible design will allow the capabilities to be adapted throughout its lifespan to counter future threats.The Type 26 frigates are 60ft longer and 2,000 tonnes heavier than their predecessors, equipped with bow and towed array sonar, Sea Ceptor air defence missiles and a 5ins main gun.The ships are also equipped with a mission bay for plug-in containers carrying equipment for specific tasks, such as disaster relief, and a flight deck big enough to take a Chinook – though the Fleet Air Arm’s Merlin and Wildcat helicopters will be more common.In due course, the Type 26’s firepower will be bolstered by the future offensive surface weapon – the missile currently being developed to replace the Harpoon.Defence Secretary Sir Michael Fallon said: “The Type 26 Frigate is a cutting-edge warship, combining the expertise of the British shipbuilding industry with the excellence of the Royal Navy. We will cut steel on the first ship later this month – a hugely significant milestone that delivers on our commitment to maintain our global naval power. These ships will be a force to be reckoned with, there to protect our powerful new carriers and helping keep British interests safe across the world.“Backed by a rising defence budget and a £178 billion equipment plan, the Type 26 programme will bring vast economic benefits to Scotland and the wider UK. The contract is structured to ensure value for taxpayers’ money and, importantly, now designed to protect them from extra bills from project overrun. The investment will secure hundreds of skilled jobs at BAE Systems on the Clyde for the next twenty years, and thousands of jobs in the supply chain across Britain. ”Typically just 157 men and women – 30-40 fewer than a Type 23 – will run these ships, but there will be space aboard for up to 208 souls.Today’s deal also reaffirms the commitment made by the Government in the 2015 Strategic Defence and Security Review (SDSR15) to build eight Type 26 ships.The contract for the second batch of five ships is expected to be negotiated in the early 2020s, paving the way to sustain further jobs in Scotland and across the wider supply chain for many years to come. Multi-billion deal: Royal Navy orders three new Type 26 frigates View post tag: Type 26 Back to overview,Home naval-today Multi-billion deal: Royal Navy orders three new Type 26 frigates Share this articlelast_img read more

Doves Farm rebrands free-from line after £3m investment

first_imgThe free-from range from Hungerford-based Doves Farm has been rebranded under the name Freee.Gluten-free food producer Doves Farm has rebranded its free-from range following an investment of over £3 million. Freee by Doves Farm “offers consumers a clear distinction between the two core pillars of the business: the traditional organic, wheat-containing products, and the gluten-free and free-from range under the new brand name,” according to the company.It said each area of the business has its own dedicated staff and separate production facilities. The products have not been reformulated, but the introduction of Freee by Doves Farm incorporates a new brand name and logo, “that conveys the feeling of freedom to choose natural food without worrying about allergens, such as gluten”, it said.The rebrand comes at the same time as the launch of a new website for the company.Doves Farm co-founder Clare Marriage said: “We felt it was time to clearly define the two pillars of our business and invest in giving our free-from range its own home. Our new logo incorporates an additional bouncing ‘e’ in Freee that offers a sense of feeling free again.”Freee by Doves Farm features 65 products, including flour, cookies and flapjacks, with three new lines added to the flour sack range: 16 kilos of millet, quinoa and teff flours.Two new products have also been added to the range: Gluten Free White Bread Mix and Gluten Free Pizza Base Mix. Both are free from gluten, milk, peanut, egg and soya.last_img read more

Villainous Company Starts Preview Performances Off-Broadway

first_imgThe world premiere of Victor L. Cahn’s Villainous Company begins performances at off-Broadway’s Clurman Theatre at Theatre Row on January 9. The production, directed by Eric Parness, will open officially on January 12 and run through January 31. Show Closed This production ended its run on Jan. 31, 2015 Related Shows The cast of Villainous Company features Alice Bahlke, Julia Campanelli and Corey Tazmania. Villainous Company explores the suspenseful game of cat and mouse between three women after one of them, Claire, returns from an afternoon of shopping and discovers that one of her packages is missing. Villainous Company View Commentslast_img read more

Drug-Smuggling Militiamen Arrested In Colombia

first_imgBy Dialogo September 18, 2009 Twenty-eight suspected members of a paramilitary organization linked to drug trafficking to the United States and Europe were arrested, Colombian authorities said. The arrests were made by Colombian police and prosecutors in coordination with the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration. One of the most important arrests was made in the Caribbean coastal city of Barranquilla, where Donaldo Verbel Garcia – alias “El Gato” (The Cat), the head of the Los Paisas militia on the northern Colombian coast and the person in charge of coordinating drug shipments abroad – was taken into custody. Police said that El Gato shipped drugs using two methods: across the Caribbean Sea in relatively large boats and with human carriers who first go to Venezuela and from there travel to Central America, the United States and Europe. Authorities also discovered an ingenious strategy the band used to transport drugs on the high seas consisting of securing cargoes of some 500 kilos below the water’s surface attached to a buoy. During the course of the investigation, police also determined that the band has links with other groups like that headed by Daniel Barrera, one of Colombia’s most-wanted drug kingpins. The AUC federation of right-wing militias, which was deeply involved in the drug trade, dissolved in mid-2006 after more than 31,000 paramilitaries laid down their arms in keeping with the peace process agreed to with the government of President Alvaro Uribe. Afterwards, however, other paramilitary bands began cropping up, including Los Paisas, which – in many cases – have developed links with drug trafficking.last_img read more

Brazilian Police Detained 36 People Suspected Of Drug Trafficking To Europe

first_imgBy Dialogo October 31, 2011 The Brazilian police arrested 36 people involved in international drug trafficking on October 27. They had been buying cocaine in Bolivia and marihuana in Paraguay, and the drugs were to be shipped to Europe, according to a statement issued by the Federal Police. “The group was made up of Brazilian, South American and European citizens who brought to Brazil cocaine from Bolivia, and marihuana from Paraguay. The drugs were sent to Europe and Africa”, said the police. During the operation, 80,000 reals were confiscated, (about US$46,800), along with 10 high-end vehicles, and weapons. Thanks to ‘Operation Seed’, which started a year ago, about 70 people had already been arrested under drug trafficking charges, “one of which is suspected of belonging to the Calabrian mafia in Italy”, specified the statement. During this period, the police seized 9,540 pounds of cocaine and 11,490 pounds of marihuana, as well as more than one million reals (about US$585,500), 48 vehicles and an airplane. According to the authorities, the parties involved are facing up to 20 years of prison time.last_img read more

Foundation awards local bar service grants

first_imgThe Florida Bar Foundation recently awarded $40,000 to voluntary bar associations for community service grants as part of its improvements in the administration of justice program.The local bars receiving grants include:• The Broward County Bar received $3,000 to produce digital video recording of courses for guardians serving the needs of incapacitated children and family members.• The Broward County Hispanic Bar received $1,000 to be used to provide library books for children of the Hispanic community to enable bar volunteers to interact with immigrants through read-ins.• The Central Florida Chapter of ABOTA received $600 for its Justice The People project which will be used for an interactive curriculum with a CD-ROM game and teaching materials to help children understand the Seventh Amendment right to jury trial.• The Central Florida Gay and Lesbian Law Association received $2,400 to develop a Web site where gays and lesbians can access legal information to increase their understanding of their legal rights.• The Dade County Bar received $3,000 to address the unmet civil legal needs of teenage dependent children in Miami-Dade County by training volunteer attorneys and reproducing a training brochure.• The Hillsborough County Bar received $3,000 for its West Tampa Elementary Awards Project. The funds will be used for a behavior improvement program for a “D” rated school whereby students must earn the right to attend the events.• The Fred G. Minnis, Sr., Bar received $4,500 to increase awareness of contributions of African American attorneys and increase the number of minorities interested in law careers by providing mobility for the museum exhibit “A Legacy of Courage, Vision and Hope” and creating a brochure to accompany the exhibit.• The Jacksonville Bar received $4,000 for its Literacy Speakers’ Bureau. The funds will be used to educate the community about reading difficulties and to encourage replication of the program to other voluntary bars through the expansion of the bureau.• The Wilkie D. Ferguson, Jr., Bar in Coral Gables received $4,500 for developing a pamphlet and sponsoring a recruitment event to increase the number of minority attorneys who volunteer as guardians.• The Orange County Bar received $3,000 for its Law Week efforts. The funds will be used to change the negative attitude about jury duty by educating young people about the importance of jury service.• The Palm Beach County Bar received $3,000 for its Law Week program to develop a media plan to reach the community and expand the program.• The Volusia County Bar received $4,000 to update the informational packets for pro se individuals in dependency and delinquency proceedings and create a video.• The Volusia/Flagler Association for Women Lawyers received $4,000 to develop training modules in core practice area curricula to increase participation of bar members in pro bono work. August 1, 2005 Regular News Foundation awards local bar service grantscenter_img Foundation awards local bar service grantslast_img read more

2013 U.S Women’s Open Debuts at Sebonack

first_imgSign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York The world’s best women golfers are teeing off Thursday in the 2013 U.S Women’s Open at Sebonack Golf Club in Southampton through Sunday, with Levittown teenager Annie Park the must-watch hometown favorite.Many golfers are fans unfamiliar with the relatively new course—Sebonack opened less than a decade ago, in 2005—and will witness the unveiling of the club’s 18-hole maze through the weekend.“I could not have imagined a better first semester to my college career,” Park said after qualifying for the 2013 U.S. Women’s Open, where she is making her second appearance among the world’s best women golfers.The U.S Women’s Open can be watched for over 15 hours in over 50 countries on television programs such as ESPN and NBC Sports.Park, a MacArthur High School graduate and freshman at the University of Southern California, is contending for the title against previous U.S. Open winners such as Na Yeon Choi (2012) and So Yeon Ryu (2011). After missing the cut in last year’s qualifying round, Park gained entrance into Sebonack the second time around.While competing in the Nassau County High School Championship at Bethpage State Park’s blue and red courses, Park crushed the competition, which included more than 130 boys. She led the USC Trojans to the NCAA championship and won the Honda Award as the Nation’s top female college golfer during that time. She will tee off against 155 other for the first-round in front of a crowd that is expected to reach as many of 130,000 during the week-long event.If the event turns out to be as successful as most are projecting it to be, Bethpage may lose some significance and Sebonack could be a boon to the Suffolk County economy. The U.S. Women’s Open projects an economic impact of more than $20 million to the greater LI community, event officials predict.Hosting several other events such as the Men’s U.S Open could put Sebonack on the map. Golf Digest ranked Bethpage’s golf course No. 6 of America’s 50 toughest courses in 2008, so golfers of all different levels may want to swing away at Sebonack instead.Traffic on the South Fork is expected be more congested than usual through Sunday as road closures hit Shrubland Road/Sebonac Road between 6 a.m. and at 8 p.m. daily. A parking field off South Magee Street and County Road 39 has been accommodated for visitor parking. From there, spectators will be shuttled to the event by The Hampton Jitney.last_img read more

The foundation of credit union excellence

first_imgIn an industry where data is the most valuable asset, data integrity is essential. Building a successful credit union begins with data Nate WentzlaffCredit union data is more abundant than ever. Along with this abundance comes an increased need for data integrity. Databases are constantly being designed with ever-expanding datasets; the integrity of data must be upheld for wise, data-driven decision making. As new applications are being dreamed up by developers within the financial services arena, credit unions are struggling to manage their data that flows throughout their organization. Mobile banking has become one of the biggest disrupting forces by pumping new data types at an alarming rate. If this new data is compromised, all the analytics tools and technologies in the world will not be effective.3 Types of Data Integrity Physical IntegrityData must be physically safe. Whether data is stored internally (on various servers) or within the cloud, credit unions must firmly establish physical data integrity standards. Disaster recovery, security, server maintenance and other actions must be taken to ensure the physical integrity of data.Human ErrorHumans make mistakes. Maintaining data integrity is very difficult when humans are inputting free-form text into software systems throughout the credit union. The design of credit union software must be improved to mitigate human error. Drop-down fields, required formats for data input and auto-populated fields are some of the ways credit unions can decrease the volume of erroneous data caused by humans. continue reading » 3SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblrlast_img read more

12 commandments of vibrant, effective direct marketing

first_img 7SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr,Kerry Blom Kerry is part owner of Pinpoint Direct Marketing in Andover, MN, a credit union based digital printing company. She has over 20 years experience in the industry. Pinpoint Direct Marketing … Web: Details Lots of us have ended up in marketing roles we were untrained to handle. For some, this is a fun, fantastic challenge. For others, it’s a real nail-biter. If you’re a notch above the clueless category, here are 12 tips to making your next campaign look like a pro did it.Competitive/compelling offer. Do your homework on the competition. You won’t get leader-of-the-pack results if you have an also-ran offer.Ensure internal systems are in place to handle responses. Involve member services early in the process to make sure they understand what’s being promoted, and how to react to hot/warm/cold leads.Segment data to create a personalized, relevant, timely message. Tailor photography and copy to the recipient group for the best impact.Write a clear headline. It can be clever and provocative as long as it helps your cause and supports the graphic.Eye path is linear. Take this test: ask a few coworkers to look at your ad. Did it start and end where you wanted, or were their eyes bouncing around? Bouncing eyeballs are only funny on Halloween.Colors and logos should match branding. Complimentary colors add interest. Wild combinations are best for circus ads.Hire a copywriter. The English language is a minefield of grammar boo-boos waiting to embarrass you. If you can’t hire a copywriter, use free, online grammar tools and pay close attention to homophone snafus. Verify dates, phone numbers and addresses. The copy tone should reflect the offer, the audience, and design. Read your ad out loud. If it sounds stiff and stilted, get out the eraser. Humor is only funny if the reader understands why the chicken crossed the road.Stick to the subject. White space isn’t something to fear. Resist cluttering your message with extraneous details. Kitchen sink copywriting never works. In fact, neither does kitchen sink design. Sometimes you need to delete copy and graphics that just don’t work, no matter how much you love them. Share the extra details with your customers when they respond to your promotion.Clear call to action, front and center. Tell me what you want me to do. Assumptions are deadly.Use easy response tools. Personalized URLs (PURLs ), hyperlinks to online applications, and email are great to use. Branch-code phone numbers, addresses, and signatures to get customers in the door, too. If you use a QR Code, give the respondent a good reason to visit the landing page. Send the mobile user right to the page they need; don’t make them hunt. If the landing page is a video, be aware of data charges and the time it takes to load/view whatever you’re offering.Easy-to-read mobile and traditional formatting are must haves for QR Codes, web pages, and blogs. The technology to convert traditional pages to mobile viewing is usually free and takes seconds. The customer frustration it saves is priceless.You’ve come this far, don’t risk being tossed or deleted unread. Avoid words and techniques that make your campaign look like junk mail. Window envelopes with no personalization look like a shotgun blast into the membership and community. Watch email subject lines for spam words and don’t disguise words such as ca$h that’ll be tagged as spam by the receiving ISP.Follow these tips and your campaign will have a higher than average chance to shine.last_img read more